The Bentinck family is a prominent family belonging to both Dutch and British nobility. Its members have served in the armed forces and as ambassadors and politicians, including Governor General of India and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. The family is related to the British Royal Family via Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's maternal Cavendish-Bentinck line.
|Country|| Netherlands, |
|Titles||Netherlands: Baron Bentinck, Count Bentinck†; HRE: Count Bentinck (Imperial Count); England: Baron Cirencester, Viscount Woodstock, Earl of Portland; Great Britain: Marquess of Titchfield†, Duke of Portland†.|
The name Bentinck is a patronymic variation of the Old Germanic name Bento. The family is originally from the East of the Netherlands, and is regarded as Uradel noble, or noble from earliest times. The oldest known ancestor is Johan Bentinck, who is mentioned in documents between 1343 and 1386 and owned land near Heerde.
An important British branch was founded by Hans Willem Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland who accompanied William Henry, Prince of Orange to England during the Glorious Revolution. The head of this line was initially given the title of Earl of Portland, later Duke of Portland.
In 1732 the title Graf (Count) Bentinck, of the Holy Roman Empire, was created for William Bentinck, son of the 1st Earl of Portland. A Royal Licence of 1886 was created which allowed the use of this title in England. The Royal Warrant of 27 April 1932 abolished the use of Foreign Titles in the United Kingdom, but extended the special allowance in 13 cases, including the Bentinck countly title "during the lives of the present holders, their heirs, and their heir's heir, provided such heir's heir is now in existence." That exception has now expired. Another branch with the title Count existed in the Netherlands, but died out in the male line.
The Lordship of In- and KniphausenEdit
The counts of Bentinck were sovereign rulers of the Lordship of In- and Kniphausen, a territory of two parts situated in and around what is today the city of Wilhelmshaven. Originally subject to Brussels, the general reorganization of the Holy Empire in 1803 (Reichsdeputationshauptschluss) granted Imperial immediacy until the dissolution of the Empire in 1806. It maintained a precarious independence until 1810, when France annexed it and the whole German North Sea coast in order to enforce the Continental System. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the Lordship was denied admittance to the German Confederation in deference to Tsar Alexander I, who wished to see the territory annexed by his cousin the Grand Duke of Oldenburg. Count Bentinck fought for his little state, however, and at the Congress of Aix-la-Chappelle in 1818, the Great Powers agreed that the Count's territory should be granted limited sovereignty. The Frankfurt Convention of July 10, 1819, recognized In- and Kniphausen as sovereign within its own borders, but under the protection of Oldenburg. The Treaty of Berlin on June 8, 1825, finalized the terms. In- and Kniphausen was permitted its own commercial flag, which its vessels bore on the high seas. Nevertheless, there was a long dispute between the Oldenburg and the Bentincks concerning the latter's inheritance. This dispute was not ended until 1854 with a settlement in which the Bentinck family renounced their sovereignty for financial compensation and certain property rights. After that date, the Counts of Bentinck claimed no further sovereignty over In- and Kniphausen. Even before this final settlement, Oldenburg and Prussia had negotiated the Treaty of Jade of 1853, in which Oldenburg agreed to sell 340 hectares of Kniphausen territory to Prussia as a naval station for its North Sea Fleet. This cession became the city of Wilhelmshaven.
The Dutch estate of the Bentinck family since the 16th century, Schoonheten House, is situated between the villages Heeten and Raalte in Overijssel. The area contains 5 square kilometres of forests and cultivated land. Nowadays, the family mainly earns its living by forestry, agriculture and renting holiday houses. The British branch of the family owns Bothal Castle (Bothal Estates) in Northumberland and Welbeck Abbey (Welbeck Estates), the ancestral seat of the Dukes of Portland in Nottinghamshire.
