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The Battle of Gujranwala was fought between Durrani Empire and the Sikh Confederacy.[5]

Battle of Gujranwala
Part of Indian Campaign of Ahmad Shah Durrani
DateSeptember, 1761
Location
Result Decisive Sikh victory.[1][2]
Belligerents
Nishan Sahib.svg Sikh Misls Flag of the Abdali Afghan Tribes.jpeg Durrani Empire
Commanders and leaders
Charat Singh, Hari Singh Dhillon, Jai Singh Kanheya[3][4] Abid Khan

The battleEdit

Ahmad Shah Durrani raided India in 1761 and defeated the Marathas in the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761, then he returned to Kabul and appointed Khwaja Abed Khan[6] the Afghani Governor of Lahore.[7] He wanted to defeat Sikhs in order to secure Afghani position in the entire Punjab region but was defeated by Sikh army under Charat Singh in the Battle of Sialkot (1761). He just recovered from defeat at Sialkot in August to besiege and defeat victorious Sikhs at Gujranwala, (northeast of Lahore) but Charat Singh being a sharp and courageous leader besieged the Afghani Governor, besides, he led a massive attack on the Afghani camp and looted almost all the guns and baggage of Afghans. Finally before the return of Ahmad Shah Durrani, Sikhs defeated Abid Khan and khan escaped to Kabul by narrow margin to save his life.[4] In the same year, the Sikhs plundered and captured Lahore city.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jacques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Press. p. 419. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  2. ^ Grewal, J.S. (1990). The Sikhs of the Punjab. Cambridge University Press. p. 91. ISBN 0 521 63764 3. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  3. ^ "A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes, Volume 14". Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  4. ^ a b Kakshi, S.R.; Pathak, Rashmi; Pathak, S.R.Bakshi R. (1 January 2007). Punjab Through the Ages. Sarup & Sons. p. 15. ISBN 978-81-7625-738-1. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  5. ^ Raj Pal Singh (2004). The Sikhs : Their Journey Of Five Hundred Years. Pentagon Press. p. 116. ISBN 9788186505465.
  6. ^ Kakshi, S.R.; Rashmi Pathak; S.R.Bakshi; R. Pathak (2007). Punjab Through the Ages. New Delhi: Sarup and Son. ISBN 978-81-7625-738-1.
  7. ^ Singh, Khushwant (11 October 2004). A History of the Sikhs: 1469-1838 (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 146. ISBN 978-0-19-567308-1. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
  8. ^ Grewal, J.S. (1990). The Sikhs of the Punjab. Cambridge University Press. p. 91. ISBN 0 521 63764 3. Retrieved 15 April 2014.