Bessingby is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies immediately south-east from the A614, approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south-west from Bridlington. The village forms part of Bridlington civil parish.
Bessingby appears to be a site of Prehistoric and Roman occupation. Fragments of Neolithic axes have been discovered, and cropmarks indicating trackways, ditch boundaries and enclosures have been seen at Bessingby High Field, 0.5 miles (0.8 km) to the south of the village, and just to the east, near to the A165 road. A further archeological site is that of a now non-existent water mill, noted as extant in 1418, that could have been sited on Gypsey Race.
In the Domesday Book the village is written as “Basingebi”or “Basinghebi”. It consisted of 3 villagers, 1 freeman and 4 burgesses, 37 ploughlands, 1.5 plough teams, a meadow of 8 acres (0.032 km2) and a church. In 1066 lordship of the manor was held by Earl Morcar, being transferred to King William in 1086. The Conqueror gave the village to Gilbert de Gant, his nephew; its ownership was later transferred to Bridlington Priory during the reign of Henry I.
In 1808 Benjamin Pitt Capper recorded 17 houses and a Bessingby population of 87. By 1837 Moule noted 83 inhabitants, and St Magnus's church, rebuilt in 1766, containing monuments to H. Hudson (d.1826), and his wife Lady Ann (d.1818). Hudson's seat was Bessingby Hall at the north of the village, inherited by his son Sir James Hudson (1810–1885), a private secretary under William IV, later in Foreign Service at Rio de Janeiro and Turin. In July 1825 William Scoresby, Arctic explorer and scientist, became curate of Bessingby, before leaving to become Chaplain of the Mariners' Church, a floating ministry at Liverpool, in November 1826. In 1892 Bessingby and its parish contained 171 inhabitants, within an area of 1,269 acres (5.14 km2). Agricultural production was chiefly wheat, oats and beans. By then, the manor, Hall and estate had been purchased from the Hudson family by George Wright JP, who provided in his will for the construction of the new village church, St Magnus.
Bessingby's Grade II* listed Anglican church is dedicated to St Magnus. Built in 1893–94 by Temple Moore, in 14th-century style, it replaced an earlier 1767 brick church. A crenellated tower with short steeple sits centrally between nave and chancel. Detailing is of Decorated Gothic style, with stained glass by Kempe, dated 1900. There is a 1570 cup by Robert Beckwith, and a 1704 paten by Seth Lofthouse. Tablet monuments are to the Hudson family, by R. J. Wyatt. Pevsner's view of the church is that "It is competent, but no more".
Bessingby Hall, Grade II listed, was built by Thomas Cundy in 1807, in yellow brick with sash windows and Grecian portico. Further listed buildings attached to the Hall are its former Keepers' Cottage, and a pigeoncote, both 17th century.
- Historic England. "Monument No. 910897". PastScape. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Historic England. "Monument No. 1191551". PastScape. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Historic England. "Monument No. 1192892". PastScape. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Historic England. "Monument No. 910843". PastScape. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Bessingby in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- "Documents Online: Bessingby, Yorkshire", Folio: 299v, 381v Great Domesday Book; The National Archives. Retrieved 18 April 2012
- "History, topography, and directory of East Yorkshire (with Hull)". T Bulmer & Co. 1892
- Thompson, J (1821); "Historical Sketches of Bridlington", p. 37; reprinted BiblioBazaar, LLC (2010). ISBN 1141836459
- Capper, Benjamin Pit (1808) A topographical dictionary of the United Kingdom; Bes – Bet; Richard Phillips, Blackfiars; reprinted 2011; ISBN 1241313458
- Moule, Thomas (1837); The English Counties Delineated: A Topical Description of England, Volume 2; p. 405. George Virtue, London
- Allen, Thomas (1849); A New and Complete History of the County of York, Volume 4, p. 51; reprinted BiblioBazaar, LLC (2010). ISBN 114188867X
- Fleming, John; The Burlington Magazine Vol. 115, No. 838 (January 1973), pp. 4–17. The Burlington Magazine Publications Ltd.
- Kverndal, Roald (1986); Seamen's Missions: Their Origin and Early Growth, p. 288; William Carey Library. ISBN 0878084401
- Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; The People's Magazine: An Illustrated Miscellany for Family Reading, Volume 5, p,364; reprinted 2011. ISBN 1173800786
- Historic England. "Church of Church of St Magnus (1083689)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; The Buildings of England. Yorkshire: York and the East Riding pp. 168, 169; Penguin (1972); reprinted 1975, Pevsner Architectural Guides. ISBN 0140710434
- Historic England. "Bessingby Hall (1031359)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Historic England. "Formerly Keeper's Cottage to Bessingby Hall (1083645)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Historic England. "The Pigeoncote to Bessingby Hall (1346531)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 3.
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