Bautista, Pangasinan

Bautista, officially the Municipality of Bautista (Pangasinan: Baley na Bautista; Ilocano: Ili ti Bautista; Tagalog: Bayan ng Bautista), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 32,307 people. [3]

Municipality of Bautista
Official seal of Bautista
Map of Pangasinan with Bautista highlighted
Map of Pangasinan with Bautista highlighted
Bautista is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°47′N 120°30′E / 15.78°N 120.5°E / 15.78; 120.5Coordinates: 15°47′N 120°30′E / 15.78°N 120.5°E / 15.78; 120.5
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
District5th District
FoundedMay 5, 1900
Barangays18 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorAmadeo T. Espino
 • Vice MayorJoseph G. Espino
 • RepresentativeRamon V. Guico III
 • Electorate20,478 voters (2019)
 • Total46.33 km2 (17.89 sq mi)
21 m (69 ft)
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total32,307
 • Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence14.07% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱75,223,935.67 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)75
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesPangasinan

Bautista is called "The Walis Tambo (broom) Capital of Pangasinan".[5] It is honored as the "Lupang Hinirang".[6]


Bautista is located east of Pangasinan part of the Pangasinan's Fifth Congressional District with a land area of 8,213 hectares and 32 kilometers off Dagupan. Bautista is bounded by Alcala, Pangasinan, north; Bayambang, south, Agno River and Moncada, Tarlac, east.[5]


Bautista is politically subdivided into 18 barangays:[7]

  • Artacho
  • Baluyot
  • Cabuaan
  • Cacandongan
  • Diaz
  • Nandacan
  • Nibaliw Norte
  • Nibaliw Sur
  • Palisoc
  • Poblacion East
  • Poblacion West
  • Pogo
  • Poponto
  • Primicias
  • Ketegan
  • Sinabaan
  • Vacante
  • Villanueva

Barangay Poblacion West is the site where the lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem were written, and it is known as the "Home of the Philippine National Anthem". In 1899, Jose Palma wrote his poem "Filipinas" which became the Anthem's lyrics.[8]


Climate data for Bautista, Pangasinan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
Average low °C (°F) 21
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.1
Average rainy days 3 3 3 4 14 18 23 25 22 15 8 4 142
Source: World Weather Online[9]


Boletin Ecclesiastico de Filipinas published that the Dominicans founded Pangasinan towns of Binalatongan (City of San Carlos, 1588), Calasiao, 1588, Mangaldan, 1600, Manaoag, 1608, Lingayen, 1614, Dagupan, 1614 and Telbang (now Bautista, 1614). A historian, Rosario Cortez, however, wrote that Bautista existed since 1686, but was removed to the Parish of Bayambang.

The "Rebirth of Bautista" as municipality was only in 1900. Don Ramon Reynado became the first town executive along with other notable founder: Guillermo Agcaoile, Francisco Gonzales, Felipe Ramos, Dionisio Galvan, Teodoro Carungay, Claudio and Antonio Galsim, Marciano Guzman, Nicolas Galsim, Marcelino Villanueva and Eleno Cayabyab.

Bautista was dubbed "mercancia" or "Melting Pot" (where cargoes due to Camiling, Tarlac were traded via the Agno River or by train). The municipality was truly a melting pot, indicative of which is the diversity of people's dialects and languages. The residents of the town were Pangasinenses, Ilocanos, Tagalogs, Pampangos, Chinese and Spanish. The people of Nibaliw, Baluyot and Cabuaan are mostly Pangasinenses. The people of Nandacan, Villanueva, Poponto, Primicias, Artacho and Pogo are predominantly Ilocanos. Within the Poblacion, one would be able to meet a number of people with different persuasions, ideals and expression in varied dialects and language.

Bautista natives' livelihoods are farming, broom making (fiber, tanobong and midribs), dressmaking, sawali making, buro making, building construction, auto mechanics, basketry, bag making, blacksmithing, pottery, ceramics and hollow blocks making and rattan crafts. The residents also have clay, cattle, poultry, bamboo, rattan, anahaw, abiang, fishes, sugar, basi, vinegar and coconut, including watermelon and onion, its principal product.

