Benny Golson (born January 25, 1929) is an American bebop/hard bop jazz tenor saxophonist, composer, and arranger. He came to prominence with the big bands of Lionel Hampton and Dizzy Gillespie, more as a writer than a performer, before launching his solo career. Golson is known for co-founding and co-leading The Jazztet with trumpeter Art Farmer in 1959. From the late 1960s through the 1970s Golson was in demand as an arranger for film and television and thus was less active as a performer, but he and Farmer re-formed the Jazztet in 1982.
|Born||January 25, 1929|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
|Genres||Jazz, bebop, hard bop|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, arranger|
While in high school in Philadelphia, Golson played with several other promising young musicians, including John Coltrane, Red Garland, Jimmy Heath, Percy Heath, Philly Joe Jones, and Red Rodney. After graduating from Howard University, Golson joined Bull Moose Jackson's rhythm and blues band; Tadd Dameron, whom Golson came to consider the most important influence on his writing, was Jackson's pianist at the time.
From 1953 to 1959, Golson played with Dameron's band and then with the bands of Lionel Hampton, Johnny Hodges, Earl Bostic, Dizzy Gillespie, and Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, with whom he recorded the classic Moanin' in 1958.
Golson was working with the Lionel Hampton band at the Apollo Theater in Harlem in 1956 when he learned that Clifford Brown, a noted and well-liked jazz trumpeter who had done a stint with him in Dameron's band, had died in a car accident. Golson was so moved by the event that he composed the threnody "I Remember Clifford", as a tribute to a fellow musician and friend.
In addition to "I Remember Clifford", many of Golson's other compositions have become jazz standards. Songs such as "Stablemates", "Killer Joe", "Whisper Not", "Along Came Betty", and "Are You Real?", have been performed and recorded numerous times by many musicians.
From 1959 to 1962, Golson co-led the Jazztet with Art Farmer. Golson then left jazz to concentrate on studio and orchestral work for 12 years. During this time he composed music for such television shows as Mannix, Ironside, Room 222, M*A*S*H, The Partridge Family and Mission: Impossible. He also formulated and conducted arrangements to various recordings, such as Eric Is Here, a 1967 album by Eric Burdon, which features five of Golson's arrangements, conducted by Golson.
During the mid-1970s, Golson returned to jazz playing and recording. Critic Scott Yannow of AllMusic wrote that Golson's sax style underwent a major shift with his performing comeback, more resembling avant-garde Archie Shepp than the swing-era Don Byas influence of Golson's youth. In 1982, Golson re-organized the Jazztet.
Golson made a cameo appearance in the 2004 movie The Terminal, related to his appearance in "A Great Day in Harlem", a group photograph of prominent jazz musicians. Main character Viktor Navorski (Tom Hanks) travels to the US from Europe to obtain Golson's signature; Golson was one of seven musicians then surviving from the photo, the others being Johnny Griffin (died 2008), Eddie Locke (died 2009), Hank Jones (died 2010), Marian McPartland (died 2013), Horace Silver (died 2014), and Sonny Rollins. Golson's song "Something in B Flat" (from the album Benny Golson's New York Scene) can be heard during a scene where Viktor is painting and redecorating part of an airport terminal; in a later scene, Golson's band performs "Killer Joe".
In October 2007, Golson received the Mellon Living Legend Legacy Award, presented by the Mid Atlantic Arts Foundation at a ceremony at the Kennedy Center. Additionally, during the same month, he won the University of Pittsburgh International Academy of Jazz Outstanding Lifetime Achievement Award at the university's 37th Annual Jazz Concert in the Carnegie Music Hall.
The Howard University Jazz Studies program created a prestigious award in his honor called the "Benny Golson Jazz Master Award" in 1996. Many distinguished jazz artists have received this award.
- "And You Called My Name", 1954
- "Stablemates", 1955
- "Whisper Not", 1956
- "Are You Real?", 1958
- "I Remember Clifford", 1957
- "Just by Myself", 1957
- "Blues March", 1958
- "Park Avenue Petite", aka "From Dream to Dream", 1959
- "Along Came Betty", 1959
- "Killer Joe", 1960
- "Beauty And The Blues"
- "Blues After Dark"
- "Five Spot After Dark"
- "Gipsy Jingle-Jangle"
- "Minor Vamp"
- "Step Lightly"
- "Strut Time
- "The Stroller"
Benny Golson in Denmark (2007)
- Benny Golson's New York Scene (Contemporary, 1957)
- The Modern Touch (Riverside 1957)
- The Other Side of Benny Golson (Riverside, 1958)
- Benny Golson and the Philadelphians (United Artists, 1958)
- Gone with Golson (New Jazz, 1959)
- Groovin' with Golson (New Jazz, 1959)
- Winchester Special (New Jazz, 1959) with Lem Winchester
- Gettin' with It (New Jazz, 1959)
- Take a Number from 1 to 10 (Argo, 1961)
- Pop + Jazz = Swing (Audio Fidelity, 1962)
- Reunion: Benny Gilson Sextet (Jazzland 1962)
- Turning Point (Mercury, 1962)
- Free (Argo, 1962)
- The Roland Kirk Quartet Meets the Benny Golson Orchestra (Mercury, 1964) with Roland Kirk
- Stockholm Sojourn (Prestige, 1964)
- Tune In, Turn On (Verve, 1967)
- Killer Joe (Columbia, 1977)
- California Message (Baystate, 1981) with Curtis Fuller
- One More Mem'ry (Baystate, 1982) with Curtis Fuller
- Time Speaks (Baystate, 1983) with Freddie Hubbard and Woody Shaw
- This Is for You, John (Baystate, 1984)
- Stardust (Denon, 1987) with Freddie Hubbard
- Benny Golson Quartet Live (Dreyfus, 1989 )
- Benny Golson Quartet (LRC Ltd. 1990)
- Domingo (Dreyfus, 1992)
- I Remember Miles (Alfa Jazz, 1993)
- That's Funky (Meldac Jazz, 1995)
- Tenor Legacy (Arkadia Jazz, 1996)
- Up Jumped Benny (Arkadia Jazz, 1997)
- Remembering Clifford (Milestone, 1998)
- One Day, Forever (Arkadia Jazz, 1996-2000 )
- Terminal 1 (Concord, 2004)
- New Time, New 'Tet (Concord, 2009)
- Horizon Ahead (HighNote, 2016)
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who's Who of Jazz (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. pp. 165/6. ISBN 0-85112-580-8.
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- "Moanin' - Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers, Art Blakey | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
- "Clifford Brown Discography". Jazz Discography Project.
- Bailey, Phil and Hancock, Benny (1979) Benny Golson: Eight Jazz Classics, p. iii. Jamey Aebersold Jazz.
- Credits - Eric Is Here; Discogs.com. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
- Yannow, Scott. AllMusic biography, accessed 06 April 2019
- Feather, Leonard & Gitler, Ira (2007) The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz, p. 261. Oxford University Press.
- "Benny Golson". National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
- Media, Mountain. "Golson, Benny". Ejazzlines.com. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
- Grandt, Jürgen E. (2018). Gettin' Around: Jazz, Script, Transnationalism. University of Georgia Press. pp. 113–120.
- Blake, Sharon S. (November 12, 2007). "Jazz Week Capped With Sold-Out Concert". Pitt Chronicle. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
- "Benny Golson Award". Howard University Jazz Ensemble. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
- "Benny Golson | Songs". AllMusic. Retrieved July 27, 2021.