Begusarai is the administrative headquarters of Begusarai district, which is one of the thirty-eight districts of the Indian state of Bihar. The district lies on the northern bank of river Ganga. It is located at latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E. It was established in 1870.

Bgs City.jpg
Begusarai is located in Bihar
Location of Begusarai in Bihar
Begusarai is located in India
Begusarai (India)
Coordinates: 25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13Coordinates: 25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13
Country India
41 m (135 ft)
 • Total251,136[1]
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
 • OtherMaithili
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code06243
Vehicle registrationBR-09
Sex ratio0.9109 /
Lok Sabha constituencyBegusarai
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBegusarai


Begusarai is located at 25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13.[4] It has an average elevation of 41 metres (134 feet). Begusarai lies in North Bihar and is surrounded by Khagaria in North-East, Munger in South-East, Patna in West and Samastipur in North-West.[5]

Begusarai lies in the middle of the mid Ganga plain and generally has low lying terrain with South to South Easterly slope.[6] Begusarai is basically divided in three flood plains namely :1) Ganga Flood Plain 2) Burhi Gandak Flood plain 3) Kareha-Bagmati Flood Plain.


As per 2011 census Begusarai Municipal Corporation had a total population of 251,136, out of which 133,931 were males and 117,205 were females with sex ratio at 875. The population younger than 5 years of age was 37,966. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 79.35%.[1]


Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. The main cash crops of the Begusarai district are oilseeds, aniseed/ tisi, tobacco, jute, potato, red chilies, tomato and rape-seed. In Fruits Farming Begusarai has recently become a major contributor in producing Litchi, Mango, Guava and Banana. Recently Basil Leaves[7] and Pearl[8] farming has attracted local farmers.

Even today, only Barauni refinery contributes around Rs 500 crore[9] to the state exchequer yearly.


Begusarai had traditionally been a communist stronghold and was once referred to as the "Leningrad of Bihar".[10][11]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Begusarai Pin Code, Search Begusarai BEGUSARAI PinCode". Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Begusarai, India". Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  5. ^ "Welcome to Begusarai !! District". Archived from the original on 21 May 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  6. ^ The Subsurface Geology of the Indo-Gangetic plains M.B.R Rao, 1973, no:-3, vol-14, Journal of the Geological Society of India, pp-217-242.
  7. ^ "Farming of Basil Leaves In Begusarai". Live Hindustan. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  8. ^ "Pearl harvesting made this farmer a role model for others in his village". 26 February 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Making of Begusarai was by choice, not accident - Times of India". Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  10. ^ N.K."Dhiraj" (23 March 2009). "ULB launches poll campaign". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 March 2009.
  11. ^ Begg, Yusuf (9 April 2019). "Lok Sabha 2019: Why is Begusarai called Leningrad of Bihar?". India Today. Retrieved 19 June 2019.

External linksEdit