The Berlin Process is a diplomatic initiative linked to the future enlargement of the European Union. It started with the 2014 Conference of Western Balkan States, Berlin, followed by the 2015 Vienna Summit, 2016 Paris Summit and the 2017 Trieste Summit. The last conference was held in July 2018 in London. The Berlin Process was initiated in order to consolidate and keep the dynamics in EU integration process in the light of increased euroscepticism and 5-year stoppage of expansion announced by Commission President Jean Claude Juncker.
Participating non-EU statesParticipating EU states Rest of the EU
|Formation||August 28, 2014|
The Berlin Process is an intergovernmental cooperation initiative aimed at revitalizing the multilateral ties between the Western Balkans and selected EU member states, and at improving regional cooperation in the Western Balkans on the issues of infrastructural and economic development. It is one of the flagship German diplomatic initiatives of the Third Merkel cabinet concerning South-East Europe, together with country-specific ones (e.g. the German-British diplomatic initiative for Bosnia and Herzegovina's EU accession).
The initiative includes six Western Balkan countries that are candidates for EU membership (Montenegro, Serbia, North Macedonia, Albania) or potential candidates (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo) and some EU members, i.e.: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Greece, Germany, Italy, Poland, Slovenia and the United Kingdom.
- 2014 Conference of Western Balkan States, Berlin
- 2015 Western Balkans Summit, Vienna
- 2016 Western Balkans Summit, Paris
- 2017 Western Balkans Summit, Trieste
- 2018 Western Balkans Summit, London
- Future enlargement of the European Union
- Belgrade–Pristina negotiations