Bauhinia tomentosa

Bauhinia tomentosa, the yellow bauhinia[2] or yellow bell orchid tree, is a species of plant in the family Fabaceae. It is found in South Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Tropical Africa, India and Sri Lanka.[3] The plant is known to have antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria.[4][5]

Bauhinia tomentosa
Flower of YBO.jpg
Flowers of yellow bauhinia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Bauhinia
B. tomentosa
Binomial name
Bauhinia tomentosa
  • Alvesia bauhinioides Welw.
  • Alvesia tomentosa (L.) Britton & Rose
  • Bauhinia pubescens DC.
  • Bauhinia tomentosa var. glabrata Hook. f.
  • Bauhinia volkensii Taub.
  • Bauhinia wituensis Harms
  • Pauletia tomentosa (L.) A.Schmitz
yellow bell orchid tree leaves
Yellow bauhinia


Yellow bauhinia is a small tree with a maximum height of 4m.[6] It has drooping slender branches with a scrambling stem usually is multi-stemmed. Greyish bark is smooth and sometimes hairy, which gives its specific name tomentosa. Greenish leaves are deeply divided and elliptic in nature; margin entire. Flowers bell-shaped with large, yellow petals with a dark maroon patch at the base. Fruit pale-brown is a pod.[7]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "PlantFiles: Yellow Bauhinia, Yellow Bell Orchid Tree". Dave's Garden. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  3. ^ "Bauhinia tomentosa |". Retrieved 2019-07-20.
  4. ^ Dugasani, S; Balijepalli, MK; Tandra, S; Pichika, MR (2010). "Antimicrobial activity of Bauhinia tomentosa and Bauhinia vahlii roots". Pharmacogn Mag. 6 (23): 204–7. doi:10.4103/0973-1296.66937. PMC 2950383. PMID 20931080.
  5. ^ Kannan, N; Renitta, RE; Guruvayoorappan, C (2010). "Bauhinia tomentosa stimulates the immune system and scavenges free radical generation in vitro". J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. 21 (2): 157–68. doi:10.1515/jbcpp.2010.21.2.157. PMID 20853598. S2CID 88090375.
  6. ^ "Bauhinia tomentosa, Yellow Bauhinia, Shrub". Plant Information. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  7. ^