1907 to 1920 was its golden years until San Quintin-Paniqui rail road line was opened, thus Bautista lost to Rosales, Tayug and San Quintin. The big floods of 1934 and 1972 almost annihilated the flood-prone town.[10]


Population census of Bautista
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,661—    
1918 5,424−1.36%
1939 7,203+1.36%
1948 9,176+2.73%
1960 12,375+2.52%
1970 14,985+1.93%
1975 16,749+2.26%
1980 18,072+1.53%
1990 21,280+1.65%
1995 23,375+1.77%
2000 27,066+3.19%
2007 28,094+0.52%
2010 30,193+2.66%
2015 32,307+1.30%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][11][12][13]

Local governmentEdit

The official seal of Bautista has "BAYAN NG BAUTISTA" amid the green color (agricultural area, the gear, farming developments, the carabao).[14]

Amado "Pogi" Ignacio Espino III is its Municipal Mayor, while Joseph "Jojo" G. Espino is Municipal Vice Mayor/ SB Presiding Officer.

Sangguniang Bayan Members are: Jesus "Jun Jun" A. Villanueva Jr., Ramon A. Carbonell Jr., Carlos V. Pagsolingan, Mario V. Ferrer, Johnny R. Escano, Dominador C. Ramos, Manuel A. Carbonell Jr., Simplicio C. Petinez Jr., Amadeo T. Espino, Liga ng mga Barangay President, Provincial Board Member, Albino M. Mejia Sr. – OIC Liga ng mga Barangay and Joshua Czar P. Espino – SK Federation President.[15]

Alcala March to RighteousnessEdit

The Alcala December 5, 2012 "March to Righteousness" was launched to have joined the Ombudsman of the Philippines observance of 9 December International Anti-Corruption Day United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), General Assembly of the United Nations (UN). Recently, Alcala held its Incident Command System Training, the Bautista LGU-Pangasinan, the Malacanang & Google hold MapUp Session, the 23rd National Statistics Month (NSM) and Philippine Civil Service Anniversary 2012.[16]


1723 Parish Church of St. John the Baptist facade

Bautista celebrates Philippine Eagle Week from June 4, 2012 to June 10, 2012 (Presidential Proclamation No. 79).[17]

In the "Parada Na Dayew", a festivals of Pangasinan towns in the 432nd anniversary of April 11, 2012, Bautista Float Entry "Lupang Hinirang" claimed the 1st runner-up trophy with a cash of P 75, 000 and trophy.[18]

  • Maekrisanne Resort, Bautista Police Building, Bautista Municipal Park, Bautista Municipal Auditorium, Rural Bank of Bautista (Pangasinan), Inc. and Jose Palma Historic Place
  • 2nd Buntis Congress was held at Bautista[19] (August 15, 2012 at Maekrisanne Garden Resort attended by 134 participants).[20]

1723 Parish Church of St. John the BaptistEdit

Bautista derived its name from Saint John the Baptist ("Voice of the Wilderness and the Precursor of the Lord"), hence its town fiesta on 23 and 24 June, the nativity of St. John, the Baptist.[21]

The Parish Church of St. John the Baptist (F-1723), Poblacion East, Bautista, 2424 Pangasinan has a population of 19,547 Catholics with Parish Priests, Rev. Rafael Mesa and Rev. Rolando A. Fernandez.[22] It is a part of the Vicariate IV: Queen of Peace,[23] under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan.[24][25][26] Its Vicar Forane is Rev. Fr. Alberto T. Arenos.[23][27][28]


Bautista Schools include Baluyot, BNHS, Bautista Central School, CNHS and St. John Institute and A. Diaz, Sr. Elementary School, inter alia.

Image galleryEdit


  1. ^ Municipality of Bautista | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Pangasinan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-05-03. Retrieved 2012-12-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Province: PANGASINAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  8. ^[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Bautista, Pangasinan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  10. ^[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Province of Pangasinan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  14. ^[permanent dead link]
  15. ^[permanent dead link]
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  18. ^[permanent dead link]
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  21. ^[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2014-12-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-05-15. Retrieved 2012-12-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-04. Retrieved 2013-09-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-09-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-31. Retrieved 2014-12-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2013-09-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2013-09-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)


  • Boletin Ecclesiastico de Filipinas
    • Rosario Cortez, PANGASINAN, 1901-1986: A Political, Socio Economic and Cultural History

External linksEdit