City hall in Baxley
|• Total||8.4 sq mi (21.7 km2)|
|• Land||8.4 sq mi (21.7 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||203 ft (62 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||525/sq mi (202.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0331106|
Baxley was first settled as a result of the Macon and Brunswick Railroad being built through Appling County in 1870. Originally, it was a railroad depot known as Station Number 7, but soon was named Baxley (after one of the community's first settlers, Wilson Baxley of North Carolina). Baxley incorporated in 1875.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,400 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 51.7% White, 35.3% Black, 0.1% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.1% from some other race and 0.8% from two or more races. 10.6% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
At the census of 2000, there were 4,150 people, 1,567 households, and 1,048 families residing in the city. The population density was 580.7 people per square mile (224.1/km²). There were 1,866 housing units at an average density of 261.1 per square mile (100.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 57.28% White, 37.93% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 3.16% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.23% of the population.
There were 1,567 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,441, and the median income for a family was $30,648. Males had a median income of $28,087 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,321. About 21.6% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.0% of those under age 18 and 26.3% of those age 65 or over.
International Forest Products Limited operates a sawmill employing over 50 people.
Appling County students in K-12 grades are in the Appling County School District, which consists of four elementary schools (three include pre-school), a middle school and a high school. The district has 210 full-time teachers and over 3,303 students.
- Altamaha Elementary School
- Appling County Primary School
- Appling County Elementary School
- Fourth District Elementary School
- Appling County Middle School
- Appling County High School
- Byron Buxton, Major League Baseball player; second overall pick (drafted by the Minnesota Twins) in the 2012 MLB draft; winner of Baseball America's Minor League Player of the Year Award in 2013
- Dexter Carter, running back for San Francisco 49ers and New York Jets from 1990 to 1996; born in Baxley and graduated from Appling County High School
- Devonta Freeman, running back for Atlanta Falcons (2014-present); born in Baxley
- Frankie King, NBA guard for Los Angeles Lakers (1995); born in Baxley
- The Lacs, country/rap music group; from Baxley
- Caroline Miller, Georgia's first Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist; received the award for Lamb in His Bosom in 1934
- Jamie Nails, NFL guard for Buffalo Bills (1997-2000) and Miami Dolphins (2002-2003); born in Baxley
- Janisse Ray, author of Ecology of a Cracker Childhood (1999), a memoir about growing up in Baxley which includes description of the ecosystem of the vanishing longleaf pine that once covered the area
- Michael Timpson, Wide Receiver for New England Patriots (1989-1994), Chicago Bears (1995-1996), and Philadelphia Eagles (1997); born in Baxley
- Carl Simpson, Defensive Tackle for Chicago Bears (1993-1997), Arizona Cardinals (1998-1999), and Las Vegas Outlaws (2001)
- Harry Skipper, Defensive Back in the CFL for seven years. Skipper played defensive back for the Montreal Concordes and Saskatchewan Roughriders from 1983-1989.
- Robert Butler, an American painter best known for his portrayals of the woods and backwaters around Florida's Everglades. He was a member of the well-known African-American artists' group, The Highwaymen.
- Vonzell Solomon, nicknamed Baby V, singer and actress
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Georgia Info. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
- Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 15. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Baxley city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved July 8, 2010.
- Free District Report, Retrieved May 29, 2010.