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Be'er Ora (Hebrew: בְּאֵר אוֹרָה‬) is a community settlement 19 kilometers north of Eilat in the far south of Israel.[2] Located in the Arava region, just west of Highway 90, north of kibbutz Eilot, and south of Elifaz and Timna Park, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Eilot Regional Council. In 2017 its population was 871.[1]

Be'er Ora

בְּאֵר אוֹרָה
Be'er Ora is located in Southern Negev region of Israel
Be'er Ora
Be'er Ora
Coordinates: 29°42′39.95″N 34°58′44.76″E / 29.7110972°N 34.9791000°E / 29.7110972; 34.9791000Coordinates: 29°42′39.95″N 34°58′44.76″E / 29.7110972°N 34.9791000°E / 29.7110972; 34.9791000
Name meaningWell of light


Before the settlement was founded, Be'er Ora was previously the site of an Israeli army base. In 1968, Be'er Ora was the site of the bombing of a school bus carrying Israeli high school students, an incident that led to Israeli Defense Forces retaliating against a Palestine Liberation Organization base in neighboring Jordan in the Battle of Karameh. [3]

The current Be'er Ora settlement was founded in 2001 as part of a program to populate the Arava and to bring people from central Israel to the Negev, which was determined to be a preferred place for new settlement. Previously there was a Gadna army base, also called Be'er Ora, in that location. The word "Be'er" means "well of water". Before the community was established, there was a well within its area that served as the first source of fresh water for Eilat, before Eilat was connected to the national water network.

The word "Ora" (light) is borrowed from the nearby Ora Mountain and Ora Creek.[citation needed]


In 2004, the government decided to move Eilat Airport to an empty area near Be'er Ora. This decision was made because the airport in Eilat is located very close to residential and commercial areas (planes landing in Eilat pass directly over a large shopping mall). The new airport will be called the Ramon Airport and is due to open in 2017.


  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ Plans being drawn up for Eilat: A new airport at Be'er Ora Ha'aretz, 13 January 2002
  3. ^ Myra Williamson, Terrorism, War and International Law: The Legality of the Use of Force Against Afghanistan in 2001 (Routledge, 2016) p127