Bernau am Chiemsee

Bernau am Chiemsee (written Bernau a.Chiemsee) is a municipality in the district of Rosenheim in Germany on the Lake Chiemsee, and a Luftkurort.

Bernau am Chiemsee
Aerial view
Aerial view
Coat of arms of Bernau am Chiemsee
Location of Bernau am Chiemsee within Rosenheim district
Bernau am Chiemsee in RO.svg
Bernau am Chiemsee is located in Germany
Bernau am Chiemsee
Bernau am Chiemsee
Bernau am Chiemsee is located in Bavaria
Bernau am Chiemsee
Bernau am Chiemsee
Coordinates: 47°49′N 12°22′E / 47.817°N 12.367°E / 47.817; 12.367Coordinates: 47°49′N 12°22′E / 47.817°N 12.367°E / 47.817; 12.367
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberbayern
DistrictRosenheim
Government
 • Mayor (2020–26) Irene Biebl-Daiber[1] (CSU)
Area
 • Total26.70 km2 (10.31 sq mi)
Elevation
544 m (1,785 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total6,932
 • Density260/km2 (670/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
83233
Dialling codes08051
Vehicle registrationRO
Websitewww.bernau-am-chiemsee.de

GeographyEdit

 
Bernau am Chiemsee (centre of picture)

TopographyEdit

The Luftkurort Bernau lies in the Chiemgau area at the south-western bank of the lake Chiemsee. Bernau is close to the Bundesautobahn 8 (A 8) MunichSalzburg and the Rosenheim–Salzburg railway. In the south are the Chiemgau Alps (German: Chiemgauer Alpen) with the prominent summit, the Kampenwand. In the east is vast bogland, where peat used to be harvested in large quantities. An old rail station for the transportation of peat in the bog area Kendlmühlfilzen reminds of these times. Rosenheim is 24km away, Munich 83km, Kufstein 35km, Traunstein 26km, Salzburg 58km and Reit im Winkl 25km.

Bernau has a bathing beach, boat hire as well as mooring for the Chiemsee-Schifffahrt at its shore. It is possible to reach the island Herreninsel directly from here.

The cycling route (Uferrundweg) around the lake Chiemsee also passes through one of Bernau's districts called Felden.

Neighbouring municipalityEdit

Neighbouring municipalities clockwise are Übersee, Grassau, Aschau, Frasdorf and Prien.

Community organisationEdit

There are the following land plots of the municipality, also called Gemarkungen: Bernau a. Chiemsee, Hittenkirchen. The municipality Bernau am Chiemsee has 38 districts:[3]

HistoryEdit

Before the establishment of the municipalityEdit

Bernau am Chiemsee belonged to the count Grafen von Preysing. However, it was also part of the Electorate of Bavaria. Bernau was a part of the rule of Hohenaschau which was equipped with the right of Blutgerichtsbarkeit. Today's municipality came into being in the course of the administrative reforms in Bavaria by the edict of 1818 (Gemeindeedikt von 1818).

During the time of ancient rome Bernau was a popular resort for soldiers because of its convenient and healthy location. The outlines of a villa rustica were found here. This indicates the existence of an Roman bath. A Roman tombstone was also found.[4]

The emperor Maximilian I. stayed in Bernau during his campaign against the castle Burg Marquartstein in Oktober 1504. This has been noted on a board at the guesthouse Gasthof zum alten Wirt.

IncorporationEdit

On 1st Mai 1978 parts of the dissolved municipality Hittenkirchen were incorporated.[5]

Population developmentEdit

Between 1988 and 2018, the municipality grew from 5,073 to 6,980 by 1,907 inhabitants or alternatively by 37.6%.

Population development
Year 1840 1900 1925 1950 1961 1970 1987 1991 1995 2001 2005 2010 2015
Population 843 1089 1474 3606 3788 3792 4859 5802 6176 6612 6727 7129 6811
 
Interior view of the church
St. Laurentius during Sunday mass
 
Road in the centre of the village. The church St. Laurentius can be seen in the background.

