Battle of Delhi (1764)

The Battle of Delhi (1764) was fought between the Jat ruler of Bharatpur and the Mughal rulers of Mughal Empire.[2] Jawahar Singh of Bharatpur Seige Delhi[clarification needed] and invaded Mughal territory. Military conflict between Jats and Mughals started for several months and on February 1765 Mughals and Rohilas surrender to Jats and Mughals pay war expenses to the Jats.

Battle of Delhi, 1764
Part of Mughal-Jat Wars
DateOctober 1764 – February 1765
Location
Result Bharatpur victory[1]
Belligerents
Flag of Bharatpur.svg Kingdom of Bharatpur
Supported by
Sikh Empire flag.svg Sikh
Flag of the Mughal Empire.png Mughal Empire
Supported by
Rohilla
Abdali flag.pngDurrani Empire
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Bharatpur.svg Jawahar Singh
Supported by
Sikh Empire flag.svg Jassa Singh Ahluwalia
Flag of the Mughal Empire.png Shah Alam II Surrendered
Supported by
Najib ad-Dawlah

BackgroundEdit

On 25 December 1763, Najib-ad Daulah shot Jawahar Singh's father Maharaja Suraj Mal, killing him. Maharaja Sawai Jawahar Singh started preparing to avenge the death of his father.[3]

BattleEdit

Singh marched to Delhi with 60,000 soldiers of his own, 25,000 from Sikhs.[citation needed] Jats plundered 12 colonies of Delhi and finally reached Shahjahanabad Fort, blocking supplies of Najib ad-Dawlah. Saharanpur and other possessions of the Rohilla Chief were plundered by the Jats. The citizens of Delhi came out of the Fort to the Jat camp for corn and other supplies, it was the surrender of the city to the Jats.

After a siege of several months, Najib ad-Dawlah appealed for peace but Singh was determined to take revenge for his father by severing the head of Najib ad-Dawlah. After several days, some Rohilla leaders came to Singh's camp with Zubita Khan who sought the intervention sikh. They tried to persuade Singh to make peace on the condition that he would marry a Mughal Princess and the whole expenditure for war would be repaid by Najib ad-Dawlah.

Singh accepted this offer, partially insistence of his chiefs, including Balram Singh and Mohanram, and returned to Bharatpur along with Lohiya Gate and Ashtadhatu gate which had been brought to Delhi, 461 years ago, by Alauddin Khaljii after his siege of Chittorgarh Fort in 1303. These doors are located in the Lohagarh Fort of Bharatpur.[4][5] In February 1765 a treaty was signed on payment of Rs. 60 Lakhs as war indemnity.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sarkar, Sir Jadunath (1934). Fall of the Mughal Empire Vol. 2. M. C. Sarkar. pp. 466–468.
  2. ^ "Punjabi University. Dept. of Punjab Historical Studies". Proceedings, Volume 20. Publication Bureau, Punjab University. 1987.
  3. ^ Misra, S. C. (1981). Sindhia-Holkar Rivalry in Rajasthan. Sundeep Prakashan.
  4. ^ Manohar, Dr. Raghvendra Singh (2019). Rajasthan ke Pramukh Durg. Rajasthan Hindi Granth Academy. ISBN 9789388776561.
  5. ^ Dubey, Dinanath (2014). Bharat Ke Durg. Publications Division, M/O Information & Broadcasting, Govt. of India. ISBN 9788123018928.