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The Battle for Jalibah Airfield took place when the U.S. 2nd Brigade, 24th Infantry Division successfully attacked and captured the heavily defended Jalibah Southeast Air Base military airfield in Iraq, located 80 miles west of Basra, on February 27, 1991 during the Gulf War.

Battle for Jalibah Airfield
Part of the Gulf War
Disabled Iraqi T-55 tank at the Jalibah Airfield.JPEG
A disabled Iraqi T-55 tank at the airfield on 2 March 1991
Date27 February 1991
Location
Result American victory
Belligerents
Flag of the United States.svg United States Flag of Iraq (1991–2004).svg Iraq
Casualties and losses
2 killed
9 wounded
(1 wounded by hostile fire)
3 IFVs damaged
2,000 casualties
31-40 tanks destroyed  [nb 1]
80 AA guns destroyed
20 aircraft shot down

BattleEdit

 
A destroyed Iraqi Su-25 aircraft at Jalibah on 3 March 1991

Satellite and aircraft reconnaissance indicated the presence of many dug-in Iraqi soldiers, anti-aircraft guns, and tanks[1] prior to the attack on the airfield. At 6 a.m. the morning of 27 February, following an intensive artillery barrage, about 200 vehicles of the 2nd Brigade, under the command of Colonel Paul J. Kern, charged into the airfield and secured it after four hours of fighting.

Two thousand enemy soldiers, 80 anti-aircraft guns, and a tank battalion were knocked out of action in this brilliantly executed attack. The airfield fuel supplies and ammunition were blown up in a thunderous roar that could be heard for 30 kilometers (19 miles). 20 enemy aircraft were destroyed. Colonel Paul Kern and his Brigade had become the 'aces' of the campaign. Major General McCaffrey flew into the captured Jalibah airstrip to congratulate Colonel Kern of the 2nd Brigade's superb victory.[1]

According to 2nd Lieutenant Neal Creighton, Iraqi soldiers "tried to hide in shallow bunkers and some tried to surrender. Most that moved were quickly cut down under a swath of machine gun fire. The burning helicopters, jets and dead soldiers seemed almost unreal. ... My soldiers were alive." Major David S. Pierson, who served as a task-force intelligence captain in the 2nd Brigade, said he eventually felt "guilty that we had slaughtered them so; guilty that we had performed so well and they so poorly; guilty that we were running up the score. ... They were like children fleeing before us, unorganized, scared, wishing it all would end. We continued to pour it on."[2]

Only one U.S. soldier was wounded by enemy fire during the battle. In the confusion, however, three U.S. M2 Bradley infantry fighting vehicles of C Company, 3rd Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment were accidentally hit with 5 depleted uranium rounds fired by the tanks of Charlie Company, 3rd Battalion, 69th Armor Regiment. At the time, the Task Force was under indirect fire and were "buttoned up." The engagement took place using their thermal sights and the Bradleys of C Company were misidentified as retreating Iraqi vehicles.[3] They fired between 15 and 25 rounds at what they identified as T-72 Iraqi tanks. This friendly fire incident resulted in the 10 additional American casualties: two deaths and eight injuries.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The 24th Infantry Division Association. A History of the 24th Mechanized Infantry Division Combat Team During Operation Desert Storm. "The Attack to Free Kuwait" (January through March 1991), Final Edition" (PDF). 24thida.com. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
  2. ^ "Overwhelming Force". New Yorker. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
  3. ^ Keck, Robert (1993). "The Battle Before Jalibah: A Bradley Platoon Leader's Reflections on Leading Soldiers in the Persian Gulf War. IOAC 1-93".
  4. ^ "TAB H - Friendly-fire Incidents". Gulflink.osd.mil. Retrieved 2014-05-22.

Coordinates: 30°32′49″N 46°36′8″E / 30.54694°N 46.60222°E / 30.54694; 46.60222

NoteEdit

  1. ^ Strength of a Soviet tank battalion in the late 1980s