He was born on 5 March 1807 in Earl's Ditton, Shropshire, the son of Beriah Botfield (brother of Thomas Botfield, F.R.S.) of Norton Hall, Northamptonshire, (died 1813) and Charlotte, daughter of William Withering. He was educated at Harrow School and then Christ Church, Oxford University, graduating BA in 1828.
He inherited the family's extensive coal mining and ironmaking business, which was based in Shropshire. Perhaps not so surprisingly, Beriah Botfield entered into political affairs.
In 1840, Beriah was elected as a Member of Parliament for Ludlow in a by-election and held the seat until a defeat in the 1847 general election. He did manage to regain the position when he was re-elected in 1857, and continued to serve until his death in 1863. In 1858, he had erected a stone cross near the Wales–England border on Shadwell Hill, to commemorate a pedlar named William Cantlin who was robbed and murdered there in 1691.
Botfield was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in January 1839. He was president of the British Archaeological Association. He was made a knight of the Order of Albert the Brave of Saxony for presenting a collection of British minerals to the royal collection at Dresden and a knight of the Order of Leopold (Belgium) after presenting a taxidermy collection of British birds to Brussels Natural History Museum. 
In his will he left a considerable bequest to the Institution of Civil Engineers, and his collections of early printed and colour plate books and paintings, mainly Dutch landscapes to the Marquess of Bath, with whose family he claimed tenuous links. Most of the collections remained at Longleat.
Beriah was a well known bibliographer who set up a private printing press at his home in Norton Hall. Among the works which he printed there was an anonymous Journal of a Tour through the Highlands of Scotland (1830). temmata Botevilliana (1843) was printed for a private collection, then much enlarged and presented to the general public in 1858, as an account of the family of Boteville or Botfield. The issue of Bibliotheca Hearniana—excerpts from the Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Hearne (1848) was afterwards reprinted in the Reliquiæ Hearnianæ (1869 ed.).
On 21 October 1858, Beriah married Isabella Leighton in Alberbury, Shropshire. She was the daughter of Sir Baldwin Leighton, the Seventh Baronet, who was also a Conservative party politician. They had no children.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 4)
- "Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh" (PDF). Royalsoced.org.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 September 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- "Beriah Botfield". Gracesguide.co.uk. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 193. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Riyal Society. Retrieved 19 December 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Courtney 1886.
- Gladstone, E.W. (1953). The Shropshire Yeomanry 1795-1945, The Story of a Volunteer Cavalry Regiment. The Whitethorn Press. p. 45.
- Keeling-Roberts, Margaret (1981). In Retrospect, A Short History of the Royal Salop Infirmary. North Shropshire Printing Company. p. xii. ISBN 0-9507849-0-7.
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 6. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 754. ISBN 0-19-861356-3.Article by W.P. Courtney revised by A.S.G. Edwards.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Courtney, William Prideaux (1886). "Botfield, Beriah". In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 5. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 443–444.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Beriah Botfield
- Botfield Family Archive, John Rylands Library, University of Manchester
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Ludlow
1840 – 1847
With: Henry Salwey to 1841
James Ackers from 1841
Henry Bayley Clive
Percy Egerton Herbert
Lord William Powlett
| Member of Parliament for Ludlow
With: Percy Egerton Herbert to 1860
George Windsor-Clive from 1860
Sir William Fraser