The Battle of Pometia took place in 502 BC, a year after a revolt by two Latin towns, Pometia and Cora, against Rome. A Roman army led by the consuls Agrippa Menenius Lanatus and Publius Postumius Tubertus was eventually successful in forcing the Pometians to surrender.
|Battle of Pometia|
|Part of the Roman–Latin wars|
|Commanders and leaders|
60,000 infantry2,300 cavalry
30,000 Infantry10,000 cavalry
|Casualties and losses|
|2,750 killed and wounded||
35,000 killedOnly 3,000 escaped
In 503 BC, two Latin towns, Pometia and Cora, said by Livy to be colonies of Rome, revolted against Rome. They had the assistance of the southern Aurunci tribe.
Livy says that a Roman army led by the consuls Agrippa Menenius Lanatus and Publius Postumius Tubertus met the enemy on the frontiers and was victorious, after which the war was confined to Pometia. Livy says many enemy prisoners were slaughtered by each side. Livy also says that the consuls celebrated a triumph, however the Fasti Triumphales record that an ovation was celebrated by Postumius and a triumph by Menenius, both over the Sabines.
In the following year the consuls were Opiter Virginius and Spurius Cassius. Livy says that they attempted to take Pometia by storm, but then resorted to siege engines. However the Aurunci launched a successful sally, destroying the siege engines, wounding many, and nearly killing one of the consuls. The Romans retreated to Rome, recruited additional troops, and returned to Pometia. They rebuilt the siege engines and when they were about to take the town, the Pometians surrendered. The Aurunci leaders were beheaded, the Pometians sold into slavery, the town razed and the land sold. Livy says the consuls celebrated a triumph as a result of the victory. The Fasti Triumphales record only one triumph, by Cassius (possibly over the Sabines although the inscription is unclear).
- ^ Livius, Titus (1998). The Rise of Rome. UK: Oxford University Press. p. 87. ISBN 9780191587603.
- ^ Livius, Titus (1998). The Rise of Rome. UK: Oxford University Press. p. 88. ISBN 9780191587603.
- ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, 2.16
- ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, 2.17