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The Battle of Sialkot was fought between Durrani Empire and Sukerchakia Misl of Dal Khalsa in 1761.

Battle of Sialkot
Part of Indian Campaign of Ahmad Shah Durrani
DateAugust, 1761
Location
Result Decisive Sikh victory.[1][2][3][4]
Belligerents
Nishan Sahib.svg Sukerchakia Misl Flag of the Abdali Afghan Tribes.jpeg Durrani Empire
Commanders and leaders
Charat Singh Nur ud din

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Ahmad Shah Durrani raided India and defeated the Marathas in the Third Battle of Panipat like he defeated them at Bararighat and Sikandrabad earlier in 1760. He gave a crushing blow to the Marathas which dragged the Marathas to Deccan and appointed Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II as the Emperor of India. Thereafter, he turned towards the Sikhs to defeat them and sent Nur-ud-din along with 12,000 Afghan soldiers to chastise the Sikhs for attacking them near river Chenab.[5]

The battleEdit

Nur-ud-din advanced with his troops to punish the Sikhs but he was repulsed in the battle fought at Chenab River. Following repulsion, Nur-ud-din withdrew under siege to Sialkot, northeast of Punjab capital of Lahore. He was further attacked by the Sikhs at Sialkot where his army was starved into surrender and he fled in disguise to save his life. Hence, the Sikhs defeated the Afghan army at Sialkot and forced them to retreat from India.

AftermathEdit

After defeat at Sialkot, the Afghans were defeated by the Sikhs at the Battle of Gujranwala (1761) in the same year.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jacques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Press. p. 939. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5. Archived from the original on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2015-08-30.
  2. ^ Grewal, J.S. (1990). The Sikhs of the Punjab. Cambridge University Press. p. 91. ISBN 0 521 63764 3. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  3. ^ "A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes, Volume 14". Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  4. ^ Bhagata, Siṅgha (1993). A History of the Sikh Misals. Publication Bureau, Punjabi University. p. 181. ...
  5. ^ Raj Pal Singh (2004). The Sikhs : Their Journey Of Five Hundred Years. Pentagon Press. p. 116. ISBN 9788186505465.