Batong line

The Batong Line[4] of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁八通线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě bātōng xiàn) is an east–west rapid transit line in eastern Beijing. It extends Line 1 further east from Sihui in Chaoyang District to Huazhuang in Tongzhou District.

Batong line
BJS Batong Line icon.svg
Guoyuan station platform.jpg
Two Batong line trains at Guo Yuan station
Overview
Other name(s)M1 East (planned name)
Line 1 East
Line BT
StatusOperational
LocaleTongzhou and Chaoyang districts
Beijing
TerminiSihui
Huazhuang
Stations14
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemBeijing Subway
Operator(s)Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corporation Limited
Depot(s)Sihui, Tuqiao[1]
Rolling stock6-car Type B (SFM01, SFM02, SFM07, BDK06)
Ridership300,600 (2014 Avg.)[2]
364,800 (2014 Peak)
History
OpenedDecember 27, 2003; 17 years ago (2003-12-27)
Technical
Line length23.4 km (14.5 mi)[3]
CharacterElevated, at-grade, underground
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
ElectrificationThird rail
Route map

BT01 Sihui
connects Line 1 (for depot trains only)
Sihui depot
planned train-operating connection
with Line 1
BT02 Sihui Dong (E)
BT03 Gaobeidian
BT04 Communication Univ. of China
BT05 Shuang Qiao
BT06 Guaanzhuang
Tonghui river
BT07 Bali Qiao
BT08 Tongzhou Beiyuan
BT09 Guoyuan
BT10 Jiukeshu
BT11 Liyuan
BT12 Linheli
BT13 Tu Qiao
Tuqiao depot
Huazhuang
Xiaotaihou river
Universal Resort (to be opened 2021)

The Batong Line derives its name by combining the first character of Bawangfen (八王坟), another name for Sihui, and Tongzhou (通州), the eastern suburban district of Beijing which the line serves.

The Batong Line is mainly above ground with only 3.8 km section is underground[5] and runs 23.4 km (14.5 mi)[3] from the Sihui in the west to Huazhuang in the east. The colour of the Batong Line that is shown on maps, like that of Line 1, is red.

The line tends be very crowded during rush hour. To alleviate this headways were reduced and express services were introduced during rush hour.

Hours of OperationEdit

The first east-bound train departs Sihui at 6:00 am. The first west-bound train departs Huazhuang at 5:16 am. The last east-bound train leaves Sihui at 11:40 pm. The last west-bound train leaves Huazhuang at 10:56 pm.[6][7]

RouteEdit

The Batong Line follows the Beijing-Tongzhou Expressway eastward from Si Hui to Guaan Zhuang. Between Gao Bei Dian and Guaan Zhuang, the Batong Line and its stations are built into the highway's median. At Ba Li Qiao, the Batong Line turns to the southeast and follows the Jingtang Road to Tu Qiao, which is located just inside the Tuqiao Bridge exit on the eastern 6th Ring Road. From there, the line turns and follows the 6th Ring Road south and little west to Hua Zhuang.

Stations (from West to East)Edit

Station
No.
Service Route[8] Station Name Connections Nearby Bus Stops Travel Time Distance
km[9][10]
Location
L R G English Chinese
BT01 Sihui 四惠  1  1 57 58 322 363 397 405 455 468 475 496 506 517 553 605 657 666 671 865 988 989 夜1 夜27 专113 专167 0:00 0.000 0.000 Chaoyang
BT02 Sihui Dong (E) 四惠东  1  363 397 468 475 506 517 553 666 夜27 专141 0:03 1.715 1.715
BT03 Gaobeidian 高碑店 363 397 475 506 517 666 夜27 专141 0:05 1.375 3.090
BT04 Communication Univ. of China 传媒大学 397 475 506 666 夜27 专36 0:08 2.002 5.092
BT05 Shuang Qiao 双桥 382 397 411 451 475 506 666 夜27 0:11 1.894 6.986
BT06 Guaanzhuang 管庄 364 388 442 532 615 666 690 BRT2(快速公交2) 夜27 专39 0:14 1.912 8.898
BT07 Bali Qiao 八里桥 322 615 647 666 668 807 夜27 0:17 1.763 10.661
BT08 Tongzhou Beiyuan 通州北苑 316 317 322 372 591 615 647 666 667 668 804 805 806 808 809 810 811 924 938 夜27 专157 0:20 1.700 12.361 Tongzhou
BT09 Guoyuan 果园 312 316 317 552 591 668 805 938 夜29 0:23 1.465 13.826
BT10 Jiukeshu 九棵树 372 582 587 668 805 810 938 0:25 0.990 14.816
BT11 Liyuan 梨园 372 587 589 647 668 805 806 810 938 0:28 1.225 16.041
BT12 Linheli 临河里 435 587 589 591 806 810 924 938 专173 专203 0:30 1.257 17.298
BT13 Tu Qiao 土桥 435 591 805 806 807 810 910 924 938 0:32 0.776 18.074
[a] Huazhuang 花庄  7  806 0:35 2.238 20.312
[a] Universal Resort 环球度假区  7 
  1. ^ a b No official station codes are given after 2007.
 
Gao Bei Dian station on the Batong Line is located in the median of the Beijing-Tongzhou Expressway

Rolling stockEdit

The line uses 6-car Type B rolling stock.

