Ben Wyvis (from the Scottish Gaelic: Beinn Uais meaning "hill of terror") is a mountain located in Easter Ross, Ross and Cromarty, Highland, in northern Scotland, north-west of Dingwall. It forms an undulating ridge running roughly north-south for about 5 km, the highest summit of which is Glas Leathad Mòr. Geologically, the ridge is composed of Moine pelitic gneiss.
|Ben Wyvis - Glas Leathad Mòr|
Ben Wyvis seen from near Loch Glascarnoch
|Elevation||1,046 m (3,432 ft) |
|Prominence||c. 691 m|
|Parent peak||Beinn Dearg|
|Translation||Hill of terror - big green slope (Gaelic)|
|Pronunciation||Scottish Gaelic: [peɲ ˈuəʃ; ˈkl̪ˠas̪ʎɛhət̪ ˈmoːɾ]|
|Location||Easter Ross, Scotland|
|Topo map||OS Landranger 20|
|Listed summits of Ben Wyvis|
|Glas Leathad Mòr||1046 m||Munro, Marilyn|
|Tom a' Chòinnich||953 m||Munro Top|
|An Cabar||946 m||Munro Top|
|Glas Leathad Beag||928 m||Munro Top, HuMP|
The summit ridge is carpeted with the woolly hair moss Racomitrium lanuginosum, rather than the heather or grass found on most other Scottish mountains, whilst the lower slopes support dwarf shrub heath and boglands. The heath and bogland is home to a variety of plants, including dwarf birch, cloudberry, dwarf cornel and alpine bearberry. The site is an important breeding ground for the Eurasian dotterel, and represents at least 2.4% of the breeding population in Great Britain. The site is designated as a National Nature Reserve (NNR), a Special Protection Area (SPA), a Special Area of Conservation (SAC), and a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).
Ben Wyvis stands on the northern edge of the Clan Munro country. By tradition, the Munros hold their land from the Crown. The king declared that they held their lands on condition of furnishing a snowball at midsummer if required. This condition they could easily fulfil, as snow was to be found in some of the mountain corries of their property all year round.
Ben Wyvis National Nature ReserveEdit
Ben Wyvis National Nature Reserve encompasses the western and southern slopes of Ben Wyvis, and the summit plateau of Glas Leathad Mòr, which stands at an impressive 1,046 metres above sea level. Managed by Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH), the reserve contains a range of important habitats for wildlife, as well as important geological features. The reserve habitats range from scattered native woodland and shrub-rich heath on the lower slopes, moorland further upland, and a mosaic of upland communities on the high tops and crags.
Ben Wyvis supports around 2% of the UK's population of dotterel, which use the moss-heath of the plateau to breed. Ptarmigan also breed on upland areas of the reserve, nesting in higher areas among the boulders and scree. Other birds at Ben Wyvis include golden plover, red grouse and ravens, as well as birds of prey such as peregrine falcon and golden eagle.
- "walkhighlands Ben Wyvis". walkhighlands.co.uk. 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Ben Wyvis SPA Description". JNCC. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
- "Ben Wyvis NNR". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
- "Ben Wyvis SPA". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
- "Ben Wyvis SAC". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
- "Ben Wyvis SSSI". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
- "Visit Ben Wyvis National Nature Reserve - Tadhail Ben Wyvis Tèarmann Nàdair Nàiseanta" (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. 2011. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
- "The Story of Ben Wyvis National Nature Reserve" (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. 2008. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
- "Ben Wyvis in United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". Protected Planet. Retrieved 2018-11-19.