Bavarian State Police

The Bavarian State Police (German: Bayerische Staatliche Polizei) is the state police force of the German state of Bavaria. It has approximately 33,500 armed officers and roughly 8,500 other civilian employees.

Bavarian State Police
Bayerische Staatliche Polizei
Bayerische Polizei 1599.jpg
Uniform patch
Logo-Polizei-Bayern.svg
Police badge
Agency overview
Formed29 June 1946
Employees41,400 (2019)[1]
Annual budget€3.659 billion (2019)[2]
Size70,550.19 km²
Population13,003,252 (2018)
General nature
Operational structure
HeadquartersMunich, Bavaria, Germany
Agency executive
  • Wilhelm Schmidbauer, Landespolizeipräsident
Website
www.polizei.bayern.de
A Eurocopter EC-135 police helicopter of the Bavarian State Police

OrganizationEdit

The 10 regional police authorities in Bavaria are:

Bavaria reorganised its police structure between 2005 and 2008 to reduce bureaucracy, changing from a four-tier hierarchy (Interior Ministry– Regional administration – Police Department – Police Station) to three levels (Interior Ministry, Regional Police Authority, Police Station). The seven Polizeipräsidien in Würzburg, Bayreuth, Regensburg, Nuremberg, Augsburg, Munich and Oberbayern (HQ in Munich) gave way to the 10 new areas and the Polizeidirektionen disappeared.[3]

The reorganisation required the rewiring of all police radio and emergency notification networks which are not located only at each regional police authority.

State Police UnitsEdit

Auxiliary State PoliceEdit

Citizens in Bavaria have been participating in public safety since 1994. This commitment to civic action is seen in the Sicherheitswacht auxiliary state police program, where approx. 800 citizens in 125 Bavarian towns (July 2016) voluntarily assist their local police.[4]

Bavarian Border PoliceEdit

Due to the European migrant crisis in 2015 the Bavarian State Government re-established the Bavarian Border Police in 2018 to support the Federal Police to protect the border to Austria.

State Riot PoliceEdit

The Police Support Group HQ (Bereitschaftspolizeipräsidium) in Bamberg employs 6,000 officers and civilian staff at seven Bereitschaftspolizeiabteilungen (BPA), the police schools, the police orchestra and the police helicopter squadron. The BPAs are situated in Munich, Eichstätt, Würzburg, Nuremberg, Königsbrunn, Dachau and Sulzbach-Rosenberg and have 10 companies as the state’s mobile police reserve. The helicopter squadron has nine modern choppers stationed at Munich Airport and Roth Airfield near Nuremberg. Bavaria has two basic training schools, one professional development school and a police dog school.

Special UnitsEdit

Bavaria has different special units, which are the

  • two Spezialeinsatzkommandos (SEK) (police tactical units), one is stationed in Nuremberg for use in the north of the state and one is attached to the Munich Police Department to cover the south of Bavaria. The SEK of South Bavaria has a mountain detachment for operations in the Alps.
  • three Mobile Einsatzkommandos (MEK) (mobile response units), one of which is attached to the SEK based in Nuremberg and the other two to the Munich SEK,
  • two Technische Einsatzkommandos (TEK) (technical response units), one at Nuremberg and the other at Munich,
  • four Unterstützungskommandos (USK) (Special Support Groups) attached to the Police Support Group and based in Dachau, Munich, Nuremberg and Würzburg
  • an Alpine Einsatzzug (Alpine Operations Platoon), based in Rosenheim.

River PoliceEdit

The Bavarian River Police is directly subordinate to the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior. The headquarters is in Nuremberg and has 10 river police stations along the Main and Danube rivers and the Main-Danube Canal. It also supports 14 police stations that cover the major lakes in Bavaria.

State Investigation BureauEdit

The Bavarian Landeskriminalamt (State Investigation Bureau) is directy supervised by the Bavarian Interior State Ministry situated in Munich and employs 1,800 officers and civilian staff. Its missions are: witness protection, state security, undercover investigations, statistics, monitoring the development of crime, crime prevention, criminal investigations analysis, exchange of information with foreign countries and forensic science.

EquipmentEdit

 
Bavarian police car in 2017.

The most used car brand is BMW.

On duty, officers carry their duty handgun (Heckler & Koch VP9) and many other tools, such as handcuffs, pepperspray, a flashlight, an expandable baton and (since 2019) Axon 2 bodycameras.

There are Heckler & Koch MP5 machine pistols for high risk calls in all patrol cars. On top of that, some patrol officers are trained as specialized tactical officers and are skilled in the use of their issued Heckler & Koch G3 and FN SCAR rifles.

Notable casesEdit

  • 12 May 1972: Bomb attack on the main building of the Bavarian State Investigation Bureau in Munich by the Red Army Faction, 3 people were injured and 60 police cars were damaged.
  • 5 September 1972: Palestinian terrorists attacked the Israeli team during the Olympic Games in Munich, known as the Munich massacre.
  • 10 August 1994: Discovery of 363g of plutonium on a smuggler at Munich's Franz Josef Strauss airport; the so-called plutonium affair.
  • July 1998: Giorgio Basile who killed 30 people was arrested in Kempten and turned state witness providing testimony for the arrest of 50 Mafia members in Germany.
  • 14 January 2005: The fashion designer Rudolph Moshammer was found murdered in his house. One day later the murderer was arrested through a DNA analysis match and sentenced to life imprisonment.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wir über uns".
  2. ^ "Einzelplan 03" (PDF).
  3. ^ Bavarian Interior Ministry news release on reorganisation (in German) http://www.polizei.bayern.de/wir/organisation/index.html/6093
  4. ^ Bavarian Auxiliary Police homepage http://www.polizei.bayern.de/wir/sicherheitswacht/index.html/309

External linksEdit