Bruce Bernard Weatherill, Baron Weatherill, KStJ, PC, DL (25 November 1920 – 6 May 2007), was a British Conservative Party politician who served as Speaker of the House of Commons between 1983 and 1992.
The Lord Weatherill
Weatherill's official portrait as Speaker, by Norman Blamey (1986)
|Speaker of the House of Commons|
15 June 1983 – 9 April 1992
|Preceded by||George Thomas|
|Succeeded by||Betty Boothroyd|
|Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons|
Chairman of Ways and Means
10 May 1979 – 11 June 1983
|Preceded by||Oscar Murton|
|Succeeded by||Harold Walker|
|Treasurer of the Household|
2 December 1973 – 4 March 1974
|Prime Minister||Edward Heath|
|Preceded by||Humphrey Atkins|
|Succeeded by||Walter Harrison|
|Comptroller of the Household|
7 April 1972 – 2 December 1973
|Prime Minister||Edward Heath|
|Preceded by||Reginald Eyre|
|Succeeded by||Walter Clegg|
|Vice-Chamberlain of the Household|
17 October 1971 – 7 April 1972
|Prime Minister||Edward Heath|
|Preceded by||Jasper More|
|Succeeded by||Walter Clegg|
|Member of the House of Lords|
15 July 1992 – 6 May 2007
|Member of Parliament |
for Croydon North East
15 October 1964 – 9 April 1992
|Preceded by||John Hughes-Hallett|
|Succeeded by||David Congdon|
|Born||25 November 1920|
London, England, UK
|Died||6 May 2007 (aged 86)|
Caterham, Surrey, UK
|Political party||Crossbencher (1992–2007) |
Conservative (until 1983)
|Relations||Alan Lovell (son-in-law)|
He was the son of Bernard Bruce Weatherill (1883–1962) and Annie Gertrude née Creak (1886–1966). He married Lyn Eatwell (1928–) in 1949 and they had three children: Bernard Richard, QC (born 1951), Henry Bruce (born 1953) and Virginia (born 1955). Weatherill was known as "Jack", while his twin sister (baptismal name Margery) was called "Jill".
After attending Malvern College, he was apprenticed at age 17 as a tailor to the family firm Bernard Weatherill Ltd, Sporting Tailors, later of 5 Savile Row. He became Director (1948), Managing Director (1958), and Chairman (1967) of the business. After it merged with Kilgour French & Stanbury Ltd., Tailors in 1969, he became Chairman of the combined firm. He resumed his role with the company after his retirement from the House of Commons in 1992, as President until the firm was acquired by others in 2003. Some of the clothes he designed are in the Victoria and Albert Museum and other museum collections.
Following his mother's advice, he always carried his tailoring thimble in his pocket as a reminder of his trade origins and the need for humility, no matter how high one rises. He said that he desired his epitaph to be "He always kept his word."
He was a member of three City of London Livery Companies: the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors, the Worshipful Company of Blacksmiths, and the Worshipful Company of Gold and Silver Wyre Drawers.
Weatherill enlisted as a private in the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry of the British Army a few days after the start of World War II. He was commissioned into the 4th/7th Dragoon Guards in May 1941 and reached the rank of captain three years after that. He was attached to 19th King George V's Own Lancers, Indian Army, after being posted to Burma.
While on active service, Weatherill spent time in Bengal, where he embraced the local culture, including learning Urdu and taking up meditation. In response to having witnessed the Bengal famine of 1943, he became a vegetarian.
Weatherill was discharged from the Army in 1946, having served for seven years.
Member of ParliamentEdit
He was elected Member of Parliament on 15 October 1964 for Croydon North East as a Conservative. He became a party whip only three years later, and deputy Chief Whip six years after that. He was re-elected seven times for the same seat until his retirement in 1992.
From October 1971 to April 1973, Weatherill was Vice-Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, an office usually held by a Government whip, as Weatherill then was. He wrote a letter (hand-carried by messenger, or sent by telegram) to the Queen at the end of each day the House of Commons met, describing the debates, reactions, and political gossip. His letters are believed to have been more entertaining than the debates themselves.
