Battle of Koçhisar

The Battle of Koçhisar (Turkish: Koçhisar Muharebesi) took place on May 1516 nearby Kızıltepe and ended with a decisive victory for the Ottoman Empire over the Safavid Empire. It marked the halt of the Safavid expansion to the west. The Koçhisar battle was just the one of 41 years of destructive war, which only ended in 1555 with the Treaty of Amasya. Safavid commander Karahan Ustajlu killed at the battlefield and his most of men slaughtered by the Ottomans.

Battle of Koçhisar
Part of the Ottoman–Persian Wars
Koçhisar Muharebesi.png
Artwork of the Battle of Koçhisar at the Hoca Sadeddin Efendi’s book
DateMay 1516
Location
Kızıltepe, Mardin, Turkey
Result

Ottoman victory

  • Ottoman armies annexed the Southeastern Anatolia, Northeast Syria and North Iraq
Belligerents
Ottoman Empire Safavid Empire
Commanders and leaders
Bıyıklı Mehmed Pasha
Hüsrev Pasha
Ahmed Bey
Idris Bitlisi
Karahan Ustajlu  
Velihan Bey  
Durmish Khan Shamlu
Yegan Bey  
Strength

Total 14-16.000 and unknown artillery

  • 2.000 Janissary[1]
  • 1.000 Palaced cavalry[2]
  • 7.000 Timariot sipahi[3]
  • 4-6.000 Volunteer[4]
Approximately 12.000[5]
Casualties and losses
480[6] Approximately 10.000[7]
16th century Ottoman miniature depicting the Battle of Koçhisar

At Koçhisar, the Ottomans had a musketmans and artillery while the Safavid army did not have artillery nor musketman. Karahan Ustajlu (brother of Safavid Governor of Diyarbakır Mohammad Khan Ustajlu who killed at the Battle of Chaldiran) the commander of the Safavid army, was killed during the battle. After this defeat; Mardin, Urfa, Hasankeyf, Raqqa, Mosul and more important city besieged and captured by the Bıyıklı Mehmed Pasha’s army.

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Hoca Sadeddin Efendi. (1585). Tâcü’t-Tevârîh - IV. İstanbul ISBN 9751710979
  • Göyünç, N. (1969). XVI’ncı Yüzyılda Mardin Sancağı. İstanbul: İstanbul Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi. ISBN 9789751604026
  • T.C. Genelkurmay Başkanlığı. (1990). Yavuz Sultan Selim ve Mısır Seferi. Ankara: Genelkurmay Basımevi.
  • https://islamansiklopedisi.org.tr/biyikli-mehmed-pasa

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Nejat Göyünç, 26.
  2. ^ Genelkurmay Başkanlığı, 84.
  3. ^ Genelkurmay Başkanlığı, 84.
  4. ^ Genelkurmay Başkanlığı, 84.
  5. ^ Genelkurmay Başkanlığı, 85.
  6. ^ Nejat Göyünç, 29.
  7. ^ Hoca Sadeddin Efendi, 268.