Battle of Tenmokuzan

The 1582 Battle of Tenmokuzan (天目山の戦い, Tenmokuzan no Tatakai) in Japan, also known as the Battle of Toriibata, is regarded as the last stand of the Takeda clan. This was the final attempt by Takeda Katsuyori to resist the combined forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu and Oda Nobunaga, who had been campaigning against him for some time.

Battle of Tenmokuzan
Part of the Sengoku period
Katsuyori died at Mt.Tenmoku 01.jpg
Edo period scroll depicting the last battle of Takeda Katsuyori
Tenmoku Mountain, Kai Province, Japan
Result Oda-Tokugawa victory
Forces of Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu Forces of Takeda Katsuyori
Commanders and leaders
Oda Nobunaga
Tokugawa Ieyasu
Takeda Katsuyori 
Oyamada Nobushige Executed
4000[1] 35000[1]
Casualties and losses
Entire army destroyed, Katsuyori commits suicide.

In his bid to hide from his pursuers, Katsuyori burned his castle at Shinpu Castle and fled into the mountains, to another Takeda stronghold, called Iwadono, held by Oyamada Nobushige, an old Takeda retainer. Katsuyori was denied entry by Oyamada, and committed suicide with his wife, while the last remnant of his army held off their pursuers.[2][3]


After Oyamada Nobushige betrayed Katsuyori at the Battle of Tenmokuzan;[3] however, when he went to the Oda clan camp, he was executed by Oda Nobunaga's officer Horio Yoshiharu.


  1. ^ a b "月岡芳年 作「勝頼於天目山遂討死図」". Touken World. Retrieved May 21, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (1987). Battles of the Samurai. London: Arms and Armour Press. pp. 91–94. ISBN 9780853688266.
  3. ^ a b Turnbull, Stephen (2000). The Samurai Sourcebook. London: Cassell & C0. p. 231. ISBN 1854095234.