Battle of Thanesar (1567)

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Battle of Thanesar, (also known as the Battle of the Ascetics)[2] was fought on the eve of Solar eclipse holy bath fair on 9 April 1567, near Thanesar on the banks of the Sarsawati Ghaggar River in the state of Haryana. While the Mughal Emperor Akbar was on his campaign to subdue the rebellious Rajputs, he set up camp at a spring and established camp around that fresh water reservoir in order to properly manage his forces in the nearby regions.[3]

Battle of Thanesar
Part of Mughal-Rajput War 1558-1576
Basawan. Battle of rival ascetics. Akbarnama, ca. 1590, V&A Museum.jpg
Akbar viewing the Mughal army killing sannyasis, Akbarnama (1590-1596)
Date9 April 1567
Location
Thanesar, on the banks of the Holy Sarovar near Sarsawati Ghaggar River, present-day state of Haryana.
Result Expulsion of two rival groups of Sanyasis from the encampment of the Mughal Emperor Akbar.[1]
Belligerents
Mughal Empire Two rival groups of Sanyasis
Commanders and leaders
Akbar
Mehtar Khan
Ghazi Khan Badakshani
Strength
8000 men
2 cannons
400 matchlocks
75 war elephants
800-1000 Sanyasis

OccupationEdit

After staying at the spring for weeks during the scorching summer heat, Akbar and the Mughal army encountered a very large group of Sanyasis, who was gathered to take holy dip on the banks of the spring. The ascetics approached and entered the Mughal camp with complete disregard for the Mughal military standard and red tents symbolizing the emperor himself. Akbar was generally displeased at their arrival because he was gathering his armies, building morale, and preparing for his next campaign against Rana Udai Singh of Mewar. However the main intentions of the Sanyasi group was to drink and bathe in the spring, which they considered "Holy".[4]

As the summer afternoon began to scorch another group of sanyasis arrived and they began to gather in their hundreds and thousands around the Qanat. Outraged by their presence and intrusion, a general advised Akbar to take action. The Mughals were waiting for an opportunity to drive the ascetics out of their encampment, but Akbar believed that they would leave by sunset.

BattleEdit

 
Mughals slay the Sannyasis at Thanesar, Akbarnama

The Mughal Emperor Akbar, continued to concede the spring to the Sanyasis and carefully observed their actions. As the "first" large group of monks bathed and drank from the holy spring, a "second" group of monks also began to arrive in their hundreds. It was due to the arrival of the second group that tensions ignited among the two large groups, that eventually culminated in a brawl inside the spring and almost immediately the two rival groups of Sanyasis began to battle each other using katars.[5]

Concerned that the violence might spread into the Mughal encampment, the Mughal Emperor Akbar ordered almost 250 of his men to immediately retake the sarovar from the schismatic monks. The Mughals armed with talwars, piked-shields, matchlocks, and composite bows and arrows, ferociously overwhelmed the ranks of monks ultimately driving them away from the spring according to their jurisdiction, which justified the usage of force.[6]

AftermathEdit

The Mughal Emperor Akbar continued to command his campaign from Thanesar, and within the coming months the Mughals organized the well documented Siege of Chittorgarh against the forces of the Rana Udai Singh II at Chittor Fort.

Akbar had learnt a valuable lesson from this event and passed a Firman banning any commoner from entering any Mughal encampments without a credible reason.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Akbar". Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  2. ^ "Basawan - Akbar Watches a Battle Between Two Rival Groups - masterworks of painting". Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Basawan - Name - V&A Search the Collections". Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  4. ^ "chittor - airavat". Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  5. ^ Wade, Bonnie C. (1998). Imaging Sound. ISBN 9780226868417. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  6. ^ https://3086150802460984893-a-1802744773732722657-s-sites.googlegroups.com/site/airavat/Akbar_massacre_sannyasis.jpg?attachauth=ANoY7crJZ0rVpUFmpDq9RpuYxrECmEGmF7RN2H0caXQzbf9IoGggb2QUkfCd9svO_JL93Ta8OZR7KOWxQy4uEJezgz_JEGn-vOpMsXwdZXZUBuc_m8DbFn93HK1ZcDpbYzwuDVh7M7nVdAoFp644w7y_h2qNpyVl_l4rCx6OzLzWRLd8N40h91Rk8ntOvQh-luA3zaTQLk3kJ2Rxy325OUlUiGG8GhyLcg%3D%3D&attredirects=0[permanent dead link]