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Bauang, officially the Municipality of Bauang (Ilocano: Ili ti Bauang; Filipino: Bayan ng Bauang), is a 1st class municipality in the province of La Union, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 75,032 people.  In Philippine Literature and History, it is known for being the homeplace of literary icon and World War II martyr Manuel Arguilla.
|Municipality of Bauang|
Approaching the Bauang town center along the National Highway
Sulong Bauang 2030 and Vineyard City of the North by 2030
Map of La Union with Bauang highlighted
|Region||Ilocos Region (Region I)|
|Founded||January 5, 1586|
|Barangays||39 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Menchie L. de Guzman|
|• Vice Mayor||Henry A. Bacurnay Jr.|
|• Congressman||Sandra Y. Eriguel|
|• Electorate||46,174 voters (2019)|
|• Total||73.15 km2 (28.24 sq mi)|
(2015 census) 
|• Density||1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|• Income class||1st municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||5.71% (2015)|
|• Revenue||PHP 387,175,743.76 million (43%) (2018)|
|• Assets||PHP 871,490,364.36 million (17.3%) (2018)|
|• Expenditure||PHP 249,379,640.01 million (22.7%) (2018)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)72|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
Bauang originated from either two Ilocano language words: baoang (meaning "garlic") or buang also means "river split into two" flowing into the sea (in reference to the delta that divides an eponymous river into two).
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In 1590, Bauang started as a settlement. Spanish Friar Agustin Mino was appointed its first minister. In 1765, it became a town and formed part of Pangasinan. Don Francisco delos Reyes sat as its first gobernadorcillo. With the creation of La Union in 1850, Bauang became one of its twelve towns.
Like other towns in the province, Bauang also had its share in the devastating invasions of Moro pirates ("tirong") made series of invasions in Bauang, hence, the rise of watchtowers (baluarte, by the Gobernadorcillo Don Juan Mallare). In 1890, Bauang revolucionarios led by Remigio Patacsil and Mauro Ortiz ousted the Spanish colonizers (cazadores or Spanish soldiers) and the revolucionarios (Filipinos).
In 1913, however, Bauang barrios were given to San Fernando: Pagudpud, Pagdalagan, Sevilla, Bungro, Tanquigan and Sibuan-Otong. In the Pacific War, heroes of Bauang fought in its beaches, in Lingayen Gulf, Bataan and Corregidor (as USAFIP-NL). The Japanese executed Manuel Arguilla, poet and journalist, Major Alberto O. Fenit (USAFFE) and Bauang Mayor Ambrosio Rimando. A town plaza monument today honors these Bauang heroes.
Bauang is known as the Beach Capital of the Philippines (1970, the shorelines of Baccuit Sur to Pagdalagan Sur). Bauang has a treasure: Research Reef (a dive spot for local and foreign scuba divers).
|Climate data for Bauang, La Union|
|Average high °C (°F)||30
|Average low °C (°F)||21
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||42
|Average rainy days||11.2||12.0||17.1||21.2||27.1||26.8||28.1||27.0||26.0||24.5||17.7||12.4||251.1|
|Source: Meteoblue |
|1||Central East (Poblacion)||4,249||15||Dili||1,674||29||Lower San Agustin||1,123|
|2||Acao||4,233||16||Payocpoc Norte Oeste||1,633||30||Bagbag||1,121|
|3||Central West (Poblacion)||3,951||17||Ballay||1,608||31||Casilagan||1,085|
|4||Paringao||3,850||18||Cabalayangan||1,537||32||Upper San Agustin||1,053|
|8||Pagdalagan Sur||2,553||22||Santa Monica||1,373||36||Disso-or||946|
|12||Baccuit Sur||2,095||26||Payocpoc Norte Este||1,212||Bauang Total||70,735|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority   |
In the 2015 census, the population of Bauang was 75,032 people,  with a density of 1,000 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,600 inhabitants per square mile.
Just as the national government, the Bauang's municipal government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The LGUs have control of the executive and legislative branch.
The executive branch is composed of the mayor and the barangay captain for the barangays. The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly), Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.
The seat of Government is vested upon the Mayor Menchie L. de Guzman who holds office since June 30, 2019 at the Bauang Town Hall. The Sangguniang Bayan is the center of legislation.
Elected municipal officials 2019-2022Edit
- Mayor: Menchie L. de Guzman
- Vice Mayor: Henry A. Bacurnay Jr.
- Tanya Roberta A. de Guzman
- Angelo "Bong" S. Aquino
- Lorie Ann G. de Guzman
- Warlito "Wally" B. Daus Jr.
