Bautista, Pangasinan

Bautista, officially the Municipality of Bautista (Pangasinan: Baley na Bautista; Ilocano: Ili ti Bautista; Tagalog: Bayan ng Bautista), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 35,398 people. [3]

Bautista
Municipality of Bautista
Arch of welcome and Municipal hall
Arch of welcome and Municipal hall
Official seal of Bautista
Map of Pangasinan with Bautista highlighted
Map of Pangasinan with Bautista highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Bautista is located in Philippines
Bautista
Bautista
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°48′37″N 120°28′32″E / 15.8103°N 120.4756°E / 15.8103; 120.4756Coordinates: 15°48′37″N 120°28′32″E / 15.8103°N 120.4756°E / 15.8103; 120.4756
CountryPhilippines
RegionIlocos Region
ProvincePangasinan
District 5th district
FoundedMay 5, 1900
Named forJohn the Baptist
Barangays18 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorAmadeo T. Espino
 • Vice MayorJoseph G. Espino
 • RepresentativeRamon V. Guico III
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate22,290 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total46.33 km2 (17.89 sq mi)
Elevation
21 m (69 ft)
Highest elevation
48 m (157 ft)
Lowest elevation
12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total35,398
 • Density760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Households
8,478
Economy
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence
14.79
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 113 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 221.1 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 97.15 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 28.15 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityCentral Pangasinan Electric Cooperative (CENPELCO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2424
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)75
Native languagesPangasinan
Ilocano
Tagalog

Bautista is called "The Walis Tambo (broom) Capital of Pangasinan".[5] It is honored as the "Lupang Hinirang".[6]

HistoryEdit

Boletin Ecclesiastico de Filipinas published that the Dominicans founded Pangasinan towns of Binalatongan (City of San Carlos, 1588), Calasiao, 1588, Mangaldan, 1600, Manaoag, 1608, Lingayen, 1614, Dagupan, 1614 and Telbang (now Bautista, 1614). A historian, Rosario Cortez, however, wrote that Bautista existed since 1686, but was removed to the Parish of Bayambang.

The "Rebirth of Bautista" as Municipality was only in 1900. Don Ramon Reynado became the first town executive along with other notable founder: Guillermo Agcaoile, Francisco Gonzales, Felipe Ramos, Dionisio Galvan, Teodoro Carungay, Claudio and Antonio Galsim, Marciano Guzman, Nicolas Galsim, Marcelino Villanueva and Eleno Cayabyab.

Bautista was dubbed "mercancia" or "Melting Pot" (where cargoes due to Camiling, Tarlac were traded via the Agno River or by train). The municipality was truly a melting pot, indicative of which is the diversity of people's dialects and languages. The residents of the town were Pangasinenses, Ilocanos, Tagalogs, Pampangos, Chinese and Spanish. The people of Nibaliw, Baluyot and Cabuaan are mostly Pangasinenses. The people of Nandacan, Villanueva, Poponto, Primicias, Artacho and Pogo are predominantly Ilocanos. Within the Poblacion, one would be able to meet a number of people with different persuasions, ideals and expression in varied dialects and language.

Bautista natives' livelihoods are farming, broom making (fiber, tanobong and midribs), dressmaking, sawali making, buro making, building construction, auto mechanics, basketry, bag making, blacksmithing, pottery, ceramics and hollow blocks making and rattan crafts. The residents also have clay, cattle, poultry, bamboo, rattan, anahaw, abiang, fishes, sugar, basi, vinegar and coconut, including watermelon and onion, its principal product.

1907 to 1920 was its golden years until San Quintin-Paniqui rail road line was opened, thus Bautista lost to Rosales, Tayug and San Quintin. The big floods of 1934 and 1972 almost annihilated the flood-prone town.[7]

Alcala March to RighteousnessEdit

The Alcala December 5, 2012 "March to Righteousness" was launched to have joined the Ombudsman of the Philippines observance of 9 December International Anti-Corruption Day United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), General Assembly of the United Nations (UN). Recently, Alcala held its Incident Command System Training, the Bautista LGU-Pangasinan, the Malacanang & Google hold MapUp Session, the 23rd National Statistics Month (NSM) and Philippine Civil Service Anniversary 2012.[8]

GeographyEdit

Bautista is located east of Pangasinan part of the Pangasinan's Fifth Congressional District with a land area of 8,213 hectares. Bautista is bounded by Alcala, Pangasinan, north; Bayambang, south, Agno River and Moncada, Tarlac, east.[5]

Bautista is 43 kilometres (27 mi) from Lingayen and 187 kilometres (116 mi) from Manila.

BarangaysEdit

Bautista is politically subdivided into 18 barangays:[9] These barangays are headed by elected officials: Barangay Captain, Barangay Council, whose members are called Barangay Councilors. All are elected every three years.

