Belt of Venus
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The Belt of Venus, Venus's Girdle, or antitwilight arch is an atmospheric phenomenon visible shortly before sunrise or after sunset, during civil twilight, when a pinkish glow extending roughly 10–20° above the horizon surrounds the observer.
In a way, the Belt of Venus is actually alpenglow visible above the horizon during twilight, near the antisolar point. Like alpenglow, the backscatter of reddened sunlight also creates the Belt of Venus. Unlike alpenglow, the sunlight refracted by the fine particulates that cause the rosy arch of the Belt hovers high in the atmosphere and persists long after sunset or before sunrise.
As twilight progresses, the glow is separated from the horizon by the dark band of Earth's shadow, or "dark segment." The arch's light pink color is due to the backscatter of reddened light from the rising or setting Sun. A very similar effect can be seen during a total lunar eclipse. The zodiacal light, which is caused by the diffuse reflection of sunlight from the interplanetary dust in the Solar System, is also a similar phenomenon.
The name of the phenomenon alludes to the cestus, a girdle or breast-band, of the Ancient Greek goddess Aphrodite, customarily equated with the Roman goddess Venus. Since the greatest elongation (separation) between Venus and the Sun is only about 46 degrees, the planet Venus, even when visible, is never located opposite the sun and hence is never located in the Belt of Venus.
- "ALMA and Chajnantor at Twilight". ESO Picture of the Week. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: The Belt of Venus over the Valley of the Moon (23 July 2006)
- NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: The Belt of Venus Over Mercedes, Argentina (scroll to right of image for best view) (7 February 2012)
- Shadow of Earth, Belt of Venus as seen over Half Dome, Yosemite National Park, displayed in an interactive panorama. Scroll to the very bottom of the post to view, after all other Yosemite panoramas.
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