William "Benny" Benjamin (July 15, 1925 – April 20, 1969), nicknamed Papa Zita, was an American musician, most notable as the primary drummer for the Motown studio band known as The Funk Brothers. He was a native of Birmingham, Alabama.
|Birth name||William Benjamin Jr.|
|Also known as||Papa Zita|
|Born||July 15, 1925|
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||April 20, 1969 (aged 43)|
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Associated acts||The Funk Brothers|
Benjamin originally learned to play drums in the style of the big band jazz groups in the 1940s. In 1958, Benjamin was Motown's first studio drummer, where he was noted for his dynamic style. Several Motown record producers, including Berry Gordy, refused to work on any recording sessions unless Benjamin was the drummer and James Jamerson was the bassist. The Beatles singled out Benjamin's drumming style upon meeting Gordy in the UK. Among the Motown songs Benjamin performed the drum tracks for are early hits such as "Money (That's What I Want)" by Barrett Strong, "Shop Around" by The Miracles and "Do You Love Me" by The Contours; as well as later hits such as "Get Ready" and "My Girl" by The Temptations, "Uptight (Everything's Alright)" by Stevie Wonder, "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" by Gladys Knight & the Pips, and "Going to a Go-Go" by The Miracles.
Benjamin was influenced by the work of drummers Buddy Rich and Tito Puente. He recorded with a studio set composed of Ludwig, Slingerland, Rogers and Gretsch components and probably Zildjian cymbals.
By the late 1960s, Benjamin struggled with drug and alcohol addiction, and fellow Funk Brothers Uriel Jones and Richard "Pistol" Allen increasingly recorded more of the drum tracks for the studio's releases. Benjamin died on April 20, 1969, of a stroke at age 43.
- U.S. Social Security Death Index, 377-20-0866
- William Benjamin Jr., Applications for Headstones, 1/1/1925 - 6/30/1970; NAID: NAID 596118; Record Group Number: 92; Record Group Title: Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General
- "Benny Benjamin – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame biography (2019)". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, rockhall.com. 2003. Archived from the original on March 20, 2019. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- "Standing in the Shadows of Motown – Bios of the Funk Brothers". standingintheshadowsofmotown.com. Archived from the original on April 14, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- "100 Greatest Drummers of All Time". Rolling Stone. March 31, 2016. Archived from the original on July 29, 2018. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
- Ben Sisario (March 25, 2009). "Uriel Jones, a Motown Drummer, Dies at 74". New York Times. Archived from the original on April 14, 2019. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
- "Benny Benjamin – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, rockhall.com. 2003. Archived from the original on December 6, 2019. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
- Benny Benjamin, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Essay by Allan Slutsky Archive
- Standing in the Shadows of Motown on IMDb
- "Benny Benjamin". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- 10 Best Rhythm Sections of All Time – Drum! magazine
- Sunday Sounds: Benny Benjamin's 'Supreme' Motown Sound – Drum! magazine
- Secrets of Motown: The Tracks of Their Drums – Modern Drummer magazine