Bessie Watson

Elizabeth Watson (13 July 1900 – 27 June 1992) was a Scottish child suffragette and piper.

Bessie Watson
Photograph of Elizabeth Watson at the age of 9, holding a bagpipes and wearing a scarf that says "Votes for women"
Elizabeth Watson, aged nine
Born(1900-07-13)13 July 1900
Vennel, Edinburgh, Scotland
Died27 June 1992(1992-06-27) (aged 91)
Edinburgh, Scotland
NationalityScottish
OccupationSchool teacher
Known forScottish child suffragette and piper
Parents
  • Horatio Watson (father)
  • Agnes Newton (mother)
The Great Procession and Women's Demonstration", 1909 on Princes Street, Edinburgh
The Great Procession and Women's Demonstration", 1909 on Princes Street, Edinburgh

Early lifeEdit

Watson was born at 11 Vennel, Edinburgh on 13 July 1900, the daughter of Agnes Newton and Horatio Watson,[1] a bookbinder for George Watson's printing company.[2] Watson was encouraged to take up piping at the age of seven or eight as her parents hoped it would strengthen her lungs against tuberculosis after her aunt Margaret died of the disease.[1][3] Her first set of pipes was a half sized set made by Robertson, the pipe maker.[2]

Involvement with suffragette campaignEdit

After seeing an advert for a pageant of historical Scottish women organised by Flora Drummond and the Women's Social and Political Union, Watson and her mother joined the WSPU and Watson, at the age of 9, was invited to play the pipes in the pageant.[1][2] The procession, which celebrated ‘What women have done and can and will do'[4] took place in Edinburgh on 9 October 1909 and marched down Princes Street before gathering for a rally led by Emmeline Pankhurst at Waverley Market.[3] Watson rode on a float beside a woman dressed as Isabella McDuff, Countess of Buchan in her cage.[1] Several weeks later when Christabel Pankhurst came to Edinburgh to attend a meeting in the King's Theatre, she presented Watson with a brooch depicting Boudica in her chariot. In 1979 Bessie gave this brooch to Margaret Thatcher, the first women to be elected as Prime Minister[5] of the UK.

Two years after the pageant Watson was invited to lead the Scottish 'lady' pipers at the Great Pageant in London on 17 June 1911.[1][3] Later the same year, when King George V came to Edinburgh on a state visit, Watson led the 2nd Edinburgh Company of the Girl Guides and was recognised by the King as she raised the salute.[3]

Watson continued to be actively involved in the Suffragette movement and wore hair ribbons in the colours of the Suffragette campaign to school.[1][2] She played the pipes on the platform of Waverley Station as trains departed taking convicted women's rights campaigners to Holloway Prison,[3] and she piped outside Calton Jail to encourage the Suffragettes imprisoned there.[6]

A century later this location is now St Andrew's House, home of the Scottish Ministers and civil servants. Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon on 1 August 2019 unveiled a memorial plaque to Watson at her home in the Vennel, saying "I go into work in the morning to the place where Bessie would have played and knowing that I go in there now as the first woman to be First Minister of Scotland."[7]

Piping careerEdit

Watson became the only female member of the Highland Piper's Society at the age of 14, and won a number of piping awards.[1] She also founded the Broughton School Pipe Band, which she led for 27 years.[1] Watson continued to play the pipes daily into her late 80s.[3]

Watson studied French at the University of Edinburgh, and taught violin and modern languages in schools across the city. In 1926 Watson moved to Trinity, Edinburgh with her parents,[3] and in 1945, at the end of World War II, she married John Somerville an electrical contractor.[1]

Watson died in Edinburgh in 1992, two weeks before her 92nd birthday.[3] She left her autobiography, practice chanter and pipes to the College of Piping in Glasgow.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i The biographical dictionary of Scottish women : from the earliest times to 2004. Ewan, Elizabeth., Innes, Sue., Reynolds, Sian. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 2006. ISBN 0748626603. OCLC 367680960.CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. ^ a b c d "Our Town Stories". Ourtownstories.co.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "The incredible story of Bessie Watson: the youngest suffragette". Scotsman.com. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Bessie, the youngest Suffragette « Whose Town?". Blogs.glowscotland.org.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  5. ^ 1965-, Johnson, Marguerite (2012). Boudicca. London: Bristol Classical Press. ISBN 978-1853997327. OCLC 780273355.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "Suffragette Scotland: The women who fought for change". Stv.tv. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Nicola Sturgeon unveils Edinburgh Vennel plaque to honour 'youngest suffragette' Bessie Watson". Edinburghnews.scotsman.com. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Bessie Watson, the young suffragette piper | The College of Piping". Collegeofpiping.org. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018.

External linksEdit