Bertrand "Bert" Arthur Patenaude (//; November 4, 1909 – November 4, 1974) was an American soccer player who played as a forward. Although it was formerly disputed, he is now officially credited by FIFA as scorer of the first hat-trick in the World Cup history. He is a member of the United States Soccer Hall of Fame.
|Full name||Joseph Bertrand Arthur Patenaude|
|Date of birth||November 4, 1909|
|Place of birth||Fall River, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|Date of death||November 4, 1974(aged 65)|
|Place of death||Fall River, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|1928||Philadelphia Field Club||8||(6)|
|1928||→ J&P Coats||1||(0)|
|1928–1931||Fall River Marksmen||114||(112)|
|1930||→ Newark Americans (loan)||5||(7)|
|1934–1936||St. Louis Central Breweries||24||(21)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Born in Massachusetts in 1909, Patenaude began playing in the competitive local leagues in his hometown of Fall River, Massachusetts. In 1928, he signed his first professional contract with Philadelphia Field Club of the American Soccer League. In his eight games with Philadelphia, he scored six goals. Despite this productivity, he moved to J&P Coats for one league game, then moved again to his hometown Fall River Marksmen. He remained in Fall River until the summer of 1930, winning the 1930 National Challenge Cup before moving to the Newark Americans. He scored seven goals in five games at the start of the 1930–1931 season, but found himself back with the Marksmen for the end of the season. In 1931, Fall River merged with the New York Soccer Club to form the New York Yankees. However, Fall River had already begun playing National Cup games. Therefore, while the Yankees won the National Cup, the records show the winner as Fall River. In the cup championship, Patenaude scored five goals in the Yankees' 6–2 first game victory over Chicago's Bricklayers and Masons F.C. Patenaude remained with the Yankees through the spring of 1931. In the fall of 1931, he played with the New York Giants.
The ASL was collapsing by the fall of 1931 and records are incomplete, but it appears that in 1933, Patenaude signed with the Philadelphia German-Americans of the second American Soccer League. In 1934, Patenaude moved west to sign with St. Louis Central Breweries of the St. Louis Soccer League, at that point the only professional league in the country. Central Breweries, stocked with future Hall of Famers, won the league and 1935 National Challenge Cup titles. In 1935, Central Breweries left the league, became an independent team and lost the sponsorship of the brewery. Patenaude remained with the team, now called the St. Louis Shamrocks. In 1936, the Shamrocks went to the National Cup final before falling to the Philadelphia German-Americans.
In 1936, Patenaude returned east where he played one season with Philadelphia Passon of the ASL before he disappeared from the professional scene. Patenaude returned to Fall River and worked in painting and carpentry until his death in 1974.
In 1930, Patenaude was called into the U.S. national team for the 1930 FIFA World Cup. In that cup, he scored a goal in the U.S. opener against Belgium, then a hat trick in the 3–0 victory over Paraguay. Following the U.S. elimination by Argentina in the semifinals, the U.S. went on an exhibition tour of South America, ending with a 4–3 loss to Brazil in which Patenaude scored his sixth and final U.S. goal and never again appeared with the national setup.
Patenaude's record of four goals in one World Cup remains the standard for an American player. Additionally, his total stood as the all-time career mark for an American player until Landon Donovan notched his third, fourth, and fifth career World Cup goals at the 2010 edition.
World Cup hat-trickEdit
Patenaude's historic day came on July 17, 1930, as the United States played Paraguay in the inaugural World Cup. Patenaude scored the opening goal in the tenth minute. A second goal in the fifteenth minute had been credited several different ways: as an own goal by Aurelio González (according to the RSSSF), a regular goal by the U.S.'s Tom Florie (according to the official FIFA match record), or as Patenaude's second goal (according to the United States Soccer Federation). A fiftieth-minute goal by Patenaude gave the U.S. a 3–0 win over the South Americans.
The dispute and discrepancies over the second goal had led to confusion over the first-ever World Cup hat-trick, as Argentina's Guillermo Stábile scored one against Mexico just two days after the U.S.-Paraguay game. However, FIFA announced on November 10, 2006, that Patenaude was the first person to score a hat-trick in World Cup play, confirming that he scored all three goals.
Patenaude was inducted into the U.S. Soccer Hall of Fame in 1971. He died in Fall River on his sixty-fifth birthday.
United States' goal tally first
|1.||July 13, 1930||Estadio Gran Parque Central, Montevideo, Uruguay||Belgium||3–0||3–0||1930 FIFA World Cup|
|2.||July 17, 1930||Estadio Gran Parque Central, Montevideo, Uruguay||Paraguay||1–0||3–0||1930 FIFA World Cup|
|5.||August 17, 1930||Estádio das Laranjeiras, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||Brazil||1–2||3–4||Friendly|
- Fall River Marksmen
- St. Louis Central Breweries
- United States
- Williams, Jack (July 19, 2015). "Bert Patenaude, the forgotten hero who scored the first ever World Cup hat-trick". The Guardian. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- Jose, Colin (June 25, 1998). The American Soccer League: The Golden Years of American Soccer 1921-1931 - Colin Jose. ISBN 9781461716129. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- Litterer, Dave; Goloboy, Jim (July 16, 2015). "U.S. Open Cup at RSSSF". Archived from the original on December 24, 2010. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
-  Archived October 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Fall River's Bert Patenaude had World Cup's first hat trick". Sports.espn.go.com. December 7, 2010. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- "The 10 Most Significant Goals In U.S. Soccer History: Bert Patenaude | Longform". SI.com. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- Helms, Andrew (July 1, 2014). "USA-Belgium: Reliving the USMNT's Wild Run in the 1930 World Cup". The New Republic. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- "American Bert Patenaude credited with first hat trick in FIFA World Cup™ history". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. July 15, 2015. Archived from the original on April 15, 2014. Retrieved July 22, 2015.