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The north side of Bedford Square, viewed from near the north-east corner

Bedford Square is a garden square in the Bloomsbury district of the Borough of Camden in London, England.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Bedford Square from the BT Tower in 1966
 
Bedford Square (2005)
 
Panorama of Bedford Square

Built between 1775 and 1783 as an upper middle class residential area, the square has had many distinguished residents, including Lord Eldon, one of Britain's longest serving and most celebrated Lord Chancellors, who lived in the largest house in the square for many years.[1] The square takes its name from the main title of the Russell family, the Dukes of Bedford, who owned much of the land in what is now Bloomsbury.[2]

The architect Thomas Leverton is known to have designed some of the houses, although he may not have been responsible for all of them.[3]

ConservationEdit

Bedford Square is one of the best preserved set pieces of Georgian architecture in London, but most of the houses have now been converted into offices.[4] Numbers 1-10,[3] 11,[5] 12–27,[6] 28–38[7] and 40–54 are grade I listed buildings.[8]

GardenEdit

The central garden remains private, but is opened to the public as part of the Open Garden Squares Weekend.[4] The square is Grade II* listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[9]

Former occupantsEdit

Bedford College, the first place for female higher education in Britain, was originally located in (and named after) Bedford Square (No. 47).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Riley, W Edward; Gomme, Laurence (1914). "'Nos. 6 and 6A, Bedford Square', in Survey of London: Volume 5, St Giles-in-The-Fields, Pt II". London. p. 154-156. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  2. ^ Riley, W Edward; Gomme, Laurence (1914). "'Bedford Square (general)', in Survey of London: Volume 5, St Giles-in-The-Fields, Pt II". London. p. 150-151. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Historic England. "Nos 1 to 10 and attached railings (1272304)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Bedford Square". www.opensquares.org.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Number 11 and Attached Railings (1272315)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Numbers 12-27 and Attached Railings (1244546)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Numbers 28-38 and Attached Railings (1244548)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Numbers 40-54 and Attached Railings (1244553)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  9. ^ Historic England, "Bedford Square (1000245)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 19 November 2017
  10. ^ Weidlinger, Tom. "Beauty, art and the shape of things to come". restlesshungarian.com. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  11. ^   Owen, William Benjamin (1912). "Warne, Frederick" . In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement​. 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 594–595.
  12. ^ 10, Bedford Square is the address of his letter to the Editor of The Times, Tuesday, 26 October 1858; p. 4; Issue 23134; col E. Letters before that date are from 5, Bishopsgate without.
  13. ^ Tony Hobbs, John Scarlett Davis: A Biography, Almeley, Herefordshire, Logaston Press, 2004. ISBN 1904396151
  14. ^ "Cavendish, Henry (1731-1810)". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  15. ^ "Ricardo, Sir Harry (1885-1974)". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  16. ^ "Johnston Forbes-Robertson black plaque in London". Blue plaques. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  17. ^ "National Council for Voluntary Organisations". National Archives. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Jonathan Cape –". Harrington Books. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  19. ^ "Hodgkin, Thomas (1798-1866)". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  20. ^ "Wakely, Thomas (1795-1862)". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  21. ^ "Dr. T. W. King (1809–47)". Nature. 159: 365. 15 March 1947. doi:10.1038/159365a0.
  22. ^ "Butterfield, William (1814-1900)". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  23. ^ "Hawkins, Anthony Hope (1863-1933)". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  24. ^ "Lady Ottoline Morrell". Open Plaques. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  25. ^ "Margot Asquith, socialite and author, wife of Liberal Prime Minister H. H. Asquith. Autograph Note Signed ('Margot Oxford') acknowledging receipt of a letter and a book". Richard Ford Manuscripts. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  26. ^ "Elizabeth Jesser Reid". Blue Plaques. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  27. ^ The Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 18. p. 143. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  28. ^ "Bedford Square". Urban75. Retrieved 18 July 2018.

External linksEdit

Blue plaquesEdit

A number of houses have blue plaques recording famous residents:

Coordinates: 51°31′08.08″N 00°07′48.39″W / 51.5189111°N 0.1301083°W / 51.5189111; -0.1301083