Bede Edmund Hugh Clifford

Sir Bede Edmund Hugh Clifford GCMG CB MVO (3 July 1890 – 6 October 1969)[1][2][3] was a British diplomat and colonial administrator,[4] born in New Zealand, where his parents had moved in an unsuccessful attempt at sheep-farming.[5]

His parents were William Hugh Clifford, 10th Baron Clifford of Chudleigh and Catherine Mary Bassett. After New Zealand they moved to Tasmania; he did not attend a regular school until he was 10. He attended Melbourne University, then became a surveyor, then a merchant navy officer.[6]


After serving as an army captain in the Royal Fusiliers during World War I, he worked in imperial administration and diplomacy. From 1917 he was aide-de-camp, then secretary to the Governor-General of Australia, before taking the similar position in South Africa in 1921, as secretary to Prince Arthur of Connaught.[7] He was Governor of the Bahamas from 1932 to 1934,[8] and then was the 24th Governor of Mauritius from 23 October 1937 to 16 April 1942.[9] He then became Governor of Trinidad and Tobago from 1942 to 1947.[10]


He married Alice Devin Gundry in 1925 in Cleveland, Ohio. He retired to England, where he died. One of his daughters, Anne Frances May Clifford, married John Julius Norwich; they are the parents of the historian Artemis Cooper. His great-granddaughter (by another daughter) is Samantha Cameron, wife of the former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom David Cameron.

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Charles William James Orr
Governor of the Bahamas
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Dundas
Preceded by
Sir Wilfrid Edward Francis Jackson
Governor of Mauritius
Succeeded by
Sir Donald Mackenzie-Kennedy
Preceded by
Sir Hubert Winthrop Young
Governor of Trinidad and Tobago
Succeeded by
Sir John Valentine Wistar Shaw