Benoît Sinzogan (born July 14, 1930) is a Beninese military officer and politician, best known for leading his country's gendarmerie in the late 1960s. He was a member of the Fon ethnic group, which dominated the Beninese (then known as Dahomeyan) army from 1965 to 1967. After Maurice Kouandété usurped the presidency on December 17, Sinzogan was placed under house arrest until December 19. That day, Sinzogan was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs, his first political post, which he held until July 1968. He was a member of the Military Directorate, which ruled Dahomey from 1969-1970. Academic Samuel Decalo described the man as "too timid to mount a coup" during the 1960s and 1970s, being "one of Dahomey's few senior officers not to attempt to."[1]

Benoît Sinzogan
Foreign Minister of Benin
In office
December 19, 1967 – July 1968
Preceded byÉmile Zinsou
Succeeded byDauda Badaru
Member of the Military Directorate
In office
December 13, 1969 – May 7, 1970
Personal details
Born (1930-07-14) July 14, 1930 (age 89)
Abomey, Dahomey (now Benin)
Occupationmilitary officer

Military backgroundEdit

Sinzogan was born on July 14, 1930 in Abomey, Dahomey. He was a member of the Fon ethnic group, which dominated the Beninese (then known as Dahomeyan) army from 1965 to 1967. Sinzogan was General Christophe Soglo's aide and commander of the First Battalion in Cotonou.[2]

Sinzogan's rise to power occurred during a period of intense regionalism in Dahomey. They were spurred by the historical resentment shared by members of the former kingdoms of Abomey, Porto Novo, and disorganised tribes from the north.[3] Its result was the creation of three de facto tribal zones: the north, southeast, and southwest.[4] This regionalism permeated into the armed forces, compounded by divisions of officers into cliques based on education. Hachème was a member of what Decalo called the Abomey clique, which also included prominent offices Philippe Aho, Jean-Baptiste Hachème, and Benoit Adandejan.[5]

He was the original head of the Comité Militare de Vigilance when it was established on April 6, 1967, which was set up to administer President Christophe Soglo's regime. Maurice Kouandété was established as his vice president. As corruption began to seep in, the Comite lost its value.[6] After Kouandete usurped the presidency on December 17, Sinzogan was placed under house arrest at the Ghezo military camp[7] until December 19.[2]

Political careerEdit

That day, Sinzogan was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs, his first political post, which he held until July 1968. In September, he was named the leader of the national police. He held that office until August 1970, during which time he was given the post of president of the gendarmerie.[1]

On December 10, 1969, Kouandété staged another coup, against then-president Emile Derlin Zinsou. A Military Directorate was formed on December 13 to administer Dahomey in the aftermath.[8] Sinzogan was a member, the head of the ministries of Justice, Foreign Affairs, and Education. When Hubert Maga was proclaimed head of a Presidential Council on May 7, 1970, Sinzogan lost that post.[1]

Sinzogan was alternate judge of the military trial convened in 1972 to address an attempted coup that Kouandété tried to perpetrate. He handed the death penalty to Kouandété and two of his companions. In October, when Mathieu Kérékou seized power in a coup, Sinzogan was removed from the military and appointed commissioner of the National Society of the Development of the Forest (S.N.A.F.O.R.). Academic Samuel Decalo described the man as "too timid to mount a coup" during the 1960s and 1970s, being "one of Dahomey's few senior officers not to attempt to."[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Decalo 1976, p. 111.
  2. ^ a b Decalo 1976, p. 110.
  3. ^ Decalo 1973, p. 453.
  4. ^ Dossou-Yovo 1999, p. 60.
  5. ^ Decalo 1973, p. 471.
  6. ^ Decalo 1976, p. 38.
  7. ^ Associated Press (18 December 1967), "Army Leaders in Dahomey Oust the President and Take Power" (PDF), The New York Times, The New York Times Company, p. 1, retrieved 2009-01-06.
  8. ^ Decalo 1975, p. 86.

BibliographyEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Émile Zinsou
Foreign Minister of Benin
1967-1968
Succeeded by
Dauda Badaru
Preceded by
Dauda Badaru
Foreign Minister of Benin
1969-1970
Succeeded by
Dauda Badaru