Beechcraft Premier I
The Beechcraft Premier I is a light business jet aircraft manufactured by the Beechcraft division of Hawker Beechcraft. The aircraft was designed to compete with the Cessna CitationJet series of aircraft.
|Beechcraft 390 (Premier I/IA)|
|First flight||December 22, 1998|
US$ 7.1 million (2012)
Design of the Premier I began early in 1994 under the designation PD-374 (PD for Preliminary Design), and development was authorized to continue early the following year. The aircraft was officially launched at the annual National Business Aviation Association Convention in September 1995 and construction of the first prototype commenced late in 1996. In the mid-1990s, the light jet was to be priced at $5 million.
The Premier I prototype was rolled out on 19 August 1998 and its first flight was on 22 December 1998; four prototypes were used in the flight test program. Its FAA Type Certificate was issued on 23 March 2001. After development delays, the aircraft entered service in 2001 but with poor runway performance, erratic lift dump and brakes, a noisy cabin and substandard cockpit. It was upgraded as the Premier IA in 2006 for $7 million with better brakes, avionics and cabin, and 163 were built in five years. It was certified on 22 September 2005.[dubious ]
In 2018, used aircraft from 2003 to 2011 were priced at $1.28 to 2.4 million.
The Premier I is constructed with a high-strength composite, carbon fiber/epoxy honeycomb structure fuselage. The Premier I and IA can be certified as light aircraft for operation by a single pilot. The powerplants are Williams International FJ44-2A engines.
Its cabin is nearly as wide as a Citation Excel with 3 in (76 mm) less headroom, and seating is 11.2 ft (3.4 m) long, similar to a CJ2, with a four-seat club plus two aft chairs and an enclosed, 2.3 ft (0.70 m) long aft lavatory. BOWs are usually around 8,400 lb (3,800 kg), leaving 570 lb (260 kg) for the payload at full tanks. The Premier 1A has a Mach 0.8 MMo, 451 kn (835 km/h) cruise at FL310 and a 817 lb (371 kg)/h fuel burn at 424 kn (785 km/h) and midweight. It can fly four passengers over 1,105 or 1,365 nmi (2,046 or 2,528 km) with two passengers and can take off within 3,792 ft (1,156 m) at ISA temperatures and sea-level.
Line maintenance comes at 200 h intervals, A checks at 600 h and B checks at 1,200 h, plus calendar inspections, approximating $300 per hour. Engine maintenance is budgeted for $300 per h for both, with 2,500 h hot section inspections and 5,000 h TBOs. Competition used include the CJ2 and the Nextant 400XT, both have tighter cabins but better airfield performance, the CJ2 can fly four passengers over 1,500 nmi (2,800 km) but is 30–40 kn (56–74 km/h) slower and around $1 million more expensive, while the 400XT can fly 1,800 nmi (3,300 km) for the same value but are usually high-time jets.
- Premier I - basic version, introduced in 2001.
- Premier IA - new cabin interior and improved systems.
- Premier II - new engines and wingtips, range increase achieved with no extra fuel. Rebranded as the Hawker 200 in October 2010, but did not enter production.
Specifications (Premier IA)Edit
Data from Hawker Beechcraft
- Crew: 1
- Capacity: 6 / 7
- Length: 46 ft 0 in (14.02 m)
- Wingspan: 44 ft 6 in (13.56 m)
- Height: 15 ft 4 in (4.67 m)
- Wing area: 247 sq ft (22.9 m2) 
- Aspect ratio: 8.03
- Empty weight: 8,600 lb (3,901 kg) Basic Operating
- Max takeoff weight: 12,500 lb (5,670 kg)
- Fuel capacity: 3,670 lb / 1,665 kg
- Max Payload: 1,400 lb / 635 kg
- Cabin Length × Width × Height: 13 ft 6 in × 5 ft 6 in × 5 ft 5 in (4.11 × 1.68 × 1.65 m)
- Hold: 76.9 cu. ft / 2.2 cu. m
- Powerplant: 2 × Williams FJ44-2A Turbofan, 2,300 lbf (10.23 kN) thrust each
- Maximum speed: 523 mph (841 km/h, 454 kn) max cruise
- Range: 950 mi (1,530 km, 830 nmi) Max Payload
- Ferry range: 1,710 mi (2,750 km, 1,480 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 41,000 ft (12,500 m)
- Wing loading: 50.6 lb/sq ft (247 kg/m2)
- Fuel consumption: 1.67 lb/mi (0.47 kg/km)
- Thrust/weight: 0.37
- Take-off (MTOW): 3,792 ft / 1,156 m
- Landing (MLW): 3,177 ft / 968 m
- Collins Pro Line 21
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Bombardier Learjet 40/Bombardier Learjet 45
- Cessna CitationJet
- Embraer Phenom 300
- SyberJet SJ30
- Grob G180 SPn
- Murdo Morrison (12 Oct 2018). "NBAA: Business jet designs that changed the industry". FlightGlobal.
- "Operations Planning Guide" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. August 2012.
- Airliners.net Premier I page. Retrieved: 23 August 2008.
- Kent S. Jackson (Feb 22, 2019). "Hawker Beechcraft Premier 1A: Midsize Cabin On Light-Jet Airframe". Business & Commercial Aviation.
- "Type Certificate data sheet No. A00010WI" (PDF). FAA. October 12, 2016.
- Mark Huber (December 2018). "For many models, market hitting the apex" (PDF). Aviation International News. pp. 20–21, 24.
- "Specifications". Premier IA. Hawker Beechcraft.
- "Type certificate data sheet No. EASA.IM.A.073 for Beechcraft 390 (Premier I and IA)" (PDF). EASA. 13 March 2018.