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Benjamin Franklin Marsh (1839 – June 2, 1905) was a U.S. Representative from Illinois in the late 19th century to early 20th century. He was also a lawyer, soldier, agriculture manager, stock raiser, and Illinois State Railroad and Warehouse Commissioner.

Benjamin F. Marsh
Benjamin F. Marsh.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 14th district
In office
March 4, 1903 – June 2, 1905
Preceded byJoseph V. Graff
Succeeded byJames McKinney
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 15th district
In office
March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1901
Preceded byJoseph Gurney Cannon
Succeeded byJ. Ross Mickey
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 11th district
In office
March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1895
Preceded byBenjamin T. Cable
Succeeded byWalter Reeves
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 10th district
In office
March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1883
Preceded byJohn C. Bagby
Succeeded byNicholas E. Worthington
Personal details
Born1839 (1839)
Warsaw, Illinois
DiedJune 2, 1905(1905-06-02) (aged 65–66)
Warsaw, Illinois
Political partyRepublican

Early lifeEdit

Benjamin Marsh was born in Warsaw, Illinois (Hancock County). He first studied law in Warsaw, and after attending law school was admitted to the bar in 1860. He continued to study law after the American Civil War until 1877, when he was elected Illinois State Representative.

Civil WarEdit

Benjamin enlisted into the 16th Illinois Infantry Regiment as a private. He was later commissioned as a colonel. Benjamin received the Purple Heart when he received a piece of shrapnel in the foot. He participated in battles such as Shiloh and Antietam. He served until 1866 and when the war ended he continued his law practices until 1877.

Government officeEdit

Benjamin Marsh first started his way into the Illinois Government office by becoming the Republican candidate for membership of the Illinois State Constitutional Convention and was elected. He served until 1869.

In 1877 he was elected as a Republican to the 45th, 46th and 47th Congress. (March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1883)

Marsh then became chairman for the Committee on Pensions, and was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1882 to the 48th Congress.

Then, Marsh became delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1888; and was elected to the 53rd, 54th, 55th, and 56th Congresses, which he served March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1901.

He then became chairman on the Committee of the Militia (54th through 56th Congresses).

Marsh then was unsuccessful when he ran for reelection for the 57th Congress, but was successful when he ran for election to the 58th and 59th, which he served until his death.


  • U.S. Representative (1877–1883) (1893–1901) (1903–1905)
  • Lawyer
  • Agricultural Manager
  • 1889 State Railroad and Warehouse Commissioner
  • Delegate to the Republican National Convention


Marsh died in office in 1905. He is buried at Oakland Cemetery in Warsaw, Illinois.

See alsoEdit


  • United States Congress. "Benjamin F. Marsh (id: M000145)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Benjamin Franklin Marsh, late a representative from Illinois, Memorial addresses delivered in the House of Representatives and Senate frontispiece 1907
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John C. Bagby
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 10th congressional district

Succeeded by
Nicholas E. Worthington
Preceded by
Benjamin Cable
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 11th congressional district

Succeeded by
Walter Reeves
Preceded by
Joseph G. Cannon
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 15th congressional district

Succeeded by
J. Ross Mickey
Preceded by
Joseph V. Graff
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 14th congressional district

Succeeded by
James McKinney