Beheira Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة البحيرة Muḥāfẓet El Beḥēra , IPA: [elbeˈħeːɾæ], "the Lake") is a coastal governorate in Egypt. Located in the northern part of the country in the Nile Delta, its capital is Damanhur.
Beheira Governorate on the map of Egypt
|• Governor||Hisham Abdel-Ghani Abdel-Aziz Amna|
|• Total||9,826 km2 (3,794 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
Beheira Governorate enjoys an important strategical place, west of the Rosetta branch of the Nile. It comprises four important highways, namely the Cairo-Alexandria desert road, the Cairo agricultural road, the international road and the circular road. Beheira Governorate is also home to a number of the most important Coptic monasteries in Wadi El Natrun (Scetes).
Beheira consists of 13 centers and 14 cities, and contains important industries such as cotton, chemicals, carpets, electricity and fishing.
The governorate has a noteworthy number of archaeological sites, inclusively at Abu El Matamir, Abu Hummus, Damanhour, Rashid (Rosetta) and Kafr El Dawwar. Coins, lamps, animal bones and pottery from Roman and Byzantine eras are some of the archaeological finds discovered at Kom El Giza and Kom El Hamam in Beheira.
The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.
The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 6,200,137. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.
|Anglicized name||Native name||Arabic transliteration||Population
(July 2017 Est.)
|Abu El Matamir||مركز ابو المطامير||Abū al-Maṭāmīr||555,471||Markaz|
|Abu Hummus||مركز ابوحمص||Abū Ḥummuṣ||535,823||Markaz|
|El Delengat||مركز الدلنجات||Ad-Dilinjāt||400,570||Markaz|
|Damanhour||قسم دمنهور||Damanhūr||262,505||Kism (fully urban)|
|West Nubariyah||قسم غرب النوبارية||Gharb an-Nūbāriyah||118,786||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Hosh Essa||مركز حوش عيسى||Ḥawsh 'Īsā||306,231||Markaz|
|Itay El Barud||مركز إيتاى البارود||Ityāy al-Bārūd||476,197||Markaz|
|Kafr El Dawwar||قسم كفر الدوار||Kafr ad-Dawwār||304,258||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Kafr El Dawwar||مركز كفر الدوار||Kafr ad-Dawwār||701,199||Markaz|
|Kom Hamada||مركز كوم حمادة||Kawm Ḥamādah||496,752||Markaz|
|Natrn Valley||مركز وادى النطرون||Wadi an-Natrun||79,069||Markaz|
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 19.5%. Out of an estimated 5,804,262 people residing in the governorate, 4,674,346 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 1,129,916 in urban areas.
Cities and townsEdit
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
- Natron Valley
- Boseili Desert
- (New urban community industrial zone) Nubaria
Projects and programsEdit
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS), under the auspices of USAID, had several water, road, and other projects, going on in several markazes in Beheira Governorate.
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