Battle of Mečkin Kamen

The Battle of Mečkin Kamen also known as 'Battle of Mechkin Kamen'[1][2] (Bulgarian: Битка при Мечкин Камен, Macedonian: Битка кај Мечкин Камен) occurred on the hill now known as Mečkin Kamen ("Bear's Stone"),[3] a few kilometres south from the town of Kruševo[4] on 12 August 1903. It was part of the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising, led by the Internal Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organisation (IMARO or VMARO) against the Ottoman Empire. The leading revolutionary commanders of the local Kruševo Republic were Nikola Karev and Pitu Guli.[5] The battle is an important event that is celebrated in Bulgaria and North Macedonia.

Battle of Mečkin Kamen
Part of Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising

The monument on the place of the battle of Mečkin Kamen built by the Bulgarian administration during the First World War and demolished by the Serbian authorities afterwards.
Date12 August 1903
Result Ottoman victory

Kruševo Republic

Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Pitu Guli  Ottoman Empire Bahtiyar Paşa
230 soldiers[citation needed] Ottoman Empire 2,000 soldiers[citation needed]
Casualties and losses
40 killed[citation needed] Ottoman Empire Unknown[citation needed]

Before the battle, Pitu Guli inspected his forces and found out that 70 out of the 300 men part of his unit did not have any weapons so he let them return home.[6] Following the takeover, and subsequent declaration of the Krusevo Republic, the surrounding areas were besieged by the Ottoman forces for an estimated 10 days, with the forces of the Bulgarians[7] and Aromanians being outnumbered and overrun. Following the Battle of Sliva and Mečkin Kamen, large parts of the Aromanian areas and villages were destroyed while 'the Bulgarian quarter' was mostly spared.[8] Revolutionary Pitu Guli and most of his men were killed at the battle of Mečkin Kamen while Nikola Karev managed to break through the Turkish lines and escaped back to Bulgaria.[9] The Turkish forces entered the town of Kruševo on 12 August 1903.[10]

A monument exists today on Mečkin Kamen where Pitu Guli was killed.[11] There is a World War II memorial by Dimo Todorovski at the same site.


  1. ^ The Macedonian Times, Issues 63-74, Republic of Macedonia, MI-AN, pg 5, pg 23, pg 36
  2. ^ Višinski, Boris (1973). The Epic of Ilinden. SR Macedonia: Macedonian Review Editions. pp. 241, 242.
  3. ^ Леандра Петрова, Димо Тодоровски (1980). Димо Тодоровски. Македонска книга. p. 49.
  4. ^ MacDermott, Mercia (1978). Freedom Or Death, the Life of Gotsé Delchev. Journeyman Press. p. 378. ISBN 9780904526325.
  5. ^ Brown, Keith S. (2013). Loyal Unto Death: Trust and Terror in Revolutionary Macedonia. Indiana University Press. p. 192. ISBN 9780253008350.
  6. ^ Stojčev, Vanče (2004). Military History of Macedonia. Military Academy "General Mihailo Apostolski". p. 321.
  7. ^ "Илинденско-Преображенското въстание 1903—1968 - 3". Retrieved 26 October 2023.
  8. ^ Bechev, Dimitar (2019). Historical Dictionary of North Macedonia. London: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 174. ISBN 9781538119617.
  9. ^ Assa, Aaron (1994). Macedonia and the Jewish People. Macedonian Review. p. 80.
  10. ^ Apostolski, Mihailo (1969). From the Past of the Macedonian People. Skopje Radio and Television. p. 173.
  11. ^ "7 Best Places to Visit in Macedonia Before You Die". Insider Monkey. Retrieved 5 August 2020.


  • MI-AN Publishing, Skopje 1998, Macedonia Yesterday And Today.

41°22′N 21°14′E / 41.367°N 21.233°E / 41.367; 21.233