Battle of Cannae (1018)

The Battle of Cannae was a battle that took place in 1018 between the Byzantines under the Catepan of Italy Basil Boioannes and the Lombards under Melus of Bari.[1] The Lombards had also hired some Norman cavalry mercenaries[2] under their leader Gilbert Buatère, while Boioannes had a detachment of elite Varangian Guard sent to him at his request to combat the Normans.[1]

Battle of Cannae
Part of the Norman conquest of southern Italy
Date1018
Location41°17′47″N 16°9′6″E / 41.29639°N 16.15167°E / 41.29639; 16.15167
Result Byzantine victory
Belligerents

Byzantine Empire

Lombards

  • Norman mercenaries
Commanders and leaders
Basil Boioannes Melus of Bari
Gilbert Buatère 

The battle was disastrous for the Lombards, who were routed.[1] Melus of Bari managed to escape to the Papal States and eventually to the court of Holy Roman Emperor Henry II at Bamberg. The Normans lost their leader, Gilbert Buatère, and most of their group. However, what remained of this group of Normans was the first of many to go to southern Italy.

Within a year, a Norman garrison would be stationed at Troia in the pay of the Byzantine Empire.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c John Beeler (1971) Warfare in Feudal Europe, 730–1200. Cornell University Press. pp. 65–66. ISBN 9780801491207
  2. ^ Georgios Theotokis (2014) The Norman Campaigns in the Balkans, 1081–1108. Boydell Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-1843839217
  3. ^ Georgios Theotokis (2014) The Norman Campaigns in the Balkans, 1081–1108. Boydell Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-1843839217

Further readingEdit