Battery Rock is a limestone bluff located at Mile 860 of the Ohio River in Hardin County, Illinois, across from Caseyville, Kentucky. The bluff is a prominent navigational landmark along the river.
Battery Rock from its base
|Location||West Bank, River Mile 860, Ohio River|
|Nearest city||Cave-in-Rock, Illinois|
|Area||33.5 acres (13.6 ha)|
|MPS||Caught in the Middle: The Civil War on the Lower Ohio River MPS|
|NRHP reference No.||98001257|
|Added to NRHP||November 5, 1998|
The site played a role in several conflicts during the Civil War. In 1862, the Union Army based its troops at Battery Rock during a standoff with Confederate troops at Caseyville; the standoff ended when the Union troops moved to Caseyville, found that the Confederates had left the town, and punished the rebellious residents. The bluff also played a role in Confederate general Stovepipe Johnson's attack on riverboats in 1864. During the attack, boats used the landing at Battery Rock as a safe harbor and a place to monitor the situation. In addition, two Union recruiters from Kentucky used the bluff as a recruiting station in 1864, and either a Union garrison or a local defense force placed two cannons at the site; graffiti left by an Indiana regiment has also been found at the site.
- Thompson Brothers Rock Art, a Civil War site in Union County
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- Jacobsen, James E. (June 14, 1998). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Battery Rock" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
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