Batz-sur-Mer

Batz-sur-Mer (Breton: Bourc'h-Baz) is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.

Batz-sur-Mer
Commune
Batz sur Mer La plage.JPG
Coat of arms of Batz-sur-Mer
Coat of arms
Location of Batz-sur-Mer
Batz-sur-Mer is located in France
Batz-sur-Mer
Batz-sur-Mer
Batz-sur-Mer is located in Pays de la Loire
Batz-sur-Mer
Batz-sur-Mer
Coordinates: 47°16′41″N 2°28′44″W / 47.2781°N 2.4789°W / 47.2781; -2.4789Coordinates: 47°16′41″N 2°28′44″W / 47.2781°N 2.4789°W / 47.2781; -2.4789
CountryFrance
RegionPays de la Loire
DepartmentLoire-Atlantique
ArrondissementSaint-Nazaire
CantonLa Baule-Escoublac
IntercommunalityCap Atlantique
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Marie-Catherine Lehuédé
Area
1
9.27 km2 (3.58 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
2,906
 • Density310/km2 (810/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
44010 /44740
Elevation0–21 m (0–69 ft)
(avg. 12 m or 39 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The commune is situated on a former island that, until around the 9th century, was separate from the mainland at Guérande and the neighboring island of Le Croisic. The territory of the commune is now part of the wild coast of Guérande Peninsula with rocky cliffs, sandy beaches along the Atlantic Ocean, and an extensive salt marshes to the northeast and east.

The town lies between the Bay of Biscay and its salt marshes and is a very Breton town of whitewashed granite houses.[2]

HistoryEdit

In 945, Alan II, Duke of Brittany, founded a priory in Batz-sur-Mer, dedicated to St Winwaloe. Its Benedictine monks developed the local economy, and apart from religion they devoted themselves to agriculture and to the maintenance of salt ponds.

The historic church of Saint-Guénolé, or Winwaloe, largely dating from the 15th century, stands in the town centre.[3] The church contains a 16th-century sculpture of the Madonna and Child,[4] and its 17th-century belfry provides a significant local landmark.[2] Climbing to the top of the tower gives a good view over the salt marshes and the Le Croisic peninsula.[5]

Batz was historically part of the Duchy of Brittany and is very near to the south-eastern limit of the area in which there is evidence of Breton settlement in the early Middle Ages.[6] The town remained part of Brittany until 1957, and the Breton language was still being spoken there as late as the early 20th century.

In 1834, Balzac stayed in the commune, with Laure de Berny, at the Calme Logis of Madame de La Valette. He wrote there Un drame au bord de la mer,[7] which is set in nearby Le Croisic.

The mathematician Pavel Samuilovich Urysohn drowned while swimming there with his colleague Pavel Alexandrov, who was greatly distressed by his failure to save his friend. Urysohn is buried in Batz-sur-Mer.[8]

The Musée des marais salants (or salt ponds museum) was founded in 1887 by Adèle Pichon, a local nun, after she realized that tourism would put an end to the local way of life, and this is now one of the oldest traditional local museums in France.[5] See The works of Jean Fréour Sculptor of woman carrying salt outside this museum.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 3,346—    
1800 3,254−2.7%
1806 3,222−1.0%
1821 3,350+4.0%
1831 3,643+8.7%
1836 3,649+0.2%
1841 3,597−1.4%
1846 3,616+0.5%
1851 3,834+6.0%
1856 2,938−23.4%
1861 3,003+2.2%
1866 2,988−0.5%
1872 2,733−8.5%
1876 2,689−1.6%
1881 2,726+1.4%
1886 2,651−2.8%
1891 2,569−3.1%
1896 2,506−2.5%
1901 2,420−3.4%
1906 2,442+0.9%
1911 2,248−7.9%
1921 1,904−15.3%
1926 1,892−0.6%
1931 1,841−2.7%
1936 1,776−3.5%
1946 2,284+28.6%
1954 2,181−4.5%
1962 2,288+4.9%
1968 2,277−0.5%
1975 2,236−1.8%
1982 2,590+15.8%
1990 2,734+5.6%
1999 3,051+11.6%
2006 3,217+5.4%
2009 3,089−4.0%
2017 2,906−5.9%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b Arthur Eperon, The Loire Valley (1989), p. 195
  3. ^ Peter M. Nahm, Baedeker's Loire (1985), p. 42
  4. ^ The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, Volume 62 (1975), p. 21
  5. ^ a b Philippe Barbour, Brittany, 3rd (2005), p. 426
  6. ^ John T. Koch (ed.), Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia, Volumes 1-5 (2006), p. 188
  7. ^ Un drame au bord de la mer
  8. ^ Loren R. Graham, Jean-Michel Kantor, Naming infinity: a true story of religious mysticism and mathematical creativity, p. 177

External linksEdit