The Battle of Diwaniya took place in Al Diwaniyah, 180 kilometers (111 mi) south of Baghdad, on 28 August 2006 between the Mahdi Army and the Iraqi Army.

Battle of Diwaniya
Part of the Post-invasion Iraq
Date28 August 2006
Result Ceasefire
First Battle:
Iraq Iraq
Second Battle:
 United States

First Battle
Mahdi Army
Second Battle

  • Diwaniyah State
Casualties and losses
First Battle:
Iraq 23 killed (Iraq claims most were executed)
Second Battle:
United States 1 tank damaged
First Battle:
20 killed
10 captured
Second Battle:
30 killed
7 civilians killed

The fighting erupted after coalition troops arrested a Sadr militia leader. The militia engaged in heavy street fighting with Iraqi soldiers which lasted late into the night. Militia fighters were entrenched in residential areas during the fighting. The Iraqi Army claims that most of its casualties occurred when Mahdi militiamen captured and executed a group of soldiers who had run out of ammunition.[1] By next morning a ceasefire was in place with 23 Iraqi soldiers, 20 militiamen and 7 civilians killed.

About a month and a half later on 9 October 2006 another battle broke out in the city, this time between the militia and the U.S. Army. Thirty militiamen were killed and a U.S. military tank was severely damaged.[1]

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