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The Bergse Maas (pre-1947 spelling: Bergsche Maas)[citation needed] is a canal that was constructed in 1904 to be a branch of the Maas River (French: Meuse) in the Dutch province of North Brabant. The Maas splits near Heusden into the Afgedamde Maas and the Bergse Maas. The Afgedamde Maas flows north until its confluence with the river Waal (the main distributary of the river Rhine) to form the Merwede, while the Bergse Maas continues west as the main distributary of the Maas. Part of the Merwede (the Nieuwe Merwede) rejoins the Bergse Maas to form the Hollands Diep estuary.

Bergse Maas
Bergsemaas.jpg
Keizersveer bridge across the Bergse Maas near Geertruidenberg; to the right, the mouth of the Oude Maasje.
Specifications
LocksNone
Maximum height above sea level7 ft (2.1 m)
StatusOpen
History
Former namesBergsche Maas
Modern nameBergse Maas
Date of first use1904
Date completed1904
Geography
Start pointRiver Meuse at Heusden
End pointAmer estuary at Geertruidenberg
Connects toRiver Donge, river Oude Maasje

HistoryEdit

Historically, a natural branch of the Maas flowed from Heusden to the Amer and Hollands Diep estuary; this branch silted up and now forms a stream called Oude Maasje. The Bergse Maas, which takes its name from the town of Geertruidenberg, was constructed in its basin to take over its functions, in 1904. The other main distributary of the Maas was at the same time dammed-up and renamed Afgedamde Maas ("Dammed-up Meuse"). The resulting separation of the rivers Rhine and Maas reduced the risk of flooding and is considered to be the greatest achievement in Dutch hydraulic engineering before the completion of the Zuiderzee Works and Delta Works.[1][2]

TransportEdit

There are two road bridges and three car ferries. The latter are free of charge for all trafic, as promised to the people living in the area when the Bergse Maas was dug[3].

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Van der Aalst & De Jongh (2004). Honderd Jaar Bergse Maas (in Dutch). Pictures Publishing. ISBN 90 73187 50 8.
  2. ^ Wols, Rien (2011). "De Uitvoering van de Maasmondingswerken". Brabants Historisch Informatie Centrum (in Dutch).
  3. ^ "Tarieven Bersche Maasveren". Bergsche Maasveren (in Dutch). 2019.

External linksEdit