ReligionEdit

The majority of the population in Bernau is catholic. Service takes place in the church St. Laurentius which belongs to the catholic parish of Bernau. The district Hittenkirchen has its own village church.

PoliticsEdit

Municipal councilEdit

20 honorary council members together with the full-time mayor make up the municipal council of Bernau am Chiemsee. The composition of this council following the local elections in 2014 is as follows

2014 2008 2002
Total of seats 20 20 20
CSU 8 10 10
Bernauer Liste 3 3 3
SPD 2 2 3
Greens 4 2 -
Wählergruppe ÜWG 2 2 2
Wählergruppe WMG 1 1 2


MayorEdit

Term 1. Mayor 2. Mayor 3. Mayor
2002–2014 Klaus Daiber (CSU)
2014– Philipp Bernhofer (Bernauer Liste) Gerhard Jell (CSU) Alexander Herkner (SPD)[6]

Local authority financesEdit

In 2010 the municipal tax revenue was 4,745,000 Euro, 1,676,000 Euro of which were trade tax revenues (net).

Coat of arms and flagEdit

Blazon: „In Silber über einem mit zwei durchgehenden silbernen Wellenbalken belegten blauen Dreiberg eine grüne Hausmarke, bestehend aus Kreuzkopfvierfußschaft mit erhöhter linker Mittelkreuzstrebe, Vierfuß hintenendig gekreuzt.“ (Silver, at the bottom a blue trimount, with two continuous silver waves going through the mount and above a green House mark consisting of a complex pattern.)

The house mark belongs to the innkeeper family Seiser, who have played an important role in the municipality since the end of the 15th century. The green colour has been freely selected. The trimount alludes to the Aschauer coat of arms who Bernau used to belong to, however, it also stands for the mountains in the Chiemgau area. The waves stand for the position of the town close to lake Chiemsee. The coat of arms was designed by the engineer and designer Hugo Decker and was approved by the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior in 1956.[7]

The flag is striped green, white and blue.[7]

Economy and infrastructureEdit

EconomyEdit

In 2010, according to government statistics, there were 281 employees who were subject to social insurance in the manufacturing industry and 338 employees subject to social insurance in the trade and traffic industry in Bernau. 590 employees subject to social insurance were employed in other economic sectors. Altogether there were 1856 employees subject to social insurance. In the manufacturing sector there were three businesses, and in the building industry proper eight. Furthermore, there were 57 farms with an agricultural land of altogether 1394 hectares, of which 1250 hectares were fields not used for agriculture.

BusinessesEdit

A branch of the company ‘Bavaria Yachts’ is located in Bernau. Furthermore, the specialist clinic Medical Park Chiemseeblick is located in the district Felden.

TrafficEdit

 
Train station building Bernau a Chiemsee
  • Rail traffic: Bernau am Chiemsee is one of the stops (German: Haltepunkt) on the Rosenheim–Salzburg railway route which is part of the main route MunichSalzburgVienna. The train station has two train tracks and two side platforms and were opened together with the railway route on 7th May 1860. In 2003, the train station building was modernised and now also includes a kiosk. There is also the Chiemseeringlinie a bus service with cycle compartment that drives to designated stops in towns and villages around the lake Chiemsee during the summer. During this time, the Chiemsee-Schifffahrt also moors in Felden.
  • road traffic: In the north west lies the Autobahn access point Autobahnanschlussstelle 106 Bernau of the Autobahn A 8 that crosses here with the main road Bundesstraße 305.

EducationEdit

In 2010 there were the following educational institutions:

  • Three nurseries with 200 places which were visited by 171 children.
  • A primary school with 10 teacher that teach 178 pupils in eight school classes.

The school teaches grades 1-4 and there are two school classes for each grade.

SportEdit

There are many sport facilities in Bernau that allows to try out many different disciplines. These include football, basketball, tennis, paddleball, volleyball, boccia, beach volleyball, beach soccer, ballooning, biking in the mountains, downhill, skiing, snowboarding and other winter sports, as well as hiking, climbing, Nordic walking, ice skating, squash, windsurfing, surfing, sailing, water sports and many other water sports. Furthermore, there are three shooting clubs where it is possible to practice shooting with airguns and air pistols.