CurrentEdit

Model Image Manufacturer Year Built Year Refurbished Amount in Service Fleet Numbers Depot
SFM01   CRRC Qingdao Sifang
Beijing Subway Rolling Stock Equipment
2003 2015–2019 19 TQ401–TQ408, TQ414–TQ424 Tuqiao
SFM02   CRRC Qingdao Sifang 2018 5 TQ409–TQ413
SFM07   Beijing Subway Rolling Stock Equipment 2019 6 TQ425–TQ430
BDK06   Beijing Subway Rolling Stock Equipment 2019 Never 7 TQ431–TQ437

FormerEdit

Model Manufacturer Year Built Year Retired Number Made Fleet Numbers Depot
DK3 CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles 1971 2005 14 TQ101–TQ114 Tuqiao
DK16 1986 2003 4 TQ115–TQ118

HistoryEdit

Phase 1Edit

Construction of the Batong Line began on December 28, 2001 and the line opened on December 27, 2003.

In 2012, traffic on Batong Line was relieved by the opening of the parallel Line 6, with a 12.14% decrease in daily ridership and a 10–20% reduction in flow during rush hour.[11] However, during peak hours sections the line still operates above 100% capacity.[11]

Southern extension (Phase 2)Edit

There are 2 stations on the southern extension: Huazhuang station and Universal Resort station (both are transfer stations with the eastern extension of Line 7).[12] The extension is 4.5 km in length,[13] including 3.8 km underground section.[14] Huazhuang station was opened on December 28, 2019.[15] Universal Resort station will open simultaneously with the opening of Universal Beijing Resort[16] (in May 2021[17]).

Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Sihui — Tuqiao 27 December 2003 18.964 km (11.8 mi)[18] 13 Phase 1
Tuqiao — Hua Zhuang 28 December 2019[15] 4.5 km (2.8 mi)[13] 1 Phase 2 (Southern extension)
Hua Zhuang — Universal Resort 2021 (Planned)[16] 1

Future DevelopmentEdit

Through operations with Line 1Edit

In 2010, a CPPCC member Chen Dingwang, proposed that services on Line 1 and the Batong Line should directly link, with through operations, reducing travel times and removing the unnecessary forced transfers at Si Hui Dong(E) or Si Hui.[19] However, the Beijing Subway responded that Line 1's and Batong's signal systems are completely different, so through-operation will be more difficult to achieve from an engineering standpoint. As of 2016, preliminary design and feasibility studies are underway to allow for through operations between Line 1 and Batong.[20] On June 12, 2020, the project of the through operation of Line 1 and Batong line was approved by Beijing Development and Reform Commission.[21] Completion of this project is scheduled for April 2021.[22]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Liu Hongtao (刘洪涛) (2008). Song Minhua (宋敏华) (ed.). 北京地铁八通线勘察设计·施工监理·建设管理. Beijing: 中国建筑工业出版社. pp. 314–325. ISBN 978-7-112-09808-8.
  2. ^ "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Archived from the original on 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
  3. ^ a b "北京地铁7号线东延和八通线南延今年底开通试运营".
  4. ^ "JPG格式线路图下载 | 北京地铁官方网站". Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2021-01-01.
  5. ^ "通州三线换乘施园站封顶 八通线南延7号线东延明年底开通". 2018-12-15.
  6. ^ "八通线 | 北京地铁官方网站". Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2021-01-01.
  7. ^ "八通线 | 北京地铁官方网站". Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2021-01-01.
  8. ^ "八通线 | 北京地铁官方网站". www.bjsubway.com. Retrieved 2020-04-24.
  9. ^ "八通线路网车站站间距信息". Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  10. ^ "运营线路" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on February 27, 2010.
  11. ^ a b 我市轨道交通网络化运营效果凸显. 北京市交通委员会 [Beijing Municipal Transportation Committee]. 2013-02-07. Archived from the original on 2014-01-09. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  12. ^ http://www.xinhuanet.com/local/2018-12/15/c_1123856864.htm
  13. ^ a b "地铁7号线东延、八通线南延今日试运行 年底开通". 2019-09-10.
  14. ^ http://bj.people.com.cn/n2/2018/1215/c82840-32413471.html
  15. ^ a b "7号线东延八通线南延本周六开通试运营 运营时间保持不变 环球度假区站暂不开通". 2019-12-25.
  16. ^ a b "地铁7号线东延、八通线南延将于年底开通试运营". 2019-12-24. 环球度假区站将随环球度假区开放同步运营 (Universal Resort station will operate synchronously with the opening of Universal Beijing Resort.)
  17. ^ "北京环球主题公园明年5月开园". 2020-02-16. Retrieved 2020-02-17.
  18. ^ "北京地铁八通线轨道全线贯通 仍将确保年底通车". 2003-05-29.
  19. ^ 北京地铁八通线一号线有望贯通. 中国网. 2011-09-16.
  20. ^ 北京八通线南延工程初步设计顺利通过评审-千龙网·中国首都网. finance.qianlong.com. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  21. ^ "关于轨道交通1号线与八通线贯通运营工程项目建议书(代可行性研究报告)的批复". Beijing Development and Reform Commission. 2020-06-12. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
  22. ^ "地铁公司进一步提升服务水平,为乘客提供更加高效便捷舒适的出行环境". State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of People's Government of Beijing Municipality. Retrieved 2020-11-20.