Benabarre

Benabarre (Spanish: [benaˈβare]), in Ribagorçan and Aragonese: Benavarri[2][3] (locally [bənəˈβari]) is a town and municipality in the Aragonese comarca of Ribagorza, in the province of Huesca, Spain.

Benabarre (Spanish)

Benavarri (Ribagorçan)
Benavarri  (Aragonese)
Benavarri.JPG
Flag of Benabarre (Spanish)
Flag
Coat of arms of Benabarre (Spanish)
Coat of arms
Ribagorza.png
Benabarre (Spanish) is located in Spain
Benabarre (Spanish)
Benabarre (Spanish)
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 42°7′0″N 0°29′0″E / 42.11667°N 0.48333°E / 42.11667; 0.48333Coordinates: 42°7′0″N 0°29′0″E / 42.11667°N 0.48333°E / 42.11667; 0.48333
Country Spain
Autonomous community Aragon
ProvinceHuesca
ComarcaRibagorza
Judicial districtBarbastro
Government
 • AlcaldeAlfredo Sancho Guardia (2007) (PSOE)
Area
 • Total157.14 km2 (60.67 sq mi)
Elevation
788 m (2,585 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total1,111
 • Density7.1/km2 (18/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Benabarrense
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
22580
WebsiteOfficial website

Benabarre is the historical and cultural capital of the comarca. It is part of the geo-linguistic area of La Franja, where Ribagorçan dialect of Catalan is spoken. In ancient texts it appears as Benabarri.[4][5]

It is located in the Pre-Pyrenees, 90 km from Huesca and 65 km from Lleida, at an altitud of 792 m, in a small syncline between Ésera and Cajigar rivers. Most of the territory, however, belongs to the Noguera Ribagorçana basin. To the north we find the Castillo de Laguarres mountain range, and to the south we find the Montsec Range. Through its municipal area runs the N-230 road, that connects Lleida and the Val d'Aran.

HistoryEdit

It is a very old town, probably the Roman "Bargidum" or "Bargusia", and it is said that it was given to the Arabs taking the name of their first lord Aben Avarre.[6] It was conquered from Islam around the year 1062 (although there is no document proving the exact date). What leaves no doubt is that it was conquered by Ramiro I of Aragon for the Kingdom of Aragon within the same military campaign in which he conquered, immediately north of the town, the places of Luzás, Viacamp y Litera, Tolva, Laguarres and Lascuarre, and to the south of the town, but north of Purroy and Caserras, the lands of Falces, Falcibus, from one of whose houses and its alloys, the king granted a franchise to Agila de Falces and brothers on February 1st, 1067 (as documented on that date).[7]

Traditionally, Benabarre was the capital of the historic County of Ribagorza, which was more expansive in territory than today, and included the comarca of Alta Ribagorça, now in the province of Lleida, Catalonia. It was during the Spanish War of Independence, from 1808–1814, that the French Napoleonic troops, in retaliation against the inhabitants of Benabarre, decided to make Graus the capital of the comarca. Ever since, Benabarre ceased to be the administrative capital, but it is still the most important cultural and historical center of the region. During the First Carlist War (1833-1840) it was one of the towns that suffered the most from those in the province of Huesca.

AdministrationEdit

List of the last mayors of BenabarreEdit

Period Mayor Party
1979-1981 Bienvenido Luis Almuzada Tarroc Ind.
1981-1983 José Antonio Ballarín Pociello[8]
1983-1987 Manuel Jaraiz Canfranc [9][10] PSOE
1987-1991
1991-1995
1995-1999
1999-2003 PAR [11]
2003-2007 Alfredo Sancho Guardia[12][13] PSOE
2007-2011
2011-2015
2015-2019
2019-

Electoral resultsEdit

Local elections[14]
Party 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019
PSOE 3 6 5 4 6
PP - 2 3 4 3
Aragón Sí Puede 1 -
PAR 3 - -
CHA 3 1 1
CDF -
Total 9 9 9 9 9

GeographyEdit

Population centers of the municipalityEdit

  • Aler. Term added to Benabarre before 1930. Located at 669 meters of altitude and in the basin of the Ésera river. [15] To the northwest of the place is the hermitage of Nuestra Señora de las Ventosas.[16]
  • Entença. Located on the left bank of the Cajigar river. It belongs to Benabarre since 1974. The castle of the town was the origin of the Entença Barony.[17]
  • Benabarre (capital of the municipality).[18] (Its streets maintain a medieval structure). Located 1 km to the north is the old Dominican Monastery of Our Lady of Linares.[19]
  • Caladrones. It is located on a hill on the left bank of the Río Guart. From the old Castle of Caladrones only the tower remains. In 1974, the municipal term of Caladrones along with its towns: Caladrones, Ciscar and Entença, was annexed to the one of Benabarre.[20]
  • Castilló del Pla. Located at the foot of the Corrodella range, at 762 meters of altitude. Previously it was part of the municipality of Pilzán.[21]
  • Ciscar. Located at 591 meters of altitude on the right bank of the Cajigar river.[22]
  • Estaña. It is located at 716 meters of altitude in the mountains that separate the Guart River and the waters of "La Sosa" (Cinca river).[23]
  • Pilzán. At 905 meters of altitude above sea level. Until 1972 it was an independent municipality. The population entities that included the term were: Estaña, Castilló del Pla, the depopulated of Penavera i Cabestany,[24] and la quadra d'Andolfa.[25]
  • Purroy de la Solana. Located above the ravine "El Molí". Independent term until 1974. [26] The municipality included the hermitage of Nuestra Señora del Pla.[27]

