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Benjamin Constant, Amazonas

Benjamin Constant is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Amazonas. Its population was 26,191 (2005) and its area is 8,793 km² (5,495 mi²).[1]

Benjamin Constant
Flag of Benjamin Constant
Flag
Official seal of Benjamin Constant
Seal
Location of the municipality inside Amazonas
Location of the municipality inside Amazonas
Benjamin Constant is located in Brazil
Benjamin Constant
Benjamin Constant
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 4°22′58″S 70°1′51″W / 4.38278°S 70.03083°W / -4.38278; -70.03083Coordinates: 4°22′58″S 70°1′51″W / 4.38278°S 70.03083°W / -4.38278; -70.03083
Country Brazil
RegionNorth
State Amazonas
Time zoneUTC−5 (ACT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (DST no longer used)
Websitehttp://www.benjaminconstant.am.gov.br/

The town is located by the confluence of the Javary River and the Amazon, close to the border with Peru. However, there are no customs or immigration facilities in Benjamin Constant, and entry and exit formalities take place at Tabatinga on the opposite bank of the Amazon.[2] There are no roads into Benjamin Constant and the only access is by river boat. By fast boat it is about 31 hours from Manaus (about 7 days by slow boat). The nearest airport is at Tabatinga, 2 hours by boat.

The area is inhabited by Ticuna Indians. The Magüta Museum in the town is devoted to their culture and language. In 1988 the town was the scene of the murder of 14 Ticunas in a dispute between them and logging interests.[3]

The town was named after the Brazilian revolutionary Benjamin Constant (1836–1891).

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Benjamin Constant, Amazonas (1981–2010, extremes 1932–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.2
(99.0)
37.0
(98.6)
37.2
(99.0)
36.2
(97.2)
35.9
(96.6)
36.2
(97.2)
37.0
(98.6)
39.0
(102.2)
39.5
(103.1)
40.0
(104.0)
37.3
(99.1)
36.7
(98.1)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
31.2
(88.2)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.1
(88.0)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
32.3
(90.1)
32.5
(90.5)
32.8
(91.0)
32.1
(89.8)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
26.1
(79.0)
26.1
(79.0)
25.9
(78.6)
25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
25.9
(78.6)
26.2
(79.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.0
(78.8)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
22.0
(71.6)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
20.8
(69.4)
21.1
(70.0)
21.5
(70.7)
21.9
(71.4)
22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.6
(70.9)
Record low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
16.0
(60.8)
14.9
(58.8)
15.0
(59.0)
14.9
(58.8)
11.2
(52.2)
9.9
(49.8)
13.2
(55.8)
14.1
(57.4)
17.9
(64.2)
14.4
(57.9)
16.0
(60.8)
9.9
(49.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 331.9
(13.07)
283.6
(11.17)
299.3
(11.78)
261.6
(10.30)
208.3
(8.20)
145.6
(5.73)
107.8
(4.24)
105.9
(4.17)
136.0
(5.35)
210.8
(8.30)
247.1
(9.73)
252.9
(9.96)
2,590.8
(102.00)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 18 16 16 15 14 11 10 9 10 13 15 17 164
Average relative humidity (%) 86.7 86.7 86.7 87.2 87.5 86.9 85.3 84.2 83.5 84.2 85.5 86.3 85.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 99.4 92.7 103.5 115.6 114.6 111.0 141.4 152.6 149.2 137.5 123.0 107.5 1,448
Source #1: Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia[4]
Source #2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[5]


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ IBGE website Archived January 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ South American Handbook. 2009. p. 644. ISBN 978-1-906098-36-0.
  3. ^ Woods, Sarah (2008). Colombia. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 257.
  4. ^ "Normais Climatológicas Do Brasil 1981–2010" (in Portuguese). Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Station Benjamin Constant" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 26 October 2018.