Cyrus Hamlin

  (Redirected from Bebek Seminary)

Cyrus Hamlin (January 5, 1811 – August 8, 1900)[1][2] was an American Congregational missionary and educator, the father of A. D. F. Hamlin.[3]

Cyrus Hamlin
Cyrus Hamlin (2).jpg
Cyrus Hamlin, co-founder of Robert College
President of Middlebury College
In office
Preceded byCalvin Butler Hulbert
Succeeded byEzra Brainerd
Personal details
Born(1811-01-05)January 5, 1811
Waterford, Maine
DiedAugust 8, 1900(1900-08-08) (aged 89)
Portland, Maine


Hamlin was born in Waterford, Maine and grew up on his family's farm estate. At sixteen, he entered an apprenticeship as a silversmith and jeweler in Portland, Maine before deciding to enter the ministry.[4] He first attended Bridgton Academy before heading to college. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1834 and from Bangor Theological Seminary in 1837. The Hamlins were a prominent nineteenth-century Maine family which also produced a Vice President of the United States (Hannibal Hamlin) and at least two Civil War generals, one of whom was also named Cyrus Hamlin.

He promptly left the United States in 1838 as a missionary under the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, arriving in the Ottoman Empire in January 1839. Hamlin helped found Bebek Seminary in 1840 as part of his outreach to Armenians.[5] Hamlin established a workshop at Bebek to teach his students marketable trades, to help alleviate their severe poverty.[6] From this workshop sprung a baking business, by which Hamlin became the primary provider of bread to the British Army hospital in Istanbul during the Crimean War.[7] It was during this period that Hamlin became acquainted with Florence Nightingale.[8] While the workshop and bakery were controversial to the American Board, the funds earned by Hamlin's enterprises helped build thirteen Protestant Armenian churches in Turkey.[9]

In 1860, he began the work of establishing Robert College in Istanbul,Ottoman Empire. After years of unsuccessfully lobbying the Ottoman authorities for permission to build the school, Hamlin was eventually granted an imperial order granting permission for the school to be built and permitting it to be under American (United States) protection and fly the flag of the United States of America. The school opened its doors on May 15, 1863.[10] Hamlin served as its president until an unfortunate conflict in 1876, which forced his return to the United States where he later served as professor of dogmatic theology at Bangor Theological Seminary.

He was elected president of Middlebury College in Vermont in 1880. His term was short, lasting only until 1885. However, Hamlin's guidance brought the College back from the brink of collapse and began a recovery process that would ultimately lead to unprecedented growth in the early years of the 20th Century. Hamlin resolved severe disciplinary issues inherited from his predecessor and personally contracted critical upgrades to the physical plant. However, the most significant event of Hamlin's administration—one that would prove key in maintaining Middlebury's stability later on—was the college's decision to accept women in 1883. Hamlin was seventy-four by 1885 when he unsurprisingly retired.[11]

He published Among the Turks (1878) and My Life and Times (1893).[12][13] Hamlin Hall at Boğaziçi University (formerly part of Robert College), as well as Hamlin Hall in Middlebury College's Freeman International Center are named after him.

For many years, he lived in Lexington, Massachusetts. He is buried in Lexington's Munroe Cemetery.


  1. ^ Leonard, John. W., ed. (1900). WHO'S WHO IN AMERICA; A Biographical Dictionary of Living Men and Women of the United States 1899-1900 (1 ed.). Chicago: A.N. Marquis & Company. p. 306. Retrieved September 1, 2018 – via Internet Archive.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2011-01-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Wright, Jr., Walter L. (1932). "Hamlin, Cyrus". In Malone, Dumas (ed.). Dictionary of American Biography. 8 (Grinnell-Hibbard). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 195–196. Retrieved September 1, 2018 – via Internet Archive.
  4. ^ Hamlin, Cyrus (1893). My Life and Times. p. 47.
  5. ^ My Life and Times, p. 479-484.
  6. ^ My Life and Times, p. 257
  7. ^ My Life and Times, p. 324-329
  8. ^ My Life and Times, p. 332-336
  9. ^ My Life and Times, p. 372
  10. ^ My Life and Times, p. 448-469
  11. ^ Stameshkin, David M. (1985). The Town's College: Middlebury College 1800-1915. Middlebury College Press.
  12. ^ Hamlin, Cyrus (1877). Among the Turks (1 ed.). New York: American Tract Society. Retrieved 20 March 2016 – via Internet Archive.
  13. ^ Hamlin, Cyrus (1893). My Life and Times (5 ed.). Chicago: The Pilgrim Press. Retrieved 20 March 2016. via Internet Archive

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Calvin Butler Hulbert
President of Middlebury College
Succeeded by
Ezra Brainerd