- Gabriel "Gabby" A. Sotto
- George "Kulot" B. Picardal
- Donny Caezar D. Baradi
- Danilo "Puto" P. Abuan
- Noel "Wowie" T. Gallardo - ABC President
- Demieliz E. Nudo - SK Federation President
Festivals and local eventsEdit
|January 5||Foundation Anniversary|
|Holy Week||Electric Fluvial Parade (Stations of the Cross)|
|April (First Friday)||Kalgaw Summer Beach Sports Festival|
|June 29||Patronal Fiesta (Sts. Peter and Paul)|
|First Saturday of October||OktoberFest|
|October 31||Panagkakararua Festival|
|December 16 to January 5||Baggak Festival|
Bauang's main products are rice, corn, guapples and native grapes (barangays Payocpoc, Santiago, Bagbag and Urayong), mango, lowland vegetables, livestock, tobacco, marine products, saltwater fish politically.
Guapple by-products are also sold in Bauang: bread, buchi, chunky, cocktail, cookies, cupcake, dried, empanada, espasol, flan, guinataan, gulaman, inipit, jam, jelly, juice, kutsinta, pastilles, maja, marmalade, oatmeal, pie, yema, polvoron, preserved, rolls, siopao, tarts, turrones, macaroons, bars, and fingers as pasalubongs.
Beaches and sunsets of BauangEdit
Bauang is known for its fine-sand beaches, including Taberna, Baccuit Sur and Norte, Paringao, and Pagdalagan Sur beaches.
Bauang's beaches are accessible from several resorts: Bali Hai Beach Resort (Paringao), Long Beach Resort, Coconut Grove Beach Resort and San Luis del Mar (Baccuit Norte), inter alia.
Saints Peter and Paul Parish ChurchEdit
The Sts. Peter & Paul Parish Church (canonically erected on 25 April 1587 by the Augustinian missionaries) celebrates its fiesta every June 29. It is under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Fernando de La Union (Dioecesis Ferdinandopolitana ab Unione, Suffragan of Lingayen – Dagupan, which was created on January 19, 1970 and erected on April 11, 1970, comprising the Civil Province of La Union, under the Titular, St. William the Hermit, February 10). It has been headed by the Most Rev. Rodolfo F. Beltran, D.D., bishop since 18 January 2013. The Church is under a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines from the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia. The Church is also under the pastorship of Rev. Fr. Perpetuo Concepcion. Its Parochial Fiesta is on April 26.
The Saints Peter and Paul Church is one of the oldest church in the Philippines. Damaged by the 1892 earthquake, the Church was restored in 1895. Damaged again in 1944, the stone convent was destroyed in 1955. The Sacred Heart School now stands from the old Convent.
The Church has a rectangular four-storey bell tower (with two bells, restored with cement and hollow blocks in 1973). The Church interior was painted in 1978. The 16 July 1990 quake destroyed the facade which was later rebuilt. In 1901 US Army's (then) Lt. Col. Thomas Barry, who was chasing Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine-American War, took the bell as a "token souvenir" and later gave the bell to his alma mater, the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, where it was housed for over a century. The bell was ceremoniously returned to the Philippines in May 2016 to be reinstalled in the Peter and Paul Church.
The Grotto of our Lady of Lourdes is at the foot of the Church.
400-year old San Pedro BellEdit
On May 23, 2016, the 400-year old "San Pedro" bell made from alloy of gold, silver and copper has been returned to the Saints Peter and Paul Parish Church, after American soldiers during the Philippine-American War in 1901 took it from the church to West Point Academy in New York.
1590 Energy Corporation The Bauang Diesel Power Plant formerly owned by the Bauang Private Power Corporation (BPPC) is a diesel-fired power plant which commenced operations in July 1995 with a 215 MW-capacity. State-owned National Power Corporation and the First Private Power Corp. (FPPC) entered into a Build-Operate-Transfer Agreement for the BPCC for a period of 15 years.
On July 26, 2010, after the BOT expiration, it was turned-over to the NAPOCOR and the Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management Corp. (PSALM) and later to the Provincial Government of La Union. Both Viviant Energy Corporation and Gigawatt Power, Inc. under the 1590 Energy Corp. operates the Bauang power facility provide the additional supply to the Luzon grid.
Major facilities inside the plant include a substation, two 100,000 bbl steel fuel storage tanks, sludge treatment plant, and five auxiliary buildings consisting of an administration building (812 sq.m), maintenance building (981 sq.m), warehouse building (591 sq.m), guest house (583 sq.m), bunk house (660 sq.m), and a canteen (550 sq.m).
The world's largest medium speed power station in Bauang maintains an IMS certification for ISO 9901:2000, ISO 14001:2004, and OHSAS 18001 from Certification International.
PLDT Asia-Pacific Cable Network (APCN) in Baccuit Sur A Digital Optical Cable System for telecommunications services linking Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand, Singapore, and the Philippines is strategically located at the coastline barangay of Baccuit Norte in Bauang, La Union.
The facility, owned by the Philippine Long Distance Telecommunications Company, aims to benefit the users of telecommunications services and consequently stimulate the rapid expansion of business and government intercourse between the Philippines and the foreign countries to be served.
