Battle of Thanesar (1567)
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Battle of Thanesar, (also known as the Battle of the Ascetics) was fought on the eve of Solar eclipse holy bath fair on 9 April 1567, near Thanesar on the banks of the Sarsawati Ghaggar River in the state of Haryana. While the Mughal Emperor Akbar was on his campaign to subdue the rebellious Rajputs, he set up camp at a spring and established camp around that fresh water reservoir in order to properly manage his forces in the nearby regions.
|Battle of Thanesar|
|Part of Mughal-Rajput War 1558-1576|
Akbar viewing the Mughal army killing sannyasis, Akbarnama (1590-1596)
|Mughal Empire||Two rival groups of Sanyasis|
|Commanders and leaders|
Ghazi Khan Badakshani
75 war elephants
After staying at the spring for weeks during the scorching summer heat, Akbar and the Mughal army encountered a very large group of Sanyasis, who was gathered to take holy dip on the banks of the spring. The ascetics approached and entered the Mughal camp with complete disregard for the Mughal military standard and red tents symbolizing the emperor himself. Akbar was generally displeased at their arrival because he was gathering his armies, building morale, and preparing for his next campaign against Rana Udai Singh of Mewar. However the main intentions of the Sanyasi group was to drink and bathe in the spring, which they considered "Holy".
As the summer afternoon began to scorch another group of sanyasis arrived and they began to gather in their hundreds and thousands around the Qanat. Outraged by their presence and intrusion, a general advised Akbar to take action. The Mughals were waiting for an opportunity to drive the ascetics out of their encampment, but Akbar believed that they would leave by sunset.
The Mughal Emperor Akbar, continued to concede the spring to the Sanyasis and carefully observed their actions. As the "first" large group of monks bathed and drank from the holy spring, a "second" group of monks also began to arrive in their hundreds. It was due to the arrival of the second group that tensions ignited among the two large groups, that eventually culminated in a brawl inside the spring and almost immediately the two rival groups of Sanyasis began to battle each other using katars.
Concerned that the violence might spread into the Mughal encampment, the Mughal Emperor Akbar ordered almost 250 of his men to immediately retake the sarovar from the schismatic monks. The Mughals armed with talwars, piked-shields, matchlocks, and composite bows and arrows, ferociously overwhelmed the ranks of monks ultimately driving them away from the spring according to their jurisdiction, which justified the usage of force.
The Mughal Emperor Akbar continued to command his campaign from Thanesar, and within the coming months the Mughals organized the well documented Siege of Chittorgarh against the forces of the Rana Udai Singh II at Chittor Fort.
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- https://3086150802460984893-a-1802744773732722657-s-sites.googlegroups.com/site/airavat/Akbar_massacre_sannyasis.jpg?attachauth=ANoY7crJZ0rVpUFmpDq9RpuYxrECmEGmF7RN2H0caXQzbf9IoGggb2QUkfCd9svO_JL93Ta8OZR7KOWxQy4uEJezgz_JEGn-vOpMsXwdZXZUBuc_m8DbFn93HK1ZcDpbYzwuDVh7M7nVdAoFp644w7y_h2qNpyVl_l4rCx6OzLzWRLd8N40h91Rk8ntOvQh-luA3zaTQLk3kJ2Rxy325OUlUiGG8GhyLcg%3D%3D&attredirects=0[permanent dead link]