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The Battle of Korakesion, also known as the Battle of Coracaesium, was a naval battle fought in 67 BC between the pirates of Cilicia and a Roman fleet under the command of Pompey. Plutarch describes it as the key battle of Pompey's clearing of the Mediterranean of pirates after several smaller battles. He writes of the battle that the pirates had about one thousand ships (almost certainly an exaggeration) against Pompey's two hundred, but were defeated in the initial naval engagement. Florus also states it was not a hard-fought affair as the pirates soon realised they were out-classed and most of them surrendered without much further ado.[2] After retreating to the shore, the pirates were apparently besieged in the town of Coracaesium, modern day Alanya, before surrendering.[3]

Battle of Korakesion
Part of Pompey's campaign against pirates
Alanyafromcastle.JPG
Skyline of modern Korakesion (Alanya)
Date67 BC
Location
36°31′48″N 32°00′36″E / 36.53000°N 32.01000°E / 36.53000; 32.01000Coordinates: 36°31′48″N 32°00′36″E / 36.53000°N 32.01000°E / 36.53000; 32.01000
Result Decisive Roman victory
Belligerents
Roman Republic Cilician pirates
Commanders and leaders
Pompey Unknown
Strength
200 (Roman claim) 1000 (Roman claim)
Casualties and losses
? 20,000 pirates surrendered[1]
Battle of Korakesion is located in Turkey
Battle of Korakesion
Location within Turkey

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ John Leach, Pompey the Great, p.72.
  2. ^ App. Mith. XIV 95 and 96; Flor. loc. cit.
  3. ^ Rauh, N. K.; Townsend, R. W.; Hoff, M.; Wandsnider, L. "Pirates in the Bay of Pamphylia: an Archaeological Inquiry". Clark University. Archived from the original on 2010-09-26. Retrieved October 18, 2009.