- Adolf Carel Bentinck van Nijenhuis (1764–1837), Dutch politician
- Alice Bentinck (born 1986), British entrepreneur
- Lady Anne Cavendish-Bentinck (1916–2008), British landowner, charity worker, art collector and horsewoman
- Arnold Adolf, Baron Bentinck van Nijenhuis (1798–1868), Dutch politician
- Berend Hendrik Bentinck tot Buckhorst (1753–1830), Dutch soldier and statesman
- Bernhard Bentinck (1877–1931), English cricketer
- Carel, Baron Bentinck (1751–1825), Lieutenant General in the Dutch army
- Cecilia Bowes-Lyon, née Cavendish-Bentinck (1862–1938), maternal grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II
- Lord Charles Bentinck (1780–1826), British soldier and politician
- Charles Cavendish-Bentinck (priest) (1817–1865), Church of England clergyman
- Charles Donald Bentinck (1866–1940), Presbyterian minister of Dornoch Cathedral, Scotland
- Sir Charles Henry Bentinck (1879–1955), British diplomat who, after retirement, became an Anglican priest
- Charlotte Sophie Bentinck née Aldenburg (1715–1800), ruling Countess of Varel and Kniphausen (now within Germany)
- Lord George Bentinck (1802–1848), British politician and racehorse owner
- Hendrik Bentinck (1468–1538), Dutch steward of the Veluwe region, and diplomat
- Henry Bentinck, 1st Duke of Portland (1682–1726), Dutch-born British politician and colonial statesman
- Lord Henry Bentinck (1804–1870), British politician
- Henry Bentinck, 11th Earl of Portland (1919–1997), British Army officer and non-conformist intellectual
- John Bentinck (1737–1775), Royal Navy captain, inventor and member of Parliament
- Judy Bentinck (born 1952), British milliner
- Louisa Cavendish-Bentinck (1832–1918), maternal great-grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II
- Lady Ottoline Morrell, née Cavendish-Bentinck (1873–1938), British society hostess
- Timothy Bentinck, 12th Earl of Portland (born 1953), British actor and writer
- Udo Bentinck (born 1940), Dutch judge
- Victor Cavendish-Bentinck, 9th Duke of Portland (1897–1990), British diplomat and businessman
- Willem Bentinck van Rhoon, 1st Count Bentinck (1704–1774), Dutch politician
- Willem Gustaaf Frederik Bentinck, 2nd Count Bentinck (1762–1835), Dutch politician
- William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland (1649–1709), Dutch general and diplomat; English peer from 1689
- William Bentinck, 2nd Duke of Portland (1709–1762), British peer
- William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland (1738–1809), British politician, twice Prime Minister (1783 & 1807–9)
- William Bentinck (Royal Navy officer) (1764–1813), Royal Navy admiral, Governor of St Vincent and the Grenadines
- William Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland (1768–1854), British politician
- Lord William Bentinck (1774–1839), British soldier and statesman, Governor-General of India
- William Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, 5th Duke of Portland (1800–1879), British aristocratic eccentric and recluse
- William George Cavendish-Bentinck (1854–1909), British Member of Parliament for Penryn and Falmouth 1886–1895
- William Cavendish-Bentinck, 6th Duke of Portland (1857–1943), British Conservative politician
- William Cavendish-Bentinck, 7th Duke of Portland (1893–1977), British Conservative politician
- William Bentinck, Viscount Woodstock (born 1984), English social entrepreneur and speaker
- Wolter Jan Gerrit Bentinck (1745–1781), Dutch naval hero
- Bentinck Island near Victoria, British Columbia at may have been named after Lord George Bentinck.
- North and South Bentinck Arms, inlets off Burke Channel, were named after William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland by Captain Vancouver in 1793.:48 North Bentinck Arm is significant in the history of Canada because it was here in 1793 that Sir Alexander Mackenzie completed the first recorded transcontinental crossing of North America by a European north of Mexico.
- HMS Bentinck, Royal Navy ships named after Captain John Bentinck.
- After Kaiser Wilhelm II fled to the Netherlands at the end of World War I, he was housed at Amerongen Castle, belonging to Count Bentinck.
- HMS Portland (F79) is a type 23 frigate (Duke class) named after the Dukes of Portland. It is the eighth ship to hold the title, but the first to be named after the Portland family, rather than Portland Harbour.[verification needed]
- Bentinck Street, near Cavendish Square in the West End of London, bears the family name.
- Bentinckia, a genus of palms named after Lord William Bentinck, Governor General of British India.
Arms of Aldenburg-Bentinck, Counts of the Holy Roman Empire
- Twiss, Travers: The Law of Nations Considered as Independent Political Communities, Oxford University Press, 1861, pages 30-32.
- Hertslet, Edward: The Map of Europe by Treaty, 1875, pages 723-726.
- The Dukedom of Portland became extinct upon the 9th Duke's death and the Earldom of Portland reverted to the male line of the 1st Earl of Portland with Henry Noel acceding as 11th Earl of Portland.
- "Bentinck Island". BC Geographical Names.
- Walbran, Captain John T. (1971), British Columbia Place Names, Their Origin and History (Facsimile reprint of 1909 ed.), Vancouver/Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, ISBN 0-88894-143-9, archived from the original on 3 March 2016, retrieved 13 July 2008
- Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, and Companionage. Kelly's Directories. 1884. p. 784. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
- Marek, Miroslav. "Bentinck Family tree". genealogy.euweb.cz.