Battle of Snyder's Bluff

The Battle of Snyder's Bluff or Snyder's Mill[1] was fought from April 29 to May 1, 1863, during the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Union forces under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman conducted a feint against Confederate units holding the bluff, which was easily repelled.

Battle of Snyder's Bluff
Part of the American Civil War
DateApril 29 (1863-04-29) – May 1, 1863 (1863-06)
Location32°29′47″N 90°48′00″W / 32.4964°N 90.8000°W / 32.4964; -90.8000Coordinates: 32°29′47″N 90°48′00″W / 32.4964°N 90.8000°W / 32.4964; -90.8000
Result Confederate victory
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
William T. Sherman Louis Hébert
Units involved
XV Corps
Mississippi River Squadron
Hébert's Brigade
1 division
8 gunboats
10 transports
1 brigade
Casualties and losses
unknown unknown
Grant's Operations against Vicksburg.


Map of Snyder's Bluff Battlefield core and study areas by the American Battlefield Protection Program.

To ensure that troops were not withdrawn to Grand Gulf to assist Confederates there, a combined Union Army–Navy force feigned an attack on Snyder's Bluff, Mississippi. After noon on April 29, Lt. Cdr. K. Randolph Breese, with his eight gunboats and ten transports carrying Maj. Gen. Francis Blair's division, inched up the Yazoo River to the mouth of Chickasaw Bayou where they spent the night. At 9 a.m. the next morning, the force, minus one gunboat, continued upriver to Drumgould's Bluff and engaged the enemy batteries. During the fighting, the Choctaw suffered more than fifty hits, but no casualties occurred. Around 6 p.m., the troops disembarked and marched along Blake's Levee toward the guns. As they neared Drumgould's Bluff, a battery opened on them, creating havoc and casualties. The Union advance halted and, after dark, the men reembarked on the transports. The next morning, transports disembarked other troops. The swampy terrain and enemy heavy artillery fire forced them to retire. The gunboats opened fire again, about 3 p.m. on May 1, causing some damage. Later, the boats' fire slackened and stopped altogether after dark. Sherman had received orders to land his troops at Milliken's Bend, so the gunboats returned to their anchorages at the mouth of the Yazoo.


  1. ^ "Report of Brigadier General Louis Hebert, C S Army". Ohio State University. Retrieved 29 April 2016.