Beira (Portugal)

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Beira (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈbɐjɾɐ]) was one of the six traditional provinces or comarcas of Portugal.

Portugal's traditional provinces

The territorial extension is different from that of the area called "The Beiras", which refers to three provinces of 1936, Beira Alta Province, Beira Baixa Province and Beira Litoral Province.

There is also a wine region, called Beira VR.

GeographyEdit

The most important cities within the borders of the traditional province are: Coimbra, Aveiro, Leiria, Viseu, Castelo Branco, Guarda, Figueira da Foz, Covilhã and Pinhel.

The main river is the Mondego; other rivers include the Vouga, Dão, Côa, Zêzere and Paiva. The largest mountain range is Serra da Estrela – Continental Portugal's highest – other ranges being the Caramulo, Marofa, Gardunha, and Bussaco.

Administrative historyEdit

After the 15th Century, the new Kingdom of Portugal was divided into six great administrative units, referred to as comarcas. Since the Middle Ages[when?] there existed the Beira Province.

1832Edit

In 1832 this province was divided into

1936Edit

In 1936 these were divided among three provinces, one of which contained area that was not included in Beira Province:

Sometimes collectively referred to as "the Beiras".

Some Portuguese geographers referred to the part of Trás-os-Montes that lies south of the Douro River as "Beira Transmontana", but that name was never used officially.

1976Edit

In 1976 the provinces were abolished leaving only the 18 districts.

1976 postal code areas divide the area in

1998Edit

Law 19/98 which was proposed in 1998 divided the area into

  • Beira Litoral
  • Beira Interior

2011Edit

The current Centro Region of Portugal covers roughly the same area. Oeste Subregion, part of Estremadura, is the major exception. Among its twelve subregions three contain the name "Beira":

The name also is contained in the name of many small towns and villages in the area, e.g. Moimenta da Beira, Celorico da Beira, Aguiar da Beira, Mondim da Beira etc.

MapsEdit

See alsoEdit