Battle of Buwaib

Battle of Buwaib (Arabic: معركة البويب‎) was fought between the Sassanid Empire and the Rashidun Caliphate soon after the Battle of the Bridge.

Battle of Buwaib
Part of the Muslim conquest of Sassanid empire
Date9 November 634
Location
Buwaib (north of Al-Hira), Euphrates, Iraq
Result Rashidun victory
Belligerents
Rashidun Caliphate
(Rashidun army)
Sassanid Empire
(Sassanid army)
Commanders and leaders
Al-Muthanna ibn Haritha Mihran bin Badhan 
Strength
20,000[1]

30,000 (modern estimates)

200,000[2][dubious ]
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

PreludeEdit

Battle of the Bridge was a decisive Sasanian victory which gave them a huge boost to expel invading Arabs from Mesopotamia. Thus, they advanced with a huge army to fight the remnants of the Muslim army near Kufa on the Euphrates.

Caliph Umar sent reinforcements to the region which were mainly the people who were fighting Muslims during the Ridda wars.[3]

BattleEdit

Al-Muthanna ibn Haritha managed to force the upcoming Persian army to cross the river to a place where his soldiers, who were divided into Brigades, could encircle their numerically superior opponents.

The war ended with a huge success for the Muslims, thanks in no small part to the help of local Christian Arab tribes who decided to help the Muslim army.[4] According to Tabari, the Persian leader Mihran bin Badhan was killed by a slave who belonged to the Taghlib tribe and two masters, Jarir and Ibn Hober (later, a dispute ensued between the masters regarding the sharing of Mehran's weapons and clothings which had to be resolved by Al-Muthanna[4]). The Arabs gained the momentum to further expand their wars against the Sassanids and their allies.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Islam: Beliefs and Practices by Yasmin Malik
  2. ^ Islam: Beliefs and Practices by Yasmin Malik
  3. ^ عطية القوصى (2006). "عصر الخلفاء الراشدين" (in Arabic). ktab INC. ISBN 9789771020936.
  4. ^ a b Tabari. History of Tabari (Persian). 4. Asatir Publishers, Third Edition, 1984. p. 1615-1616.
  5. ^ محمد بن سعد بن منيع الزهري (1995). "تكملة نواقص الطبقات الكبرى لابن سعد 1-2" (in Arabic). IslamKotob. p. 822.