Belarusian nationalism

Belarusian nationalism is the Belarusian form of nationalism. The Belarusian People's Republic was established in 1918 and went into exile in 1919 (1919—Present) with its territories captured by Polish and Bolshevik forces in the Polish-Soviet War, and near the end of the 20th century, the independent Republic of Belarus was proclaimed.[1][2] Today there is a number of organizations with the ideological basis of Belarusian nationalism, including the BPF Party, the CCP BPF, Young Front and the Right Alliance, however since the 2000s, Belarusian nationalism, where nationalists opposed the government of Alexander Lukashenko, has declined with few nationalist organizations currently existing. Lukashenko during his time as president has been described as anti-nationalist. The once prominent nationalist politician, Zianon Paźniak, has been described as authoritarian and radical with his politics blamed as one of the reasons for the defeat of the opposition in the 1990s.[3]

Flag of Belarus from 1991 to 1995.
Funeral procession for the Belarusian activist Michail Žyźnieŭski surrounded by Belarusian White-Red-White, Ukrainian and flags of the UNA - UNSO organization on Khreshchatyk Street in Kyiv. Žyźnieŭski was killed during the Euromaidan protests in Kyiv.

Following the Russian military intervention in Ukraine in 2014, a number of Belarusian nationalists fought with Ukrainian government troops.[4][5][6] The Monument to the Belarusians who died for Ukraine was opened on March 28, 2016 in Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine.[7]



  • Krushinsky S. Byelorussian Communism and Nationalism: Personal Recollections. New York, 1953.
  • Vakar N. P. Belorussia. The Making of Nation. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1956.
  • Bulhakau V. The History of Belarusan Nationalism. Vilnya, 2007. [Валер Булгакаў. Гісторыя беларускага нацыяналізму. — Вільня: Інстытут беларусістыкі, 2007. — 331 с. (in Belarusian)]
  • Marples D. R. Belarus: A Denationalized Nation. Abingdon, Routledge, 2013.
  • Rudling P. A. The Rise and Fall of Belarusian Nationalism, 1906–1931. University of Pittsburgh Press, 2014.
  • Hroch M. European Nations: Explaining their Formation. London, 2015.
  • Fabrykant M. Russian-speaking Belarusian Nationalism: An Ethnolinguistic Identity Without a Language?, Europe-Asia Studies, 2019.
  • Rudling, Per Anders (5 December 2017). ""Unhappy Is the Person Who Has No Motherland": National Ideology and History Writing in Lukashenka's Belarus". War and Memory in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. Springer International Publishing. pp. 71–105. ISBN 978-3-319-66523-8.

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