Local festivitiesEdit

  • June 8th, Saint Medard: patron festivities.
    • The most remarkable act is the pastorada between the master and the ramadá (shepherd), and the typical dance El ball dels palitrocs. It is also held the Baixada de Carricotxes, a float ornament contest.
  • August
    • Ball dels Salvatges: Recently recovered representation. It is a type of theater with a series of dances starring men of different social status, whose purpose is to conquer a lady. Since 2010 it is a biennial representation.
    • The summer carnival is held on the third weekend of August.

Its Holy Week procession is also well-known in the Ribagorza, unusual in this sense because the Romans who lead the procession have little to do with the Romans that we can all know, it is a Roman costume with influences of a Renaissance soldier, a complete visual delight for tourists who want to stop and watch this procession on Holy Friday at 10pm from the Our Lady of Valdeflores church square.

PatrimonyEdit

 
Castillo de Benabarre.

Also noticeable are the Hermitage of Santa Maria of Caladrones and the Hermitage of San Salvador of Entença, as well as churches of Saint Romanus of Estaña, Saint Stephen of Estaña, Saint James of Entença, Saint Anne of Caladrones, Santa María of Aler, Saint Cristopher of Ciscar and Saint Michael of Ciscar.

Illustrious BenabarrensesEdit

Twinned townsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ Carlos Ángel Rizos Jiménez and Moisés Selfa Sastre. Municipio de Benavarri (Benabarrre). Toponimia de Ribagorza. Editorial Milenio-Gobierno de Aragón. ISBN 978-84-9743-303-7.
  3. ^ As shown in the Legislative Decree 2/2006 Archived 2009-04-23 at the Wayback Machine of 27 December, of the Government of Aragon, by the revised text of the Law on Comarcal Demarcation of Aragon is approved.
  4. ^ Antonio María Alcover, «Geografía y estadística de la lengua catalana», ABC, 15 de mayo de 1919.
  5. ^ Agustín Ubieto Arteta, Toponimia aragonesa medieval, Valencia, Anubar, 1972. pág2. 55 y 56.
  6. ^ Temprado Ordíaz, Santiago (1993). Pueblos de Aragón: Paterna (in Spanish). Ed. Alcañiz. p. 230.
  7. ^ Ubieto Arteta, Antonio (1981). Historia de Aragón, la formación territorial (in Spanish). Anubar. p. 51-52. ISBN 9788470131813.
  8. ^ Ministerio de Hacienda y Administraciones Públicas (Gobierno de España). "Treinta aniversario de las primeras elecciones municipales de la democracia". Archived from the original on March 6, 2014. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  9. ^ Alcaldes de Aragón de las elecciones de 2011
  10. ^ Alcaldes de todos los municipios de la provincia de Huesca. Heraldo.es. 14 June 2015.
  11. ^ Secretaría de Estado para las Administraciones Territoriales (Ministerio de la Presidencia y para las Administraciones Territoriales, Gobierno de España) (May 6, 2018). "Base de datos de Alcaldes. Elecciones 1979-2015". Archived from the original on April 19, 2018. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  12. ^ Alcaldes de Aragón de las elecciones de 2011
  13. ^ Alcaldes de todos los municipios de la provincia de Huesca. Heraldo.es. 14 June 2015.
  14. ^ Gobierno de Aragón. "Archivo Electoral de Aragón". Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  15. ^ "Aler". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  16. ^ "les Ventoses". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  17. ^ "Entença". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  18. ^ "Benavarri". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  19. ^ "Llinars". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  20. ^ "Calladrons". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  21. ^ "Castilló del Pla". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  22. ^ "Siscar". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  23. ^ "Estanya". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  24. ^ "Cabestany". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  25. ^ "Pilzà". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  26. ^ "Purroi". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  27. ^ "el Pla". Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana. Enciclopèdia Catalana. (in Catalan) English version
  28. ^ a b c ribagorza.com. "Benabarre / Benavarri". Archived from the original on July 16, 2014. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  29. ^ Espino López, Antonio (2009). Don Juan Bayarte Calasanz y Avalos (1622-1689). Cossetania Edicions. ISBN 9788497914734.
  30. ^ "Jaume Santiveri, el pioner de l'alimentació natural". betevé (in Catalan). 2019-11-13. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  31. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). web.archive.org. 2014-04-24. Retrieved 2020-06-24.

External linksEdit