(Redirected from Beej Mantra)

A bījamantra (Sanskrit: बीजमन्त्र, romanizedbījamantra, lit.'seed-mantra'),[1] also rendered beej mantra, is a monosyllabic mantra believed to contain the essence of a given deity in Tantra and Tantric Hinduism.[2][3] It is ritually uttered for the invocation of a deity, of whom it is regarded to be the true name as well as a manifestation.[4] It is regarded to be a mystic sound made of the first few characters of a given deity's name, the chanting of which is regarded to allow an adherent to achieve a state of spiritual sanctity.[5] These mantras are also associated with the chakras of the body.[6]

The Romanian scholar Mircea Eliade stated that an adherent who chants the semantically meaningless bījamantra "appropriates its ontological essence, concretely and directly assimilates with the god".[7]


A few of the major bījamantras include:

Devanagari Transliteration Deity
औं auṃ Parabrahma
श्रीं śrīṃ Lakshmi
ल्क्ष्मीः lakṣmīḥ Mahalakshmi
त्व्म्श्रीः Mahasaraswati[spelling?] Mahasaraswati
क्म्लीः kāmalīḥ Mahakali
ल्क्ष्मीं lakṣmī Lakshmi
ऐं aiṃ Saraswati
क्लीं klīm Kali
क्रीं krīṃ Kali
ह्रौं hrauṃ Shiva
श्वीं śvi Shiva
गं gaṃ Ganesha
हूँ hūṃ Shiva
फट् phaṭ Destruction
ह्रीं hrīṃ Bhuvaneshvari
क्लीं klīṃ Shakti
दुं duṃ Durga
फ्रौं phrauṃ Hanuman
दं daṃ Vishnu

Other notable bījamantras include:

Devanagari Transliteration Deity
भ्रं bhraṃ Bhairava
धूं dhūṃ Dhumavati
ह्लीं hlīṃ Bagalamukhi
त्रीं trīṃ Tara
क्ष्रौं kṣrauṃ Narasimha
हं haṃ Akasha
यं yaṃ Vayu
रां rāṃ Agni
क्षं kṣaṃ Prithvi


  1. ^ Jacobsen, Knut A.; Aktor, Mikael; Myrvold, Kristina (2014-08-27). Objects of Worship in South Asian Religions: Forms, Practices and Meanings. Routledge. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-317-67595-2.
  2. ^ Long, Jeffery D. (2011-09-09). Historical Dictionary of Hinduism. Scarecrow Press. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-8108-7960-7.
  3. ^ Klostermaier, Klaus K. (2014-10-01). A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Simon and Schuster. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-78074-672-2.
  4. ^ Stutley, Margaret (2019-04-09). The Illustrated Dictionary of Hindu Iconography. Routledge. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-429-62425-4.
  5. ^ Goa, Harold G. Coward And David J. (2008). Mantra: 'Hearing the Divine In India and America. Motilal Banarsidass Publishe. p. 47. ISBN 978-81-208-3261-9.
  6. ^ Feuerstein, Georg (2022-08-16). The Encyclopedia of Yoga and Tantra. Shambhala Publications. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-8348-4440-7.
  7. ^ Farias, Miguel; Brazier, David; Lalljee, Mansur (2021). The Oxford Handbook of Meditation. Oxford University Press. p. 795. ISBN 978-0-19-880864-0.