- Acao Elementary School - Barangay Acao
- Baccuit Elementary School - Barangay Baccuit Sur
- Bagbag Elementary School - Barangay Bagbag
- Ballay Elementary School - Barangay Ballay
- Baratao Elementary School - Sitio Baratao, Barangay Acao
- Bauang North Central School - Barangay Central East
- Bawanta Elementary School - Barangay Bawanta
- Bigbiga Elementary School - Sitio Bigbiga, Barangay Lower San Agustin
- Boy-Utan Elementary School - Barangay Boy-Utan
- Bucayab Elementary School - Barangay Bucayab
- Cabalayangan Elementary School - Barangay Cabalayangan
- Calumbaya Elementary School - Barangay Calumbaya
- Casilagan Integrated School - Barangay Casilagan
- Guerrero Elementary School - Barangay Guerrero
- Palugsi-Limmansangan Elementary School - Barangay Palugsi-Limmansangan
- Parian Este Elementary School - Barangay Parian Este
- Parian Oeste Elementary School - Barangay Parian Oeste
- Paringao Elementary School - Barangay Paringao
- Payocpoc Elementary School - Barangay Payocpoc Sur
- Pudoc Primary School - Barangay Pudoc
- Pugo Elementary School - Barangay Pugo
- Quinavite Elementary School - Barangay Quinavite
- Saint Anthony Montessori Educational Network, Inc. (Private) - Barangay Central East
- Saints Peter and Paul Learning Center (Private) - Barangay Central East, beside the Church
- San Agustin Elementary School- Barangay Upper San Agustin
- Santiago Elementary School - Barangay Santiago
- Santa Monica Elementary School - Barangay Santa Monica
- Baccuit National High School - Barangay Baccuit Sur
- Ballay National High School - Barangay Ballay
- Bawanta National High School - Barangay Bawanta
- Casilagan Integrated School - Barangay Casilagan
- Don Eulogio de Guzman Memorial National High School - Barangay Calumbaya
- Eulogio Clarence de Guzman Junior Memorial National Vocational HS (formerly Acao National High School) - Barangay Acao
- Paringao National High School - Barangay Paringao
- Sacred Heart School (Private) - Barangay Central East
- Saint Anthony Montessori Educational Network, Inc. (Private) - Barangay Central East
- La Union Colleges of Science and Technology (Private) - Barangay Central West
- Saint Louis College Development Center (Private)
Bauang in LiteratureEdit
- Garcia, William June (8 April 2015). "Grape-picking an attraction in Bauang". The Manila Times. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- "DOLE-1 infuses P1-M worth of livelihood assistance to Bauang, La Union's carabao-based enterprise". Department of Labor and Employment Ilocos Region. 21 July 2015. Archived from the original on 15 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- Municipality of Bauang | Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)
- "Province: La Union". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
- "Taboan Writers Festival set in La Union". Philippine Information Agency Website. 2017-11-21. Retrieved 2020-07-06.
- José, Francisco Sionil (December 8, 2003), "A Sense of Time and Place", Philippine Graphic
- Sotelo, Yolanda (2017-06-04). "House in literary classic defies time". The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2020-07-06.
- "Municipality of Bauang, La Union Philippines". Archived from the original on 2012-12-19. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- "Bauang: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority, April 4, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of La Union". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Local Government Code of the Philippines, Book III Archived 2009-03-26 at the Wayback Machine, Department of Interior and Local Government official website
- "Municipality of Bauang, La Union Philippines". Archived from the original on 2012-12-18. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- "Catholic Directory of the Philippines - Claretian Communications Foundation, Inc". Archived from the original on 2013-12-31.
- David M. Cheney. "San Fernando de La Union (Diocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy]".
- Local Government Units: Municipality of Bauang - Province of La Union :: Official Website Archived July 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- Charmaine (5 October 2017). "[RMM] Instituto Nuestra Senora de la Merced de Barcelona".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2012-12-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "San Pedro bell returned to PH after 101 years at West Point chapel". balitangamerica.tv. May 2, 2016.
- "US returns La Union's 400-year-old bell". The Philippine Star. May 19, 2016.
- "West Point, NY chapel returns San Pedro bell to Bauang, La Union church". Asian Journal. May 6, 2016. Archived from the original on May 29, 2016. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
- Beleo, Erwin G. (23 May 2016). "400-year old San Pedro bell returns to its original home". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
- Dalisay, Butch. "Handfuls of fragrant hay". Retrieved 2020-07-06.
- Remoto, Danton. "From Nagrebcan to never-never land". Retrieved 2020-07-06.
- José, Francisco Sionil (2005), Alejandro Padilla (ed.), Termites in the Sala, Heroes in the Attic:Why We Are Poor, Ermita, Manila: Solidaridad Publishing House, ISBN 971-8845-41-0
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