Be'er Ora (Hebrew: בְּאֵר אוֹרָה) is a community settlement 19 kilometers north of Eilat in the far south of Israel.[2] Located in the Arava region, just west of Highway 90, north of kibbutz Eilot, and south of Elifaz and Timna Park, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Eilot Regional Council. In 2019 its population was 1,033.[1]

Be'er Ora
בְּאֵר אוֹרָה
באר אורה.jpg
Etymology: Well of light
Be'er Ora is located in Southern Negev region of Israel
Be'er Ora
Be'er Ora
Be'er Ora is located in Israel
Be'er Ora
Be'er Ora
Coordinates: 29°42′40″N 34°58′45″E / 29.71111°N 34.97917°E / 29.71111; 34.97917Coordinates: 29°42′40″N 34°58′45″E / 29.71111°N 34.97917°E / 29.71111; 34.97917
Country Israel
DistrictSouthern
CouncilHevel Eilot
Founded2001
Population
 (2019)[1]
1,033

HistoryEdit

 
Houses in Be'er Ora

Before the settlement was founded, Be'er Ora was previously the site of an Israeli army base. In 1968, Be'er Ora was the site of the bombing of a school bus carrying Israeli high school students, an incident that led to Israeli Defense Forces retaliating against a Palestine Liberation Organization base in neighboring Jordan in the Battle of Karameh. [3]

The current Be'er Ora settlement was founded in 2001 as part of a program to populate the Arava and to bring people from central Israel to the Negev, which was determined to be a preferred place for new settlement. Previously there was a Gadna army base, also called Be'er Ora, in that location.

The word "Be'er" means "well of water". Before the community was established, there was a well within its area that served as the first source of freshwater for Eilat, before Eilat was connected to the national water network. The word "Ora" (light) is borrowed from the nearby Ora Mountain and Ora Creek.[citation needed]

AviationEdit

In 2004, the government decided to move Eilat Airport to an empty area near Be'er Ora. Ramon Airport opened in 2019.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Plans being drawn up for Eilat: A new airport at Be'er Ora Ha'aretz, 13 January 2002
  3. ^ Myra Williamson, Terrorism, War and International Law: The Legality of the Use of Force Against Afghanistan in 2001 (Routledge, 2016) p127