Bellefonte, Alabama

Bellefonte is a ghost town in Jackson County, Alabama, United States,[1] near the site of the Bellefonte Nuclear Generating Station. It is located roughly two miles southeast of Hollywood, Alabama.

Bellefonte, Alabama
The chimney of the local inn in foreground, with Bellefonte Nuclear Generating Station in the background
The chimney of the local inn in foreground, with Bellefonte Nuclear Generating Station in the background
Bellefonte is located in Alabama
Bellefonte
Bellefonte
Bellefonte is located in the United States
Bellefonte
Bellefonte
Coordinates: 34°42′40″N 85°56′43″W / 34.71111°N 85.94528°W / 34.71111; -85.94528Coordinates: 34°42′40″N 85°56′43″W / 34.71111°N 85.94528°W / 34.71111; -85.94528
CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountyJackson
Elevation
745 ft (227 m)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35752
Area code(s)256
GNIS feature ID0113878

DemographicsEdit

Bellefonte was listed on the 1860 and 1870 U.S. Census rolls. In 1860, it was the most populous (and only) incorporated community in Jackson County with 181 persons (of whom 173 were White, and 8 were "Free Colored"; no slaves were recorded.)[2]

Census Pop.
1860181
187072−60.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]

HistoryEdit

Bellefonte was settled in the early 19th century and incorporated on December 15, 1821,[4] when it had nearly 200 residents. Its name was a subjective description consisting of the French words "belle", meaning "beautiful," and "fonte", meaning "fount." It was the Jackson County seat from 1821 to 1868, when it was relocated to Scottsboro.

During the 1820s, a courthouse and church were constructed. A post office was established in 1830. By 1844, the population had grown to 400. The town suffered severe damage during the Civil War. The post office was closed in 1859.

The relocation of the county seat in 1868 drew off business from town. This town rapidly lost population, dropping off the census rolls by 1880. The town was abandoned by the 1920s. All that remains of Bellefonte today are the cemetery, the chimney of the local inn, and piles of scattered bricks.[5][6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bellefonte, Alabama
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  4. ^ A Digest of the Laws of the State of Alabama: Containing The Statutes and Resolutions in Force at the end of the General Assembly in January, 1823. Published by Ginn & Curtis, J. & J. Harper, Printers, New-York, 1828. Title 62. Chapter LXIII. Page 839. "An Act to Incorporate the Town of Belle-Fonte, in the County of Jackson.—Passed December 15, 1821." (Google Books)
  5. ^ Tryon, Jeff (July 6, 1986). "Dream Has Gone: Civil War, Rejection of Railroad Led to Bellefonte's Demise". Huntsville Times.
  6. ^ Foscue, Virginia. Place Names in Alabama. University: U of Alabama Press, 1989.