  • Artacho
  • Baluyot
  • Cabuaan
  • Cacandongan
  • Diaz
  • Nandacan
  • Nibaliw Norte
  • Nibaliw Sur
  • Palisoc
  • Poblacion East
  • Poblacion West
  • Pogo
  • Poponto
  • Primicias
  • Ketegan
  • Sinabaan
  • Vacante
  • Villanueva

Barangay Poblacion West is the site where the lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem were written, and it is known as the "Home of the Philippine National Anthem". In 1899, Jose Palma wrote his poem "Filipinas" which became the Anthem's lyrics.[10]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Bautista, Pangasinan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.1
(0.20)
11.6
(0.46)
21.1
(0.83)
27.7
(1.09)
232.9
(9.17)
350.8
(13.81)
679.8
(26.76)
733.1
(28.86)
505
(19.9)
176.6
(6.95)
67.2
(2.65)
17.7
(0.70)
2,828.6
(111.38)
Average rainy days 3 3 3 4 14 18 23 25 22 15 8 4 142
Source: World Weather Online[11]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Bautista
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,661—    
1918 5,424−1.36%
1939 7,203+1.36%
1948 9,176+2.73%
1960 12,375+2.52%
1970 14,985+1.93%
1975 16,749+2.26%
1980 18,072+1.53%
1990 21,280+1.65%
1995 23,375+1.77%
2000 27,066+3.19%
2007 28,094+0.52%
2010 30,193+2.66%
2015 32,307+1.30%
2020 35,398+1.81%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[12][13][14][15]

EconomyEdit


GovernmentEdit

Bautista, belonging to the fifth congressional district of the province of Pangasinan, is governed by a mayor designated as its local chief executive and by a municipal council as its legislative body in accordance with the Local Government Code. The mayor, vice mayor, and the councilors are elected directly by the people through an election which is being held every three years.

Municipal sealEdit

The official seal of Bautista has "BAYAN NG BAUTISTA" amid the green color (agricultural area, the gear, farming developments, the carabao).[23]

Elected officialsEdit

Members of the Municipal Council
(2019–2022)[24]
Position Name
Congressman Ramon V. Guico III
Mayor Amadeo T. Espino
Vice-Mayor Joseph G. Espino
Councilors Rosemarie G. Gacutan
Albino D. Mejia Sr.
Simplicio I. Petinez III
Raem V. Aquino
Jesus S. Villanueva
Enrico Y. Siahon
Nilo F. Laguardia
Dominador C. Ramos

TourismEdit

 
1723 Parish Church of St. John the Baptist facade

Bautista celebrates Philippine Eagle Week from June 4, 2012, to June 10, 2012 (Presidential Proclamation No. 79).[25]

In the "Parada Na Dayew", a festivals of Pangasinan towns in the 432nd anniversary of April 11, 2012, Bautista Float Entry "Lupang Hinirang" claimed the 1st runner-up trophy with a cash of P 75, 000 and trophy.[26]

  • Maekrisanne Resort, Bautista Police Building, Bautista Municipal Park, Bautista Municipal Auditorium, Rural Bank of Bautista (Pangasinan), Inc. and Jose Palma Historic Place
  • 2nd Buntis Congress was held at Bautista[27] (August 15, 2012 at Maekrisanne Garden Resort attended by 134 participants).[28]

1723 Parish Church of St. John the BaptistEdit

Bautista derived its name from Saint John the Baptist ("Voice of the Wilderness and the Precursor of the Lord"), hence its town fiesta on 23 and 24 June, the nativity of St. John, the Baptist.[29]

The Parish Church of St. John the Baptist (F-1723), Poblacion East, Bautista, 2424 Pangasinan has a population of 19,547 Catholics with Parish Priests, Rev. Rafael Mesa and Rev. Rolando A. Fernandez.[30] It is a part of the Vicariate IV: Queen of Peace,[31] under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan.[32][33][34] Its Vicar Forane is Rev. Fr. Alberto T. Arenos.[31][35][36]

EducationEdit

Bautista Schools include Baluyot, BNHS, Bautista Central School, CNHS and St. John Institute and A. Diaz, Sr. Elementary School, inter alia.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Bautista | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Ordinances | Municipality of Bautista". Archived from the original on 2015-05-03. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  6. ^ http://www.bautista.gov.ph/?attachment_id=353[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ http://www.bautista.gov.ph/?page_id=110[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ http://www.bautista.gov.ph/?p=1120[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Province: PANGASINAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  10. ^ http://www.bautista.gov.ph/?page_id=172[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Bautista, Pangasinan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  12. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  13. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  14. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  15. ^ "Province of Pangasinan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  16. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  22. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  23. ^ http://www.bautista.gov.ph/?page_id=275[permanent dead link]
  24. ^ "2019 National and Local Elections" (PDF). Commission on Elections. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  25. ^ http://www.bautista.gov.ph/?page_id=691[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ http://www.bautista.gov.ph/?page_id=349[permanent dead link]
  27. ^ http://www.pia.gov.ph/news/index.php?article=1941345800595[permanent dead link]
  28. ^ http://www.pia.gov.ph/news/index.php?article=1941345790626[permanent dead link]
  29. ^ http://www.bautista.gov.ph/?page_id=105[permanent dead link]
  30. ^ "Parishes". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2014-12-21.
  31. ^ a b "Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan". Archived from the original on 2016-05-15. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  32. ^ "Diocese of Urdaneta". Archived from the original on 2012-09-04. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  33. ^ "List of Parishes of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Urdaneta | Philippine Churches". Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-09-28.
  34. ^ "Capital of Pangasinan: All Churches in Pangasinan". Archived from the original on 2016-03-31. Retrieved 2014-12-23.
  35. ^ "Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  36. ^ "Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan: Vicariate of Sto. Tomas de Aquino". Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2013-09-08.

SourcesEdit

  • Boletin Ecclesiastico de Filipinas
    • Rosario Cortez, PANGASINAN, 1901-1986: A Political, Socio Economic and Cultural History

External linksEdit