In 1979, Weatherill played a critical role in the defeat of the Labour government in a vote of confidence. As the vote loomed, Labour's deputy Chief Whip, Walter Harrison, approached Weatherill to enforce the convention and gentleman's agreement that if a sick MP from the Government could not vote, an MP from the Opposition would abstain to compensate. The Labour MP Alfred Broughton was on his deathbed and could not vote, meaning the Government would probably lose by one vote. Weatherill said that the convention had never been intended for such a critical vote that meant the life or death of the Government and it would be impossible to find a Conservative MP who would agree to abstain. However, after a moment's reflection, he offered that he would abstain, because he felt it would be dishonourable to break his word to Harrison. Harrison was so impressed by Weatherill's offer - which would have effectively ended his political career - that he released Weatherill from his obligation, and the Government fell by one vote.
Speaker of the House of CommonsEdit
He was Speaker of the House of Commons from 1983 to 1992. As Speaker at the time television cameras were first allowed to cover proceedings in the House of Commons, he became widely known due to broadcasts of Prime Minister's Questions.
He was the last Speaker to wear a wig while in the chair. He commented that the wig is a wonderful device that allows the Speaker to pretend not to hear some things. He enforced the rights of Parliament to be publicly told of government policies before they were announced to the press or elsewhere. A portrait of him by Robin-Lee Hall hangs in Portcullis House.
He stood down in 1992, and was made a life peer on 15 July 1992 taking the title Baron Weatherill, of North East Croydon in the London Borough of Croydon. As is customary for former Speakers, the government put before the House of Commons an address to the Queen, asking that Weatherill be appointed a peer as a mark of "royal favour". Given a rare opportunity to discuss constitutional arrangements relating to the monarch and the Upper House, left-wing members of Parliament forced a debate on the petition.
In 1993, he was elected alternate Convenor of the Crossbench Peers, and was a convenor from 1995 until 1999. In the House of Lords he made a major contribution to the House of Lords Act 1999 by stitching together the compromise that allowed a limited number of hereditary peers to remain as members.
In 1989, he succeeded Lord Blake as High Bailiff and Searcher of the Sanctuary of Westminster Abbey. He resigned both of those offices at the end of 1998 in protest at the manner in which the Dean and Chapter dealt with terminating the employment of the organist. He was succeeded by Sir Roy Strong.
He was Vice-Chancellor of the British charitable Order of St John of Jerusalem from 1983 to 2000, and was a knight of the Order from 1992.
He was a member of the European Reform Forum.
Weatherill was an advocate of vegetarianism and appeared at the first Vegetarian Rally in Hyde Park in 1990, alongside Tony Benn. He once stated, "as a life long vegetarian I believe that since man cannot give life he has no moral right to take it away".
- "Suit - Bernard Weatherill - V&A Search the Collections". collections.vam.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- "London College of Fashion collection". Archived from the original on 1 November 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- "No. 35186". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 June 1941. p. 3314.
- "Jeremy Corbyn and other famous vegetarian politicians". BBC News. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- "Bernard Weatherill Papers - Special Collections & Archives - University of Kent". www.kent.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- The Night the Government Fell, BBC archive on the 1979 vote of confidence, audio interview of Weatherill and Harrison
- "No. 48059". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 January 1980. p. 287.
- "Taking on Prime Minister Thatcher". 24 December 2003. Retrieved 17 January 2018 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
- "Artwork - Speaker Bernard Weatherill". UK Parliament. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- "Robin-Lee Hall - The Home of Artist Robin-Lee Hall". www.robinleehall.co.uk. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- "No. 52994". The London Gazette. 20 July 1992. p. 12176.
- "Mr. Speaker Weatherill (Retirement)". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 19 May 1992. col. 156–161.
- Domains | NewNet plc Archived 8 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- ABC. "Westminster Abbey and Wesley Carr - An archive relating to Westminster Abbey and Dean Wesley Carr". wabbey-affairs.tripod.com. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- Young Indian Vegetarians Issue 50 - Page 8 Archived 10 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Ex-Speaker Lord Weatherill dies". 7 May 2007. Retrieved 17 January 2018 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
- "EPR Architects Bernard weatherill house". EPR Architects. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- Macalister, Terry (6 September 2007). "The Friday interview: Alan Lovell". the Guardian. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bernard Weatherill.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Bernard Weatherill
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Croydon North East
1964 – 1992
| Chairman of Ways and Means
1979 – 1983
| Speaker of the House of Commons
1983 – 1992
| Convenor of the Crossbench Peers
1995 – 1999
The Lord Craig
| Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
1971 – 1972
| Comptroller of the Household
1972 – 1973
| Treasurer of the Household
1973 – 1974