Bernau is home to one of the biggest indoor tennis courts in Germany, as well as one of two place in Germany for the new tennis discipline called Padel. There is also a DAV indoor climbing gym. DAV stands for [German Alpine Club] (German: for Deutscher Alpenverein). There are beach volleyball and beach soccer courts at the lake. The lake also offers many opportunities for different water disciplines. Ballooning is offered in the district of Hittenkirchen, as well as in Bernau itself.

TourismEdit

 
View of settlement Hittenkirchen and the lake Chiemsee with its islands Herrenchiemsee

Bernau is a popular place for tourists due to its tranquillity and its proximity to large cities such as Munich and Salzburg. Popular tourist spots apart from the lake Chiemsee are the castle Bonnschlössl, the guesthouse Gasthof alter Wirt and the Torfbahnhof, an old rail station for the transportation of peat. There are also many typical Bavarian mountain pastures that are still being run.

There is a tourist information office in the Chiemseepark Bernau-Felden.

Wellness and rehabilitation clinicEdit

  • Medical-Park Chiemsee (a recognized rehabilitation clinic with the specialist areas orthopaedics, traumatology and sports medicine). The clinic is housed in a building which used to be an old Autobahn service area building called Rasthaus am Chiemsee.

Special buildingsEdit

  • Parish Church St. Laurentius
  • Mediaeval church St. Bartholomäus im Ortsteil Hittenkirchen
  • Hotel Bonnschlössl
  • Guesthouse Gasthof Alter Wirt
  • Water tower in Bergham
  • War memorial im Hittenkirchen
  • Statues "Griechische Weisen" in the school yard of the primary school in Bernau
  • Pillar "Seisersäule" at the entrance to the Catholic parish church St. Laurentius
  • Former Autobahn service area building Rasthaus am Chiemsee
  • Museum of the old peat train station Torfbahnhof
  • The prison in Bernau (Justizvollzugsanstalt Bernau) can accommodate about 850 inmates and is therefore one of the largest prisons in Bavaria.
  • Wayside chapel in Aufing
  • Forest chapel near Hitzelsberg
  • Place of prayer Mariengrotte in Kraimoos
  • Chapel near Kalvarienberg/Hitzelsberg

Well-known personalities born in BernauEdit

  • Hugo Decker (1899–1985), member of the German Bundestag MdB (Bavaria Party), Parliamentary leader of the Föderalistische Union (1951–1953)
  • Raimund Eberle (1929–2007), jurist and chief administrator (Regierungspräsident) of Upper Bavaria from 1975 to 1994
  • Wilfried Klaus (born 1941), actor

Well-known personalities buried in BernauEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, 15 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Tabellenblatt "Daten 2", Statistischer Bericht A1200C 202041 Einwohnerzahlen der Gemeinden, Kreise und Regierungsbezirke". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik (in German). June 2021.
  3. ^ "Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online (BLO)".
  4. ^ Joseph von Hefner: Das römische Bayern in seinen Schrift- und Bildmalen. Munich 1852, p. 195 (online).
  5. ^ Statistisches Bundesamt (German federal bureau of statistics, ed. (1983), Historisches Gemeindeverzeichnis für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Namens-, Grenz- und Schlüsselnummernänderungen bei Gemeinden, Kreisen und Regierungsbezirken vom 27. 5. 1970 bis 31. 12. 1982 (in German), Stuttgart/Mainz: Kohlhammer Verlag, ISBN 3-17-003263-1CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  6. ^ "Grußwort der Ersten Bürgermeisterin".
  7. ^ a b Hugo Decker: Die Wappen der Gemeinde Bernau. In: Bernauer Heimatkreis (Hrsg.): Heimatbuch der Gemeinde Bernau am Chiemsee. Bernau am Chiemsee 1991, S.57.

External linksEdit